LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY - Electric Reliability Council of Texas

LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY TRANSMISSION EXPANSION PROPOSED PROJECT ERCOT Regional Planning Group Submittal May 14, 2019 Project Map: STEC Proposal SAN MIGUEL LOBO CORPUS CHRISTI LAREDO BONILLA BROWNSVILLE UNION CARBIDE NEW DOUBLE CIRCUIT 345 kV LINE SAN MIGUEL to BONILLA to UNION CARBIDE STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 2

LRGV History The Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) has a long history of reliability and resilience issues as a load center on the edge of the ERCOT system away from major resources with limited transmission capability. Many transmission improvements have been implemented in the LRGV to improve the situation by attempting to keep up with customer requirements and changes. Each year the annual ERCOT Constraints and Needs Report continues to show significant South Texas/LRGV reliability related transmission constraints and congestion costs. Due to projected load growth and anticipated LNG load additions in the future, STEC performed reliability studies to assess the impact of the new load in the LRGV. 3 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 Overview: STEC Proposal STEC submitted a proposed project for transmission expansion into the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) for RPG review in May 2019. The project proposes to address expected reliability issues due to load growth in the LRGV and anticipated LNG load additions near Brownsville, TX from 2020 to 20221. Year 2020 2021

2022 Rio Grande LLC 200 400 600 Texas LNG 120 240 240 Annova LNG (STEC)1 135 270 405 Total Projected Load Total MW/yr 455 910 1,245 1,245 Project The proposed

STEC Option 1 project details areSummary the following: Cost Estimate ($) Project STEC Option 1 $511,400,000 Build new 175 mile, double circuit 345 kV transmission line from San Miguel to Bonilla Build new 43 mile, double circuit 345 kV transmission line from Bonilla to Union Carbide Add 2x 37.5 MVAR line reactors at San Miguel, on each circuit Add 2x 37.5 MVAR line reactors at Bonilla, on each circuit The Annova LNG load schedule is slightly outdated since the studies were performed. Annova now estimates 135 MW total by Q3 2023 and 405 MW total by Q3 2024. STEC Annova agreement has been provided to ERCOT. 1

STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 4 SubSynchronous Resonance Considerations In accordance with the ERCOT Nodal Protocols, Section 3.22.1.3(1), STEC conducted a SubSynchronous Resonance (SSR) topology check with the proposed STEC Option 1 project in place to determine if any SSR risk may be introduced by the project. There are three new 345 kV transmission paths with less than 14 outages to radial the San Miguel generator to the following series capacitors: Del Sol/Cenizo series capacitors (13 outages) North Edinburg series capacitors (13 outages) Rio Hondo series capacitors (13 outages) A system side frequency scan needed to determine SSR risk for the above conditions. The wind generator POIs in the study area impacted by the STEC Option 1 project do not have any new or minimal SubSynchronous Control Interaction (SSCI) vulnerability through the new topology introduced by the STEC Option 1 project. The new paths created from the Option 1 project are not considered the worst case for SSCI vulnerabilities for these wind sites. All the existing wind generators vulnerable to SSCI in the Lower Rio Grande Valley have SSCI mitigation in place. 5 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019

Study Assumptions STUDY STARTED IN EARLY 2018 BASE CASE LRGV LOAD LNG LOAD 2017RTP_2022_SUM_SSC_11222017 2,853 MW prior to LNG load addition 2018 ALDRs for AEP, BPUB, SHARYLAND & STEC Summer Peak Diversified 1,245 MW TRANSMISSION 1. Local transmission additions to serve the LNG load 2. AEP Stage 1 Upgrades for 2021 (under review by ERCOT) Lon Hill-Bessel 138kV line rebuild, dynamic reactive support, and shunt capacitor bank addition 3. Tier 4 project ID 6741 (Rate A change for Azteca Sub (8708)-SE Edinburg (8374) 138kV line) with effective date as May 2019 4. RTP projects: SE Edinburg (8374)-Pharr (5762) and North Edinburg (8380)-McColl Road (8908) 138 kV terminal equipment upgrade North McAllen (8368)-West McAllen (8367)-South McAllen (8371) 138 kV line upgrades North McAllen (8368)-North Edinburg (8380) 138 kV line upgrade GENERATION

Added all Proposed Generation meeting Planning Guide Section 6.9 as of ERCOT GIS Report April 2018 WIND DISPATCH 15% of capacity with full reactive support available 6 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 Study Area Assumptions Study Area STEC monitored all transmission facilities in, and connected to, the study area. STEC studied the following contingency categories in, and connected to, the study area:

Normal system condition (P0) N-1 conditions (P1, P2.1, P7/ERCOT1) X-1 + N-1 (X-1 is 345:138 kV Auto outages) G-1 + N-1 (N-1 includes P7/ERCOT1) N-1-1 (first N-1 for critical 345 kV line outages in the study area) P4 and P5 contingencies (stability only) 7 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 Steady State Study Results: AEP Proposal Steady State Study tested the AEP Option 3 proposed project from their January 2018 LRGV report. NSUBLH Ajo Bonilla 345 kV BOLD Transmission Line (2 x 1590 ACSR) SAN ANTONIO SAN MIGUEL

LOBO CORPUS CHRISTI BONILLA BROWNSVILLE UNION CARBIDE LAREDO Post-contingency thermal overloads remained. MANY RELIABILITY ISSUES REMAIN Constrains Transfers STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 8 Steady State Study Results: STEC Proposal Steady State Study found thermal overloads, low voltage violations, and several P1 (N-1) contingencies

that did not converge which indicates voltage collapse in the LRGV area. STEC Option 1 solved all low voltage violations and non-convergence issues. SAN ANTONIO Spruce to Pawnee SAN MIGUEL LOBO CORPUS CHRISTI LAREDO BONILLA BROWNSVILLE UNION CARBIDE Overload remained at Spruce - Pawnee.

MOST RELIABILITY ISSUES SOLVED 9 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 Stability Study Results Stability analysis identified transient voltage recovery violations, severe voltage collapse, and loss of synchronism of several conventional generators under P1, P3, P4, P5, and P6 contingency conditions with no additional transmission upgrades implemented to serve the full 1,245 MW of LNG load. Many stability issues remain with the AEP Option 3 project implemented. The STEC Option 1 proposed project resolved ALL the stability issues identified. COMPARISON OF TRANSIENT VOLTAGE RECOVERY VIOLATIONS Transient Voltage Recovery Violations No Violations STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 10 Additional STEC Project Advantages Adds an additional 345 kV transmission path to the LRGV. Adds resilience by reducing dependence on Laredo and Corpus Christi 345 kV power systems. About 80% of the project is away from the coast which reduces the risk of outages due to severe coastal weather events.

Increases transfer capability to and from South Texas and LRGV areas. Adds geographic diversity to the locations for future generation development 11 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 Study Conclusion: STEC Proposal STEC recommends a fourth 345 kV transmission path into the LRGV in order to serve the expected full LNG load additions of 1,245 MW near Brownsville by 2024. SAN MIGUEL LOBO CORPUS CHRISTI LAREDO BONILLA BROWNSVILLE UNION CARBIDE

The STEC Option 1 proposed project successfully resolves the reliability issues. RESOLVES RELIABILITY ISSUES AND INCREASES RESILIENCE 12 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019 QUESTIONS & DISCUSSION Thank You for your time and input. 13 STEC PROJECT PROPOSAL PRESENTATION TO ERCOT RPG 05/14/2019

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