Medication Management and Storage in the GPD Inspection Process
Medication Management and Storage in GPD Programs J O H N C H I E C H I , M S W, L C S W C H A YA S A R A H N A I D I T C H , B S N, R N Outline National Context/OIG reports GPD Response to OIG reports Individual Storage Medication Monitoring Medication Distribution Other recommendations
Infection Control Staff Training National Context GPD providers should have policies and procedures in place, speaking to proper storage, handling and usage of medications. Policies should be reviewed/updated annually, in collaboration with GPD Liaison OIG Report 2012 2012 OIG report found that GPD providers had various procedures for the storage of prescribed medications.
Generally, multi-occupant or barracks-style environments had only minor variations in storing medications. For example: unlocked meds in personal living area Providers did not have standards of storing/monitoring prescription meds OIG Report 2012 Veterans health/rehabilitation may be jeopardized if meds are lost/stolen OIG recommendations followed:
We recommended the Under Secretary for Health publish standards on medication management to ensure the safe storage of medications in Grant and Per Diem Program facilities. We recommended the Under Secretary for Health revise the Grant and Per Diem Program application process to ensure providers clearly state plans to address storage of medications. Grant and Per Diem Program Response Annual medication inspection in GPDs
Individual Storage Medication M0nitoring Medication Management OIG Report 2014 2014 OIG review of GPD programs noted insufficient risk management exercised in some programs with Veteran self-storage of meds For example, one program had a resident with hydrocodone in an unlocked, transparent drawer.
Three providers provided lock boxes, though they were small and portable, thus subject to higher risk of theft. OIG Report 2014 OIG Recommendations: We recommended the Interim Under Secretary for Health assess all medication security controls over controlled and non-controlled substances and conduct additional inspections at funded grantee facilities. We recommended the Interim Under Secretary for Health ensure individually locked medications are safely secured in non-portable storage containers. GPD Program Response One-time medication control system
certification Emphasis on reducing risk by ensuring safe and secure storage, particularly in congregate settings Secured storage includes limiting access to other residents (ie lockable; accessible by Veteran and staff) Storage must not be easily removed (ie mounted lock box; storage lockers; footlocker with lock; dresser
with locks). Main issue is SAFETY Types of Medication Control Systems Used Individual Storage Special emphasis should be given to those GPD sites that use individual storage by Veteran residents to ensure medications are secured and not easily removed Secured storage should include the ability to limit access to the medication to the Veteran (i.e. lock boxes that are mounted, use of storage lockers, footlockers with locks,
dressers with locks) - GPD memorandum Individual Storage Nurse is looking for: That the facility has a medication storage and management policy Medications are locked in a secured box or cabinet. Reasons for not passing inspection:
Medications were not stored in locked boxes. Locked boxes are not required if the veterans live alone in their own room and no one else has access to that room. Medications were seen on dresser tops and in unlocked drawers. This was in congregate living arrangements. Veterans had been provided with lock boxes, but they were too small to hold medication bottles. There is also no written medication policy. This must be provided for staff and Veteran clarification and safety. Medications are stored in a safe that uses a code. When asked staff confirmed that
this code is not changed between residents. Code needs to be changed between residents to prevent unauthorized access to medications Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for: A list of all prescribed, over the counter, and herbal medications. The list should have: Veterans name Allergies ----- VIP
Medication name Medication strength and dosage and how it should be taken (route) Medication frequency Prescribing physicians name Medication expiration date Possible side effects Disposal/Discontinue date and amount disposed policy if Veteran does not return Date the list was last updated Reasons for not passing inspection:
Medications in med box did not match med list (there were either missing meds or had undocumented meds, OTC and herbal supplements were not listed) Med list did not have the name, dose, or route of medication it just said pain relief. Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for: Policy that covers the above requirements. Medications are safely stored Documentation of medications being taken or refused Reasons for not passing inspection:
Facility did not have a written policy No sharps box on site or address disposal in their policy Recommendations Staff should have gloves available to handle medications Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for Medication area should be locked and only accessible to staff Reasons for not passing
Every site has passed Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for System for tracking medication expiration. Reasons for not passing Staff did not have sheet showing medications are checked for expiration, and staff member did not verbalize doing this as part of routine medication monitoring. Recommendations Suggest having medication expiration date on each medication sheet, when staff initial that for witnessing medication self administration by Veteran, they would initial
that they checked expiration as well. Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for Refrigeration as needed, and reasonable room temperature Reasons for not passing Insulin was stored in the fridge after it was opened. Package directions read that medication should not be stored in fridge after opening. Recommendations
Suggest in house staff education on medication storage and management. Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for Staff know how to find reliable medication information if needed. Reasons for not passing Staff not familiar with medications stocked and referred to unreliable sources such as wikipedia for more information Recommendations
Suggest minimum of having drug book on hand for reference and posted phone number of local pharmacy. Ideally the policy should provide some direction for this such as to call the local pharmacy, use a drug guide book, or specific websites Medication Monitoring Nurse is looking for Documentation of continuing education or in-services Reasons for not passing
No documentation indicating education. Staff member actually monitoring self-administration of the medications did not verbalize understanding of basic conditions such as hypoglycemia. Staff member verbalized that not all staff members received training. Recommendations Staff should ideally be familiar with symptoms of heart attack, stroke, seizure, hyper/hypoglycemia and know how to respond. Medication Management
Medication Management Other recommendations Infection Control Ensure that your shelter has a policy regarding blood borne pathogens control (Standard Precautions in the Shelter Setting) Masks, gloves, tissues, disposable paper towels, bleach wipes and hand sanitizing foam should be made available in common areas. Residents can protect themselves and others if they are sick and can wipe down table, computer, toys or other commonly used items. Staff Training
CPR AED (training on how to use and how to check daily) Narcan training Know to check equipment and supplies for expiration (AED, supplies in 1st aid kit, drug testing kits, narcan) Common medical conditions and how to respond Links to resources Locked box for refrigerator (use with a lock) http:// www.overstock.com/As-Seen-on-TV/As-Seen-on-TV-Fridge-Sa fe-Box-Locker/9459683/product.html https://
www.nhchc.org/resources/clinical/tools-and-support/shelterhealth / Best practice guidelines/info on common medical conditions encountered in the shelter setting http://www.google.com/url? sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0C DoQFjACahUKEwi5yYGX8MvHAhVMNz4KHfGSD50&url=http%3A%2F %2Fwww.kingcounty.gov%2Fhealthservices%2Fhealth%2Fpersonal %2FHCHN%2F~%2Fmedia%2Fhealth%2Fpublichealth%2Fdocuments %2Fhchn%2Frecommended_shelter.ashx&ei=LmHgVbn6IMzuAHxpb7oCQ&usg=AFQjCNHynsM9MH4Fui1ljFodzApSedwHew
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