Medical Terminology - Acupuncturist Manhattan

Medical Terminology - Acupuncturist Manhattan

Dr. Michael P. Gillespie Descriptive descriptive medical terms describes the shape, size, color, function etc. of the anatomical structure. Eponyms literally putting a name upon - are used to honor someone who first discovered or described an anatomical structure, diagnosed a disease, or developed a medical instrument or procedure. Eponyms give no useful information about what the item is or where it is located.

Analyze words by dividing them into component parts. Do not simply memorize terms. Break words up into their component parts. Relate the medical terms to the structure and function of the human body. The medical terms will be easier to understand if you know their context in health and disease processes. Be aware of spelling and pronunciation problems.

Some medical terms are pronounced alike, but spelled differently (i.e. ilium and ileum). Some medical terms are similar and a mispronunciation can lean to a misunderstanding (i.e. urethra and ureter). Root the root is the foundation of the word. All medical words have one or more roots. Prefix word beginning. Usually identifies some subdivision or part of the central meaning. Suffix word ending.

Modifies the central meaning. Combining vowel usuallu an o. Links the root to a suffix or another root. Combining form combination of the root plus the combining vowel. 1. Read the meaning of the medical terms from the suffix back to the beginning of the term and across.

2. Drop the combining vowel (usually o) before a suffix beginning with a vowel: gastritis not gastroitis. 3. Keep the combining vowel between two roots: gastroenterology, not gastrentology. Itis = inflammation (tonsillitis, appendicitis, hepatitis) Osis = abnormal condition (cyanosis) Ectomy = to cut out [remove] (appendectomy, tonsillectomy) Otomy = to cut into (tracheotomy) Ostomy = to make a [mouth] (colostomy)

A / an = without / none (anemia, areflexia) Micro = small (microscopic) Macro = large (macroscopic) Mega / megaly = enlarged (megacolon, organomegaly) Scopy / scopic = to look / observe (colonoscopy) Graphy / graph = recording an image (mammography)

Gram = the image (mammogram) Ology / ologist = study / specialize in (cardiologist, rheumatology) Root Meaning Example Stomato Mouth Stomatitis Dento

Teeth Dentist Glosso / linguo Tongue Glossitis, lingual gland Gingivo Gums Gingivitis Encephalo Brain Encephalitis

Gastro Stomach Gastritis Entero Intestine Gastroenteritis Colo Large intestine Colitis, megacolon Root Meaning Example

Procto Anus / rectum Proctitis, proctologist Hepato Liver Hepatitis, hepatomegaly Nephro / rene Kidney Nephrosis, renal Orchiso

Testis Orchiditis Oophoro Ovary Oophorectomy Hystero / metro Uterus Hysterectomy, endometritis Salpingo Uterine tubes Hysterosalpingogram

Dermo Skin Dermatitis Root Meaning Example Masto / mammo Breast Mammography, mastectomy Osteo Bones

Osteoporosis Cardio Heart Electrocardiogram Cysto Bladder Cystitis Rhino Nose Rhinitis Phlebo / veno Veins

Phlebitis, phlebotomy Pneumo / pulmo Lung Pneumonitis, pulmonologist Hemo / emia Blood Hematologist, anemia Combining Form Meaning abdomin/o

adip/o anter/o bol/o (throw) abdomen fat front to cast Combining Form Meaning cervic/o neck (of the body or uterus) cartilage color coccyx (tailbone) chondr/o

chrom/o coccyg/o Combining Form Meaning crani/o skull cyt/o cell dist/o far, distant dors/o back portion of the body Combining Form Meaning hist/o tissue ili/o ilium (of the pelvic bone) inguin/o groin kary/o nucleus

Combining Form Meaning later/o lumb/o medi/o nucle/o side lower back middle nucleus Combining Form Meaning pelv/i poster/o proxim/o sacr/o

pelvis back, behind nearest sacrum Combining Form sarc/o spin/o thel/o thorac/o trache/o windpipe Meaning flesh spine, backbone nipple chest trachea,

Combining Form Meaning umbilic/o navel, umbilicus ventr/o belly side of the body vertebro vertebra(e), backbone viscer/o internal organs Combining Form Meaning ana- up cata-

down epi- above hypo- below inter- between meta- change Suffix Meaning -eal

pertaining to -iac pertaining to -ior pertaining to -ism process, condition -ose pertaining to, full of -plasm formation

-somes bodies -type picture, classification as in pe as in ven as in ce as in pen

as in nit as in pple as in very as in nterest as in pt

as in nder Combining Form Meaning angi/ovessel aort/oaorta arter/o artery arteri/o artery ather/o yellowish plaque atri/oatrium Combining Form brachi/o Meaning

arm cardi/o heart cholesterol/o cholesterol coron/o heart cyan/o blue myx/o mucus Combining Form Meaning ox/o

oxygen pericardi/o pericardium phleb/o vein sphygm/o pulse steth/o chest thromb/o clot Combining Form Meaning valvul/o valve

valv/o valve vas/o vessel vascul/o vessel ven/o, ven/i vein ventricul/o ventricle COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning angi/ovessel aort/oaorta arter/o artery arteri/o artery ather/o

yellowish plaque atri/oatrium COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning brachi/o arm cardi/o heart cholesterol/o cholesterol coron/o

heart cyan/o blue myx/o mucus COMBINING FORMS Combining Form ox/o pericardi/o phleb/o pulmon/o rrhythm/o sphygm/o

steth/o thromb/o Meaning oxygen pericardium vein long rhythmn pulse chest clot COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning valvul/o valve valv/o valve vas/o vessel vascul/o vessel ven/o, ven/i vein ventricul/o ventricle SUFFIXES Suffix

Meaning -constrictionnarrowing -dilation widening; stretching; expanding -emia blood condition -graphy process of recording -lysis breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening -megaly enlargement SUFFIXES Suffix

-meter -oma collection -osis abnormal -plasty -sclerosis -stonosis structure -tomy Meaning

measure tumor; mass; fluid condition; usually surgical repair hardening tightening; process of cutting PREFIXES Prefix Meaning a-, an no; not; without brady- slow

delack of; down; less; removal of dysbad; painful; difficult; abnormal endo- hyper- above; excessive in; within PREFIXES Prefix Meaning

hypoless deficient; below; under; than normal inter- between peri- surrounding tachy-

fast tetra- four tri- three Combining Form bas/o Meaning base chrom/o color

coagul/o clotting cyt/o cell eosin/o red, dawn, rosy erythr/o red Combining Form granul/o hem/o hemat/o hemoglobin/o is/o kary/o

Meaning granules blood blood hemoglobin same, equal nucleus Combining Form Meaning leuk/o white one, single shape, form bone marrow neutral nucleus

mon/o morph/o myel/o neutr/o nucle/o Combining Form phag/o poikil/o irregular sider/o spher/o round thromb/o Meaning eat, swallow varied, iron globe,

clot -apheresis -blast -cyte -cytosis -emia -globin -globulin -lytic

-oid -osis -penia -phage -philia -phoresis -poiesis -stasis COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning bas/o base chrom/o color coagul/o clotting cyt/o cell eosin/o red, dawn, rosy erythr/o red COMBINING FORMS Combining Form granul/o Meaning granules hem/o blood

hemat/o blood hemoglobin/o hemoglobin is/o same, equal kary/o nucleus COMBINING FORMS Combining Form leuk/o mon/o morph/o myel/o neutr/o

nucle/o Meaning white one, single shape, form bone marrow neutral nucleus COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning phag/oeat, swallow

poikil/o varied, irregular sider/o iron spher/o globe, round thromb/o clot Combining Forms, Prefixes, and Terminology COMBINING FORMS Combining Form immun/o Meaning protection lymph/o lymph lymphaden/o lymph node splen/o spleen

thym/othymus gland tox/o poison Combining Forms, Prefixes, and Terminology PREFIXES Prefix Meaning ana- again, anew inter- between COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

axill/o cervic/o Meaning armpit neck; cervix (neck of uterus) immun/o immune; protection; safe inguin/o groin lymph/o lymph lymphaden/o lymph gland (node)

COMBINING FORMS Combining Form splen/o thym/o tox/o Meaning spleen thymus gland poison SUFFIXES Suffix

-cytosis Meaning cells; slight increase in numbers -edema -globulin -megaly -oid -pathy condition of swelling protein

enlargement resembling disease; emotion SUFFIXES Suffix -penia deficiency -phylaxis protection -poiesis formation -stitial to set; pertaining standing or Meaning

positioned -suppression to stop to PREFIXES Prefix ana- Meaning up; apart; backward; again; anew auto- self; own

hyper- above; excessive inter- between retro- behind; back; backward COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning adip/o fat albin/o

white burn, burning heat, burn skin skin caus/o cauter/o cutane/o derm/o/ COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning

dermat/o skin diaphor/o profuse sweating erythem/o redness erythemat/o redness hidr/o sweat ichthy/o scaly, dry COMBINING FORMS Combining Form kerat/o Meaning hard, horny tissue leuk/owhite lip/o fat melan/o black myc/o fungus

onych/o nail COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning phyt/oplant pil/o hair, hair follicle py/o pus rhythid/o wrinkle seb/o sebum squam/o scalelike

COMBINING FORMS Combining Form steat/o trich/o ungu/o xanth/o xer/o Meaning fat hair nail yellow dry COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

adip/o albin/o caus/o cauter/o cutane/o derm/o Meaning fat white burn, burning heat, burn skin skin COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

dermat/o diaphor/o Meaning skin profuse sweating erythem/o redness erythemat/o redness hidr/o sweat ichthy/o scaly, dry COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning kerat/o hard, horny tissue leuk/o white lip/o fat melan/o black myc/o fungus onych/o nail COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning phyt/oplant pil/o hair, hair follicle py/o pus rhythid/o wrinkle seb/o sebum squam/o scale-like COMBINING FORMS Combining Form steat/o trich/o ungu/o xanth/o xer/o Meaning

fat hair nail yellow dry SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -algia pain -derma skin -esis condition -lysis breakdown; separation;

destruction; loosening -ose full of; pertaining to; sugar Review Sheet SUFFIXES Suffix -osis Meaning condition, usually abnormal -ous pertaining to -plakia plaque -plasty surgical repair -rrhea flow; discharge

adenoids alveolus (alveoli) apex of the lung base of the lung brochioles bronchus (bronchi) carbon dioxide cilia diaphragm epiglottis expiration

glottis hilum inspiration larynx lobe mediastinum nares oxygen palatine tonsil paranasal sinus parietal pleura

pharynx pleura pleural cavity pulmonary parenchyma respiration trachea visceral pleura Combining Form Meaning adenoid/o adenoids alveol/o alveolus, air sac

bronch/o bronchial tube bronchi/o bronchus bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus capn/ocarbon dioxide Combining Form Meaning coni/odust cyan/oblue epiglott/o epiglottis laryng/o larynx, voice box lob/o lobe of the lung

mediastin/o mediastinum Combining Form nas/o Meaning nose orth/ostraight, upright ox/o oxygen pector/o chest pharyng/o pharynx, throat phon/ovoice Combining Form phren/o Meaning

diaphragm pleur/o pleura pneum/o air, lung pneumon/o lung pulmon/o lung rhin/o nose Combining Form sinus/o Meaning sinus cavity spir/obreathing tel/o complete thorac/o chest

tonsill/o tonsils trache/o trachea, windpipe SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -ema condition -osmia smell -pnea breathing -ptysis spitting -sphyxia pulse -thorax pleural cavity, chest COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning

adenoid/o adenoids alveol/o alveolus; air sac; small sac bronch/o bronchial tube bronchi/o bronchial tube bronchiol/o bronchiole capn/o carbon dioxide COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning coni/o dust cyan/o blue epiglott/o epiglottis laryng/o larynx (voice box) lob/o lobe mediastin/o mediastinum COMBINING FORMS Combining Form nas/o Meaning

nose orth/o straight ox/o oxygen pector/o chest pharyng/o throat (pharynx) phon/o voice; sound COMBINING FORMS Combining Form phren/o Meaning diaphragm; mind pleur/o pleura pneum/o lung; air; gas

pneumon/o lung; air; gas pulmon/o lung rhin/onose COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning sinus/o sinus spir/o to breathe tel/o complete

thorac/o chest tonsill/o tonsil trache/o trachea (windpipe) SUFFIXES Suffix -ema Meaning condition -osmia smell -pnea breathing -ptysis spitting -sphyxia pulse -thorax

chest; pleural cavity Examples of Combining Forms Combining Form Meaning Terminology bucc/o cheek buccal mucosa celi/o belly, abdomen celiac dent/i

tooth dentibuccal esophag/o esophagus esophageal sialaden/o salivary gland sialadenitis Examples of Suffixes Suffix Meaning Terminology

-ase enzyme lipase -chezia defecation hematochezia -iasis abnormal condition choledocholithiasis -prandial meal postprandial

-ectasis, -emesis -lysis -pepsia -phagia -plasty -ptosis -ptysis -ectasia -rrhage, -rrhagia -rrhaphy -rrhea -spasm

-stasis -stenosis -tresia Suffixes that are also terms: emesis (emetic) lysis spasm stasis stenosis bucc/o cec/o celi/o cheil/o

chol/e cholangi/o cholecyst/o choledoch/o col/o colon/o dent/i duoden/o enter/o esophag/o gastr/o gingiv/o gloss/o gluc/o glyc/o hepat/o herni/o

ile/o jejun/o labi/o lingu/o lip/o lith/o odont/o or/o

palat/o pancreat/o proct/o pylor/o rect/o sialaden/o splen/o steat/o stomat/o

-ase -centesis remove fluid -chezia wastes -ectasia expansion -ectasis expansion -ectomy resection -emesis enzyme surgical puncture to defecation; elimination of stretching; dilation; stretching; dilation; removal; excision; vomiting

-graphy -iasis -lysis loosening -megaly -orexia -pathy -pepsia -phagia process of recording abnormal condition breakdown; separation;

destruction; enlargement appetite disease; emotion digestion eating; swallowing -prandial -plasty -ptosis -ptysis -rrhage -rrhagia -rrhaphy

-rrhea meal surgical repair droop; sag; prolapse; fall spitting bursting forth (of blood) bursting forth (of blood) suture flow; discharge -scopy -spasm

muscles -stasis -stenosis -stomy mouth) -tomy -tresia visual examination sudden contraction of stop; control; place tightening; stricture new opening (to form a process of cutting opening Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology GLANDS Combining Form

Meaning aden/ogland adren/o adrenal glands adrenal/o adrenal glands gonad/o sex glands (ovaries, testes) pancreat/o pancreas parathyroid/o parathyroid gland Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology

GLANDS Combining Form Meaning pituitar/o pituitary gland; hypophysis thyr/o thyroid gland thyroid/o thyroid gland Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology RELATED FORMS Combining Form

Meaning andr/o male calc/o, calici/o calcium cortic/o cortex, outer region crin/o secrete dips/o thirst estr/o female gluc/o, glyc/o

sugar Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology GLANDS Combining Form Meaning home/o sameness hormon/o hormone kal/I potassium (an electrolyte) lact/omilk

myx/o mucus natr/osodium (an electrolyte) Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology GLANDS Combining Form phys/o somat/o ster/o toc/o toxic/o ur/o Meaning

growing body solid structure childbirth position urine Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning

-agon assemble, gather together -emia blood condition -in, -ine a substance -tropin stimulating the function of -uria urine condition Combining Forms, Suffixes, Prefixes, and Terminology PREFIXES Prefix Meaning

eugood, normal hyper-excessive, above hypo- deficient, below oxy- rapid, sharp, acid pan- all tetra-four tri three COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning aden/o gland

adren/o adrenal glands adrenal/o adrenal glands andr/o male calc/o, calici/o calcium

cortic/o cortex, outer region COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning crin/o secrete dips/o third estr/o female gluc/o, glyc/o sugar gonad/o

sex glands (ovaries, testes) home/o sameness COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning hormon/o hormone kal/i potassium (an electrolyte) insulin/o insulin lact/omilk myx/o mucus natr/osodium (an electrolyte)

COMBINING FORMS Combining Form pancreat/o Meaning pancreas parathyroid/o parathyroid gland phys/ogrowing pituitar/o pituitary gland; hypophysis somat/o body ster/osolid structure or COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning

thyr/o thyroid gland thyroid/o thyroid gland toc/o childbirth toxic/o position ur/o urine SUFFIXES Suffix -agon Meaning assemble, gather together -emia blood condition -in, -ine a substance -tropin

stimulating the function of -uria urine condition PREFIXES Prefix Meaning eugood, normal hyper- excessive, above hypo- deficient, below oxyrapid, sharp, acid panall tetra- four trithree COMBINING FORMS alveol/o cac/o carcin/o

cauter/o chem/o cry/o cyst/o fibr/o follicul/o fung/i medull/o mucos/o mut/a mutagen/o onc/o papill/o pharmac/o plas/o ple/o polyp/o prot/o radi/o sarc/o scirrh/o

xer/o -blastoma -genesis -oma -plasia -plasm -suppression -therapy anaapobrachyepimetatele- GENERAL TERMS COMBINING FORMS Combining Form calc/ocalcium calci/o Meaning calcium kyph/oposterior curvature

in thoracic region lamin/o lamina lord/ocurve lumb/oloins, lower back GENERAL TERMS COMBINING FORMS Combining Form myel/o Meaning bone marrow orth/o straight oste/o bone scoli/o crooked spondyl/o vertebra

vertebr/o vertebra GENERAL TERMS SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -blastembryonic -clastto cell break -listhesis slipping -malacia softening -physis to grow -porosis pore, passage -tome instrument to cut

TERMS RELATED TO SPECIFIC BONES COMBINING FORMS Combining Form acetabul/o Meaning acetabulum (hip socket) calcane/o calcaneus (heal) carp/o carpals (wrist bones) clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone) cost/o ribs crani/o cranium (skull) TERMS RELATED TO SPECIFIC BONES COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

femor/o fibul/o bone) humer/o Meaning femur (thigh bones) fibula (smaller lower leg humerus (upper arm bone) ili/o ilium (upper part of pelvic bone) ischi/o ischium (part of pelvic bone) malleol/o malleolus TERMS RELATED TO SPECIFIC BONES COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

mandibul/o bone) Meaning mandible (lower jaw maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw bone) metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones) metatars/o bones) olecran/o metatarsals

olecranon (elbow) patell/o patella (kneecap) pelv/ipelvis (foot TERMS RELATED TO SPECIFIC BONES COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning perone/o fibula phalang/o phalanges (finger, toe bones)

pub/o pubis radi/oradius scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade) TERMS RELATED TO SPECIFIC BONES COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning stern/o sternum (breastbone) tars/o tibi/o uln/o

bone) tarsals tibia (shin bone) ulna (lower arm COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning ankyl/o stiff arthr/o joint articul/o joint

burs/o bursa chondr/o cartilage COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning ligament/o ligament rheumat/o watery flow

synov/o ten/o tendon tendin/o synovial membrane tendon SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -desis

to bind, tie together -stenosis narrowing Terminology Muscles COMBINING FORMS Combining Form fasci/o fibr/o leiomy/o my/o Meaning facia fibrous smooth muscle muscle Terminology Muscles

COMBINING FORMS Combining Form myocardi/o Meaning heart muscle myos/omuscle plant/o sole of the foot rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle connected to bones Terminology Muscles SUFFIXES Suffix

Meaning -asthenia lack of strength development, -trophy nourishment Terminology Muscles PREFIXES Prefix abaddorsipoly-

Meaning away from toward back many, much adnexa uteri amnion areola Bartholin

glands cervix chorion clitoris coitus corpus luteum

cul-de-sac embryo endometrium estrogen fallopian tube fertilization

fetus fimbriae follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) gamete genitalia

gestation gonad gynecology human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hymen labia

lactiferous ducts luteinizing hormone (LH) mammary papilla menarche menopause menstruation

myometrium neonatology obstetrics orifice ovarian follicle

ovary ovulation ovum parturition perineum pituitary gland

placenta pregnancy progesterone puberty uterine serosa uterus

vagina vulva zygote Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning amni/o

amnion cervic/o cervix, neck chori/o chorion chorion/o chorion colp/o vagina

Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form culd/o episi/o galact/o gynec/o female hyster/o Meaning cul-de-sac vulva milk woman, uterus, womb Terminology: Combining Forms,

Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning lact/o milk mamm/o breast mast/o breast men/o menses, menstruation metr/o

uterus Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form my/o myom/o nat/i obstetr/o o/o Meaning muscle muscle tumor

birth midwife egg Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form oophor/o ov/o ovari/o ovul/o perine/o Meaning

ovary egg ovary egg perineum Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes COMBINING FORMS Combining Form phor/o salping/o uter/o vagin/o vulv/o

Meaning to bear fallopian tubes uterus vagina vulva Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -arche -cyesis -gravida

-parous bring forth beginning pregnancy pregnancy to bear, Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes SUFFIXES Suffix -rrhea -salpinx -tocia -version turning

Meaning discharge uterine tube labor, birth act of Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes PREFIXES Suffix dysendoinintramulti- Meaning

painful within in within many Terminology: Combining Forms, Suffixes, and Prefixes PREFIXES Suffix nullipreprimiretro- Meaning no, not, none before first

backward COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning amni/o _________ cephal/o _________ cervic/o

_________ chori/o, chorion/o _________ colp/o _________ COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning amni/o amnion

cephal/o head cervic/o cervix, neck chori/o, chorion/o chorion colp/o vagina COMBINING FORMS Combining Form culd/o episi/o

galact/o gynec/o female hyster/o Meaning cul-de-sac vulva milk woman, uterus, womb COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

Meaning lact/o milk mamm/obreast mast/o breast men/o menses, menstruation metr/o uterus COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

my/o myom/o nat/i obstetr/o olig/o o/o Meaning muscle muscle tumor birth midwife scanty egg COMBINING FORMS Combining Form

oophor/o ov/o ovari/o ovul/o perine/o Meaning ovary egg ovary egg perineum COMBINING FORMS Combining Form Meaning

phor/o to bear py/o salping/o uter/o vagin/o vulv/o pus fallopian tubes uterus vagina vulva

SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -arche -cele hernia -cyesis pregnancy -ectasis stretching, dilation -ectomy removal, excision

beginning SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -flexion flexible -genesis producing; forming -gravida pregnancy -itis inflammation -pareunia sexual intercourse -parous to bear, bring

forth SUFFIXES Suffix -plasia Meaning development, formation -plasty surgical repair -ptosis dropping, sagging

-rrhagia bursting forth (blood) -rrhaphy suture SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -rrheadischarge -salpinx uterine tube -scopyvisual examination -stenosis tightening

-stomynew opening SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -tocia labor, birth process of -tomy cutting -tresia -version turning opening act of PREFIXES

Prefix bi- dysendoinintramulti- Meaning two painful within in within many

PREFIXES Prefix Meaning nullioxy- no, not, none swift, sharp peripre- surrounding before PREFIXES Prefix

Meaning primipseudo- first false retrouni- backward one

bulbourethral gland (Cowper gland) ejaculation ejaculatory duct epididymis (pl. epididymides) flagellum fraternal twins glans penis identical twins parenchyma penis perineum

prepuce (or foreskin) prostate gland scrotum semen seminal vesicle seminiferous tubules spermatozoon (pl. spermatozoa)

sterilization stroma testis (pl.: testes) testosterone vas deferens Combining Form Meaning andr/o male balan/o penis cry/o cold crypt/o hidden epididym/o epididymis gon/o seed hydr/o water, fluid orch/o, orchi/o, testis, testicle orchid/o

Combining Form pen/o prostat/o semin/i sperm/o terat/o test/o varic/o vas/o zo/o Meaning penis prostate gland semen, seed spermatozoa, semen monster testis, testicle varicose veins vessel duct

animal life SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -genesis formation -one -pexy fixation, put in hormone

place -stomynew opening Combining Form Meaning andr/o male balan/o glans penis cry/o cold crypt/o hidden epididym/o epididymis gon/o seed hydr/o water, fluid orch/o, orchi/o testis, testicle Combining Form Meaning

pen/o penis prostat/o prostate gland semin/i semen, seed sperm/o spermatozoa, semen terat/o monster test/o testis, testicle varic/o varicose veins vas/o vessel duct zo/o animal life SUFFIXES Suffix Meaning -genesis

formation -one -pexy fixation, put in hormone place -stomynew opening

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