Medication Delegation Role and Responsibility of the Teacher
Administration of Medication by Delegation Role and Responsibility of the Teacher Objectives Accurately identify the student for whom the medication is ordered Become familiar with the medication administration plan/parent consent form for the student Define the five rights of medication administration Read the medication label accurately Properly document medication administration Describe procedure to follow if the medication is not give due to refusal,
omission or if an error is made Identify appropriate resources available if they should be needed Role of the Teacher The teacher will, under the direction of the school nurse: Administer medication to student or remind the student to take their own medication for whom they have been trained. Review with the school nurse the individual students medication administration plan and follow the specific instructions for the student.
Role of the Teacher (continued) Only administer a medication to a student who has a written signed order by a licensed provider (doctor, nurse practitioner, dentist) and a signed medication administration/parent consent form. Record the time the medication was given on the appropriate form. Report any unusual reactions or problems to the school nurse immediately. What types of medications can a teacher
give to a student? 1. A teacher may only give medication to a student that has been prescribed by a licensed provider and is routinely given to the student such as Ritalin and only under the direction of the school nurse. Medications teachers can give to students (continued) 2. A teacher may not give over the counter medications such as Tylenol or Advil without consulting with and obtaining specific instructions
from a school nurse. Medications teachers can give to students (continued) 3. Epinephrine is the only medication that a teacher may administer by syringe because it is an autoinjector and only to a student with a known allergic reaction and appropriate licensed provider order and medication administration /parent consent form. Confidentiality All student health information,
including any medication a student may be taking, is confidential. Medications and other student health information should not be discussed with others unless advised by the school nurse to do so. ! Confidentiality is key! Unless there is a need to
know, health information and medications should not be shared with others! What is Medication? It is a chemical substance that is used to treat, cure, prevent or diagnose a disease or disorder. Source: Wikipedia.com Types of Medication
There are two types: Prescription - medications requiring a written order from a licensed provider (nurse practitioner, physician, dentist). Over the Counter (OTC) - medications that generally can be purchased without an order from a health care provider. In the school setting, OTCs require a prescribers order just like all other medications that are administered in school. Medications that teachers might administer: Antibiotics - used to treat infections (e.g. Penicillin, Amoxicillin) Anticonvulsants -used to control seizure activity (e.g.
Dilantin, Tegretol) Psychotropics -used to affect behavior (e.g. Ritalin) Emergency Epinephrine - used to treat life threatening anaphylactic reactions (e.g. EpiPen) Five Rights of Medication Administration for Unlicensed Assistive Personnel Protecting student safety is the most important point to remember about administering medication. The five rights of medication administration are designed to prevent a medication error that could harm a student.
Anyone administering medication must fully understand each steps and be able to follow them every single time a medication is given. Five Rights of Medication Administration for Unlicensed Personnel Right Student Right Medication
Right Dose Right Route Right Time A Note about the Rights Registered Nurses are responsible for three additional rights: Documentation, Reason, and Response. The School Nurse will share with you three important documents that must be in place before any medication can be given: 1. Medication Administration Plan
2. Signed Parent/Guardian Consent 3. Signed Medication Order from a licensed provider As appropriate, the School Nurse will also share information with you about the reason for the medication and the expected response. Right Student You must know the student, dont guess. If the student isnt in your class, meet with the student and the school nurse before taking responsibility to give a student medication on a field trip or at an off campus event .
Ask the nurse for a photo to take with the medication Right Student - continued How do you check that you have the right student? Ask the student to tell you their name even if you know them well. Compare the student with the picture on the medication administration log or bottle Look at the label on the bottle and state the name out loud to the student and ask: is this you?
Be sure you have the students full attention when confirming they are the right student. Right Medication Before taking the medication from the health office, the teacher and the school nurse must check the licensed providers order and the pharmacy label to make sure they match Double check to make sure they match, never do this in a rush Check the expiration date on the medication label before administering the medication
When it is time to administer the medication if its appearance has changed, call the nurse Right Medication - continued The nurse will prepare the medication and documents and review these with you. Before administering, review the medication with the student by following these steps: 1. Show the bottle to the student and read the name of the medication. Even young students typically know the name of the
medication they take routinely. Ask: is this your medicine? Right Medication - continued Steps to take before administering medication (continued) 2. Show the medication to the student. Before you allow them to take it, ask again: is this your medicine? Not only is this an important safety step, it is also an important teaching moment. Students need to learn to be
responsible for their own medication. They are the last stop before taking a medication and its important for them to question what they are taking and confirm that any medication being offered to them is the correct one. Right Medication -continued 3. Only give the medication if the student confirms yes to both of these questions. Ask questions if you
do not understand If the student answers no, or raises the nurse's questions about the medication, contact instructions or if the nurse immediately. any medication looks different from Note: Medications may look different what you typically depending on the supplier. Changes will give to a particular confuse the student if they havent seen the
new formulation. The nurse should review any student. changes with you before supplying you with medication. Right Dose 1. When you review medications with the nurse, be sure to look at it and understand the dosage. Medications may look different from prescription to prescription. !
Dosage must be the same, not higher or lower than the order. Check with the school nurse if it is different. Do not give the medication if it doesnt match. Right Dose - continued
2. Compare the licensed providers order with the pharmacy label. Note: Sometimes pharmacies supply different formulations of a medication: Maybe they only have a 10 mg pill on hand, but the dosage is 5 mg. The 10 mg pill is scored so it will be cut in half.
Maybe the student takes a 10 mg dose, but the pharmacy provided 5 mg pills. In this case, the student will need to take two pills. Right Dose - continued 3. Read the medication label as it will tell you whats inside the bottle and how much to deliver. Confirm that the medication, the label, and the nurse's instructions match up. If not, ask the nurse for clarification.
Right Dose - continued 4. Double check it: It is the nurses responsibility to provide you with the correct dosage and clear instructions for administering the medication. It is the teachers responsibility to review and confirm the instructions and to ask questions. When receiving the medication from the nurse, carefully review the instructions and be sure you understand them.
Right Route Medications come in different forms such as tablets, capsules, liquids, drops, ointments injections, inhalants These forms of medication are given differently Tablets, capsules and liquids are generally swallowed. These are oral medications Right Route - continued Ointments are usually applied to the skin. These are topical medications.
Inhalants are generally inhaled through the nose or mouth. These are inhalation medications. Medications given in a syringe under the skin, such as epinephrine (EpiPen) are injections, only epinephrine by auto-injector can be given by a teacher and that requires further training. Right Time Giving medication at the right time is very important. Some students are on rigid medication schedules and delaying, missing, or giving a medication too
early can create a significant problem for them or endanger their health. Right Time - continued Example of a problem created by missing the Right Time: Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is commonly used to treat ADHD. Often students will take a mid-day dose. If its given too late in the day, they wont be able sleep well that night. If the Right Time is missed, you may not be able to give the dose and the student will have trouble
focusing and lose important time on learning. Right Time - continued A window of time: Some medications can be given during a window of time, such as 30 minutes before or after the scheduled time. Others must be given exactly at the scheduled time. The nurse is responsible for providing you with clear directions about the Right Time to give medications and what to do if that time frame is missed. Dont assume you should just give a missed medication at the time you realize you forgot to give it. If the nurse doesnt give
instruction on what to do if you miss a dose, ask for direction. Situations that Constitute a Medication Error Wrong Student Wrong Medication Wrong Dose
Wrong Time Wrong Route If you make an error, dont hide it. Report the error immediately to the school nurse Documentation A log must be kept of all medication administration. The log should include: 1. The dose or amount of medication administered 2. The date and time of administration or omission of administration, including the reason for
omission. 3. Any observations noted such as adverse reactions. 4. The signature of the person administering the medication. Dos for Safe Medication Administration Give your full attention to the task Review the signed medication order and medication
administration/parent consent form Check the 5 Rights carefully ! Being distracted is a common reason for making medication errors be sure to give full attention to the task. Be sure to review the medications and orders
every time, for every student. Check and double check every one of the 5 Rights before administering. Dos for Safe Medication Administration - continued Ask the student to identify his/her medication before you give it: What does your medication look like? What color is it? Stay with the student until the medication has been
taken and you are sure the student has swallowed it Nine Steps in Medication Administration You will read label three times before administering medication 1. Identify the student 2. Read medication plan and doctors orders 3. Wash hands 4. Select medication and read label making sure it is correct for the student 5. Prepare the medication and read the label a second
time Nine Administration Steps - continued 6. Read label a third time and administer the medication to the student 7. Replace medication in cabinet 8. Lock Cabinet 9. Document time, medication and student. Upon return from a field trip report to the school nurse the students name, medication and time it was
administered for documentation Donts for Safe Medication Administration 1. Never give medication from a container you cant read. 2. Never give a medication to a student without a signed order from a licensed provider, a signed medication administration plan, and written parent permission. 3. Never give medication from another students container (even if its the same medication).
Donts for Safe Medication Administration 3. Never leave medications unattended 4. Never change the dose of medication to be given 5. Never hide a medication error, be sure to report it to the school nurse as soon as you are aware of the error Safety First Administering medication is not just handing a pill to a student, it is a thoughtful step-bystep process. For each step, we must confirm that each condition is right, and if not, to stop
and ask questions. Medication errors can harm students. Medication errors do happen and a common reason is being distracted and missing one of these steps. When administering medication, take your time-- administer the medication deliberately by checking and double checking yourself through each and every step. Protecting student safety is the most important point to
remember about administering medication. Questions? Post Test 1. What are the Eight (5) Rights of Medication Administration? 2. If you should give a student the wrong medicine what should you do first? a. Report it to the school nurse immediately b. Observe student for any ill effects c. Observe for ill effects and report to the school nurse immediately
d. Do nothing it was just a small dose 3. When should you wash your hands a. before giving a medication b. before eating c. after giving a medication d. after using the bathroom e. a and c f. b and d g. a, b, c and d 4. You are on a field trip. Mary comes to you complaining of a headache. You have Motrin in your school bag. Its ok to give Mary the Motrin after you called her mother. True or False
5. A medication label reads 50 milligrams. You need to give Carl 100 milligrams of the medication ordered how many tablets would you give him? 6. What medication given by syringe is a teacher allowed to give a student in an emergency if the student has a specific diagnosed condition? 7. Who should you report an emergency to in your building? 8. Its time for Sam to take his medication on the field trip. He isnt feeling well and refuses to take the medication. What should you do? 9. An emergency should be reported: a. as soon as possible b. when you are finished with what you are doing c. immediately
10. Before giving a medication to a student, the student should have what documentation in his/ her record a. Signed order from a licensed provider b. Administration plan and signed parent consent form c. Medication administration plan d. All of the above Congratulations you have finished this review! Please complete Medication Administration Written Competency Test and submit your answers to the school nurse. You must also arrange a time with the nurse to demonstrate medication administration to a student.
SLIDES WERE PUT TOGETHER USING THE OUTLINE FOR TRAINING PROGRAM FOR UNLICENSED SCHOOL PERSONNEL RERSPONSIBLE FOR ADMINISTERING PRECRIBTION MEDICATION UNDER SUPERVISION OF THE SCHOOL NURSE- Massachusetts Department of Public Health
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