Los Mandatos Afirmativos y Negativos: Commands + y
El Imperativo The forms of the Imperative are the same as the present subjunctive, except for the affirmative (+) t and vosotros forms. Is the same as the l/ella/Ud. form of the present indicative, or the t form without the s. Therefore, in the t + command, the vowel you see is the same vowel that is applied in the present indicative ending. -AR ends in a; -ER/IR ends in e.
HACER Haz PONER Pon SALIR Sal TENER Ten VENIR Ven DECIR Di IR Ve SER S VIN DIESEL HAS TEN WEAPONS *WITH ACCENT Follow SUBJUNCTIVE No + t form of the present subjunctive Habla no hables Come no comas
Escribe no escribas The commands for t negative, Ud. + and -, UDS. + and , NOSOTROS + and -: LOOK EXACTLY LIKE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE: T (no hables) Ud. + y (hable, no hable) Uds. + y (hablen, no hablen) Nosotros + y (hablemos, no Forms for the Imperative are the same in the Positve (+) and Negative (-) Tome un taxi, no tome el autobs! Doblen a la derecha, no doblen a
la izquierda! Caminemos en la acera, no caminemos en la calle! TOMAR T + T Ud. Uds. Nosotros COMER ESCRIBIR COMER TOMAR ESCRIBIR Come Escribe NO COMAS
NO ESCRIBAS COMA ESCRIBA Ustedes +/- TOMEN COMAN ESCRIBAN Nosotros+/- TOMEMOS COMAMOS ESCRIBAMOS T + Toma T Usted +/- NO TOMES
TOME For affirmative commands with reflexive verbs, the reflexive pronoun that corresponds to the subject (te, se, nos, se) is attached to the command form. When you attach the pronoun, you also need an accent, which is placed over the vowel 3 syllables from the end of the word. This is called the Triple A Procedure (AAA): Affirmative, Attach, Accent. Before attaching nos, drop the letter s
Levntate; Levntese; Levntense, Levantmonos The reflexive pronoun (te; se; nos; se) goes between no and the command form. Since nothing is being attached, no accent! No te levantes; no se levante; no se levanten; no nos levantemos Formula: No + pronoun + command Translate
VERB. to Lets + MEANING OF IRREGULAR!!!: IR Ir: + Vamos (Lets go) - No vayamos (Lets not go) Irse: Vmonos (Lets leave) No nos vayamos (Lets not leave) POSITIVE AR NEGATIVE ER IR AR ER
IR TU + A E E TU - NO ES NO AS NO AS Usted E A
A Usted _ NO E NO A NO A Uds. EN AN AN Uds. - NO
EN NO AN NO AN Nosotr os NO EMOS NO AMOS NO AMOS Nosotro s EMOS
AMOS AMOS POSITIVE TU + Ud. + **ACCENT** AR ER IR ate *** ete *** ete ***
ese *** ase *** ase *** Uds. + ense *** anse *** anse *** Nosotro s+ mono
s mono s mono s NEGATIVE AR ER IR TU - No te No te No te ES AS AS Ud. - No se No se No se
E A A Uds. - No se No se No se EN AN An Nosot ros - No nos EMO S No nos AMO S No
nos AMO S Stem changes apply in commands Follow the Subjunctive for Nosotros commands: No stem change for NOSOTROS COMMANDS for AR or -ER stem changers For IR: in the nosotros command E I or O U Irregularities in the SUBJUNCTIVE will be seen in commands, EXCEPT t +
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