Map Skills - OnCourse Systems

Map Skills - OnCourse Systems

Map Skills 7 Continents North America South

America 7 Continents Europe Africa

7 continents Asia Australia 7 Continents

Antarctica 4 Oceans Atlantic 4 Oceans Pacific

4 Oceans Indian 4 Oceans Arctic

Grid Pattern formed by lines of latitude and longitude on a map Latitude

Lines that run east and west on the map Measure

north and south Also called Parallels Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle, and Antarctic Circle Equator

0 degrees Splits the world in half to form the Northern and Southern Hemisphere Tropic of Capricorn and

Cancer Tropic of Capricorn- 23.6 degrees South Tropic of Cancer- 23.6 degrees North Between these two lines is where it

stays warm year round. Arctic and Antarctic Circles Arctic Circle- 68 degrees North Antarctic Circle- 68 degrees South

Shows where it stays frozen year round Longitude Lines that run north to south

Measures east and west Also called meridians Meridians run from the North Pole to the South Pole

Lines of Longitude Prime Meridian- 0 degrees International Date Line- 180 degrees imaginary line -Not straight

separates two consecutive calander days These two lines used together will split the world into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere Map Title

Subject of the map Usually located at the top of the map Map Key Also

called the legend Explains what the symbols on the map stand for Compass Rose Shows

direction on the map Cardinal directions- North, South, East, West Intermediate directions- Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest

Locator Small map or picture of the globe that shows the area on the main map Map Scale Shows

0 distance on the map miles

10 miles 20 miles Inset Map Small

map within a larger map Political Maps Show boundaries, cities, roads, etc. Human features

Physical Maps Show landforms and bodies of water Physical features

Regions Areas with features that make them different from other areas Examples:

Swamp Desert

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