La France et La Francophonie France and the French-speaking world Unit 1 Franais 1A Why are we doing this? I can begin to make comparisons and contrasts between French culture and my own. Devoir-cloche (bellwork): Question Essentielle: Le
franais, est-il parl exclusivement en France? Sinon, o est-ce quon le parle dans le monde? (Is French only spoken in France? If not, where else in the world do they speak it?) First thing you have to know about France is. La motto franaise: Libert, Egalit, et Fraternit The French motto: Liberty (or Freedom), Equality, and
Brotherhood Et la prochaine? (And the next thing?) Lhymne nationale: La Marseillaise (the French National Anthem) Compose le 25 avril 1792 par Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (Composed on April 25, 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle)
Adopte par la Rpublique Franaise en 1795 en tant que lhymne nationale (Adopted by the French Republic in 1795 as the French National Anthem) (Received its name from the volunteer fighters from Marseille in the French Revolution who sang the song in the streets as they arrived in Paris*) Et voici La Marseillaise In this recording*, the singers perform four
verses of La Marseillaise in the following order: 1st, 7th,3rd, and 6th. *La Marseillaise performed by Jacques Gautier et al. from the album La Rvolution Franaise: Chants du Patrimoine La Marseillaise Allons enfants de la Patrie Le jour de gloire est arriv ! Contre nous de la tyrannie, L'tendard sanglant est lev. (bis) Entendez-vous dans les campagnes Mugir ces froces soldats? Ils viennent jusque dans vos bras. gorger vos fils, vos compagnes!
Aux armes, citoyens! Formez vos bataillons! Marchons, marchons! Qu'un sang impur Abreuve nos sillons! Arise children of the fatherland The day of glory has arrived! Against us tyranny's Bloody standard is raised (repeat) Do you hear in the countryside Roaring these ferocious soldiers? They are coming into our midst To cut the throats of our sons and our
companions! (husbands, wives) To arms citizens! Form your battalions! Lets march, lets march! May an impure blood Soak our furrows!* *Translation taken from the following two websites and improvised by author: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Marseillaise http://www.marseillaise.org/english/english.html La Fte Nationale - Jour de la Bastille
On July 14th, 1789, a group of around 600 Parisian citizens stormed the Bastille prison, which was a symbol of royal tyranny La Fte de la Fdration (known as Bastille Day in English) is Frances national independence day commemorating the overthrow of the French Monarchy during the French Revolution kicked off by the storming of the Bastille on July 14th.
Storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 http://www.titeparisienne.com/article-sur-les-traces -de-la-forteresse-108154341.html 14 juillet - Bastille Day in France Le gouvernement franais
Frances governmental structure is classified as a unitary semi-presidential republic; meaning a state whose three organs of state are governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature in which a prime minister and a president are both active participants in the day-to-day administration of the state that is not led by a hereditary monarch. France has a constitution and is governed by an elected president and prime minister who exercise their powers over the Assemble Nationale or the French Parliament and Le Snat or the Senate. The presidential elections for France occur once every five years, though it was formerly set up as a seven-year term. Presidents can serve multiple terms, either back-to-back or
non-consecutively. Le Prsident de la Rpublique Franois Hollande N: 12 aot 1954 lu Prsident de la Rpublique le 6 mai 2012 Install en office le 15 mai
2012 favors more liberal/socialist views of government never been married but has four children, at the time of his election was dating a French journalist named Valrie Trierweiler Loiseau nationale France has a national bird
Just like the United States has the eagle for its national bird The national bird of France is le Coq gaulois Symboles de la Rpublique Franaise Americans have Lady France
has Marianne Liberty http://www.web-libre.org/dossiers/marianne,3570.html Les Symboles de la Rpublique Franaise Flag National Emblem Le tricolore
Nickname of the French flag because of its three colors: red, white, and blue. Does the United States flag have a nickname? Yes, it does. What is it, do you think? The Star-Spangled Banner or Old Glory Les statistiques Began as an official country in A.D. 843 Capital City: Paris
Total Population: 66,991,000 GDP: 2.42 trillion (US dollars) (6th largest in the world) France is also part of the European Union and their currency is the Euro European Union Flag the Euro LHxagone
Total Area: 643,801 km Divided into 18 administrative regions (5 overseas), and 8 oversea collectivities (French Polynesia, Saint Pierre & Miquelon, Wallis & Futuna, Saint Martin, Saint Barthlemy, French Southern & Antarctic Lands, New Caledonia, and Clipperton Island) Les Regions de la France Nord-Pas de Calais-Picardie Normandie Bretagne Pays-dela-Loire Aquitaine-LimousinPoitou-Charentes Centre-Val-deLoire le-de-France AlsaceChampagne-Ardenne-Lorraine Bourgogne-Franche-Comt Auvergne-Rhne-Alpes Languedoc-Roussillon-MidiPyrnes Provence-Alpes-Cte d'Azur Corse Overseas regions: French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Runion Mayotte
Religion Statistics (OLD) France religiosity Christianity 53% Not religious 31% Islam 4% Buddhism 1.2% Judaism 1% Other religions or no opinion 10% 60
Christianity 50 Not rellgious 40 Islam 30 Buddhism 20
Judaism 10 0 percent of population Other religions or no opinion Religion Statistics (NEW!) French religiosity:
1. Christianity 45% 2. Not religious 35% 3. Other religions or no opinion 6% 4. Islam 3% 5. Buddhism 1% Famous Exports France, as you probably already know, is famous for three main exports: Did you know that there are over 450 types of cheese produced in France?
Dijon, France is famous for its vast array of mustards produced there each year. And yes, France is also famous for being producers of some of the worlds finest wines. 1. http://www.worldstopexports.com/frances-top-10-exports/ 2. http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/fra/ La Grande Boucle Le Tour de France is an international bicycle race completed in 20 stages
Considered to be the worlds most physically challenging bicycle race Finishes in Paris usually mid-July VIDEO: Les grands champions de la francophonie La Francophonie The French-speaking world La Francophonie Means the Frenchspeaking world
Is actually an international organization made up of all French-speaking nations of the world Check it out: www.francophonie.org Even has its own flag! La Francophonie French is spoken all over the world by anywhere between 200 to 300 million people in
approximately 84 countries Among the European countries that speak French include Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, and Luxembourg+ On the North American continent, French is one of two official languages in Canada.+ In the United States, French is the third most widely spoken language. In the state of Louisiana, two dialects of French, Cajun French and Creole French, are spoken.+ La Francophonie Haiti: French is an official language of Haiti, although it is mostly spoken by the upper class, while Haitian Creole (a French-based
Creole language) is more widely spoken as a mother tongue.+ French overseas territories: French is also the official language in France's overseas territories of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Barthlemy, St. Martin and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.+ Asia: French is a widely-spoken language in Lebanon along with Arabic; it is also an administrative language in the Asian countries of Laos and Cambodia, formerly held territories by the French. South Pacific: French is also a second official language of the Pacific Island nation of Vanuatu, along with France's territories of French Polynesia, Wallis & Futuna and New Caledonia.+ La Francophonie en Afrique+
French is an official language of many African countries, most of them former French or Belgian colonies:
Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo (Brazzaville) Cte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Equatorial Guinea (former colony of Spain) Gabon Guinea Madagascar Mali
Niger Rwanda Senegal Seychelles Togo In addition, French is an administrative language and commonly used though not on an official basis in Mauritius and in the Maghreb states:
Mauritania Algeria Morocco Tunisia.+ Fin Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France *http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Marseillaise +http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/French_language **For more information, view this insightful link:
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