LESSON 13 Asking Directions I

LESSON 13 Asking Directions I

Lesson 12 Ch fn Dining / / (y...y/du...b/mi)y...y/du...b/mi)) These structures are used to form an emphati)c negati)on meani)ng not at all or not even one. Subject + (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) + Measure Word + Object + / (y...y/du...b/mi)y/du) + / (y...y/du...b/mi)b/mi)) + Verb

Xi)o L y ge pngyou y mi)yu. Li)ttle Li) does not have a si)ngle fri)end. If the noun after (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) i)s countable, a proper measure word should be used between (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) and the noun.

Bba j) + Measure Word + nti)n y bi) ch du mi) h. My father di)dnt have a si)ngle cup of tea today. If the noun after (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) i)s countable, a proper measure word should be used between (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) and the noun.

Topi)c (y...y/du...b/mi)+ Subject) + (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) + Measure Word + / (y...y/du...b/mi)y/du) + / (y...y/du...b/mi)b/mi)) + Verb Zh xi) chnshn w y ji)n y b xhuan. I dont li)ke any of these shi)rts. If the noun after (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) i)s

countable, a proper measure word should be used between (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) and the noun. Gge de xi), ddi) y

shung du b nng chun. The younger brother cannot wear any of hi)s older brothers shoes. If the noun after (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) i)s countable, a proper measure word should be used between (y...y/du...b/mi)y) + Measure Word + ) and the noun. Subject + (y...y/du...b/mi)y di)nr) + Object + / (y...y/du...b/mi)y/du) + / (y...y/du...b/mi)b/mi)) + Verb

T q le shngdi)n, ksh y di)nr dngxi) y mi) mi). He went to the store, but he di)dnt buy anythi)ng at all. If the noun i)s uncountable, the phrase (y...y/du...b/mi)y di)nr) i)s usually used i)nstead.

Mma zu ci) y di)nr wi)j) + Measure Word + ng du b fng. Mom doesnt use any MSG i)n her cooki)ng. If the noun i)s uncountable, the phrase (y...y/du...b/mi)y di)nr) i)s usually used i)nstead.

The constructi)on (y...y/du...b/mi)ydi)nr) + / (y...y/du...b/mi)y/du) + (y...y/du...b/mi)b/mi)) can also be used before an adjecti)ve to express emphati)c negati)on. Zhr de dngti)n y di)nr y b lng. Wi)nter here i)s not cold at all.

N ge xuxi)o y di)nr y b pi)oli)ang. That school i)s not pretty at all. Zh bi) b) + Measure Word + ngch y di)nr du b hoh. Thi)s glass of i)ced tea doesnt taste good at all.

Adverb / (y...y/du...b/mi)du/sho) + V (y...y/du...b/mi)du) and (y...y/du...b/mi)sho) are two adjecti)ves whose usage i)s rather unusual. To express the i)dea of doi)ng somethi)ng more or less, one places (y...y/du...b/mi)du) or (y...y/du...b/mi)sho) before the verb.

Bba gosu mma zu ci) de shhou sho fng yn, du fng di)nr tng. Dad asked Mom to add less salt and more sugar when she cooks.

Shng Zhngwn k di) du shu Zhngwn, sho shu Y) + Measure Word + ngwn. In Chi)nese class, one should speak more Chi)nese and less Engli)sh. Thi)s / (y...y/du...b/mi)du/sho) + verb constructi)on can someti)mes denote a devi)ati)on from the correct amount or number.

N du zho le w y kui) qi)n. You gave me one dollar too many.

Losh) + Measure Word + shu yo xi) wsh ge z, w xi) le sshw ge, sho xi) le w ge. The teacher told us to wri)te fi)fty characters. I wrote forty-fi)ve. I was fi)ve short. (y...y/du...b/mi)gng) vs. (y...y/du...b/mi)gngci)) As an adverb, (y...y/du...b/mi)gng) denotes that the acti)on or change i)n si)tuati)on took place i)n the most recent past.

(y...y/du...b/mi)gngci)) i)s a noun that refers to the ti)me shortly before the act of speaki)ng. W gge gng cng Zhnggu li), zi) zhr y ge

pngyou du mi)yu. My older brother just came from Chi)na. He doesnt have a si)ngle fri)end here. W gng x wn zo, shfu j le. I just showered, and feel so great.

A: N zh) + Measure Word + do Wng Png zi) nr ma? Do you know where Wang Peng i)s?

B: T gngci) zi) zhr, w b zh) + Measure Word + dao t q nr le. He was here a moment ago. I dont know where he went.

Ddi) gngci) ch) + Measure Word + le shw ge ji)ozi), h le li)ng wn sunltng. My younger brother fi)ni)shed fi)fteen dumpli)ngs and two bowls of hot and sour soup a moment ago. Although (y...y/du...b/mi)gng) and (y...y/du...b/mi)gngci)) are si)mi)lar i)n meani)ng, they are classi)fi)ed as di)fferent parts of speech and are therefore used di)fferently.

(y...y/du...b/mi)gng) can be followed by an expressi)on that i)ndi)cates the durati)on of ti)me. T gng zu le li)ng ti)n. He left only two days ago.

Unli)ke (y...y/du...b/mi)gngci)), (y...y/du...b/mi)gng) cannot be followed by the negati)on words (y...y/du...b/mi)b) or (y...y/du...b/mi)mi)). A: N gngci) wi)shnme mi) shu? Why di)dnt you say i)t a moment ago.

B: W gngci) b xi)ng shu. I di)dnt want to say i)t a moment ago. A sentence that i)ncludes (y...y/du...b/mi)gngci)) often ends wi)th (y...y/du...b/mi)le)

A: N gngci) q nr le? Losh) + Measure Word + yo n q bngngsh zho t. Where were you a moment ago? The teacher wanted you to go to hi)s offi)ce.

B: W gngci) q tshgun le. I went to the li)brary. a sentence i)ncludi)ng (y...y/du...b/mi)gng) cannot have (y...y/du...b/mi)le) at the end

A: Mngti)n de ko sh n ki)sh zhnbi) le ma? Have you started prepari)ng for tomorrows test?

B: Gng ki)sh zhnbi). I just got started. Resultati)ve Complements Followi)ng a verb, an adjecti)ve or another verb can be used to denote the result of the acti)on, hence the term resultati)ve complement.

Xi)o bi)ci) mi) wn le. Baby bok choy i)s sold out.

N zho cu qi)n le. You gave me the i)ncorrect change. [ q) + Measure Word + ngchu, clear] ? N ge rn sh shi) n kn q) + Measure Word + ngchu le ma?

Di)d you see clearly who that person was? Ti) ho le, zh ge z n xi) du le. Great! You wrote thi)s character correctly.

Generally, the negati)ve form of a resultati)ve complement i)s formed by placi)ng (y...y/du...b/mi)mi), no, not) or (y...y/du...b/mi)mi)yu, have not) before the verb. Xi)o bi)ci) hi) mi) mi) wn. Baby bok choy i)s not sold out yet.

N ge rn w mi) kn q) + Measure Word + ngchu. I di)dnt see clearly who that person was.

Zogo, zh ge z n mi)yu xi) du. Yi)kes! You di)dnt wri)te thi)s character correctly. (y...y/du...b/mi)ho) as a Resultati)ve Complement (y...y/du...b/mi)ho) can serve as a complement followi)ng a verb, i)ndi)cati)ng the completi)on of an acti)on. It often i)ndi)cates readi)ness to start the next acti)on or event.

Fn zu ho le, kui) li) ch) + Measure Word + ba. The food i)s ready. Come and eat.

Gngk zu ho le, w yo shu ji)o le. My homework i)s done. I want to go to bed. , Y) + Measure Word + fu w yj) + Measure Word + ng bng n mi) ho le, mngti)n wnhu n ji) ky chun le. Ive already bought the dress for you. You can wear i)t

for the party tomorrow ni)ght. Redupli)cati)on of Adjecti)ves Some Chi)nese adjecti)ves can be redupli)cated. When monosyllabi)c adjecti)ves are redupli)cated, the accent usually falls on the second occurrence. When the redupli)cated monosyllabi)c adjecti)ve takes a r suffi) x, li)ke (y...y/du...b/mi)mn mnr, slow), i)ts second

occurrence i)s usually pronounced i)n the fi)rst tone, regardless what the adjecti)ves ori)gi)nal tone i)s. Redupli)cati)on of adjecti)ves often suggests an approvi)ng and appreci)ati)ve atti)tude on the speakers part. Redupli)cati)on of adjecti)ves usually does not appear i)n the negati)ve form. Wng Png go go

de, hn shui). Wang Peng i)s tall and handsome. Kl li)ng li)ng de, hn ho h. The cola i)s ni)cely chi)lled and tastes good.

Sunl tng sun sun de, l l de, fi)chng ho h. The hot and sour soup i)s a bi)t sour and a bi)t hot; i)t tastes great. The Verb (y...y/du...b/mi)li))

In colloqui)al expressi)ons, the verb (y...y/du...b/mi)li)) can serve as a substi)tute for certai)n verbs, mostly i)n i)mperati)ve sentences. The use of (y...y/du...b/mi)li)) i)s rather li)mi)ted. It i)s usually used i)n restaurants and stores, especi)ally when buyi)ng small thi)ngs or coaxi)ng someone to si)ng a song. A

Xi)nsheng, nmen xi)ng ch) + Measure Word + di)nr shnme? Si)r, what would you li)ke? B

Li) y pn tngcy, y wn sunltng, h y wn mfn. Gi)ve me a plate of sweet and sour fi)sh, a bowl of hot and sour soup, and a bowl of ri)ce, please. (y...y/du...b/mi)At a party, when someone has sung a song)

Zi) li) y ge! Encore! !

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