Key Terms - The Byzantine Empire - All Hallows High School

Key Terms - The Byzantine Empire - All Hallows High School

Key Terms The Byzantine Empire Constantinople Justinian Justinians Code Heraclius Greek fire

Seljuk Turks Eastern Orthodox Christianity Patriarch Primacy Icons

Iconoclast Hagia Sophia Cyril and Methodius Kiev Constantinople Constantinople, in the year 330, became the center of a new empire after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The Byzantine Empire was built upon the wealth of Constantinople and control of neighboring territories.

Constantinople provided a good site for control of eastern and western trade Justinian (527-565) Justinian, upon becoming emperor, had three major goals he sought to accomplish. These goals would make him one of the best emperors of the Byzantine Empire. Goals were: Construct a comprehensive

legal code. Reconquer lost lands Beatify Constantinople Justinians Code Justinians Code comprehensive legal code that incorporated the laws of the roman Empire with those of the Roman Empire. Was broken into four parts: The Institutes instruction manual used to read the code The Digest collection of ideas that could be used to construct new laws.

The Novellae any laws created after 530 A.D. The Codex Justinian any laws written during the period of the Roman Empire Reconquest of Outer Territories Justinian would send out one of his best generals, Belisarius to recapture lost territory. The Byzantines would: Reacquire Italy, southern Spain Acquire the Balkans Acquire Western Asia Acquire Northern Africa

The Hagia Sophia As a part of Justinians beatification project, he asked for the largest church in the world to be built in Constantinople. The Hagia Sophia would be built also known as the Church of Holy Wisdom, used magnificent structures and a massive dome, would later be converted into a mosque.

Heraclius Heraclius led the Byzantines against invading foreign forces. Broke the empire into military districts generals were placed in control of each district. Soldiers who fought to defend the empire were given a grant of land provided extra motivation to defend their territory.

Greek Fire In the 8th century, the Arabs began to use their navy and land army in an attempt to invade Constantinople from two sides. The Byzantines made use of a new weapon to prevent the advance of the Arabs this invention was known as Greek fire mixture of sulfur, oil, and resin which would be fired from a tube and ignited or placed in

pouches and used as molotovs Eastern Orthodox Christianity Upon the establishment of the Byzantine Empire and the Edict of Milan, a new sect of Christianity was created in the East. This sect of Christianity was known as the Eastern Orthodox Church. Eastern Orthodox Beliefs The Eastern Orthodox faith differed from that of Roman Catholicism (western). Some of these ideas include: The patriarch as the head of the Eastern Orthodox

Church The lack of icons religious depictions Masses were said in Greek instead of Latin Patriarchs were dominated by emperors due to their abolition of the idea of primacy church leaders being above kings. The Great Schism (1054) A major division occurred within Christianity with the establishment of the Orthodox Church. As Christians made pilgrimages to Constantinople, many western Christians brought their icons. Citizens of Constantinople who were Orthodox Christians who did not believe in icons and chose to destroy those icons brought into the city.

These people who broke icons were known as iconoclasts people who break icons. The pope made decrees stating that icons were allowed anywhere Christians could travel the patriarch would refuse the papal orders and state that the pope held no power in Constantinople The pope would excommunicate (complete refusal of rites and removal from the church) the patriarch and the patriarch would do the same This event would set off a major split known as the Great Schism. Cyril and Methodius The Byzantines sent missionaries to many different areas in an attempt to spread Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

Two monks, Cyril and Methodius would be sent to Kiev the classical capital of Russia. Considering the people of Russia had no written language, Cyril and Methodius would create one based on the Slavic languages. The written language would be known as Cyrillic and would become the written language of Russia The Fall of Constantinople After numerous attempts to enter Constantinople by foreign

tribes, the Seljuk Turks would be successful in breaking through. Seljuk Turks eastern oriented Turks who would take up the mantle left by the Abbassids. The Seljuk Turks would invade and capture Constantinople in 1453. Constantinople would become Istanbul and also would become the Turkish capital. So Whats the Big Deal? The fall of Constantinople had incredible effects on

World History. It led to: A complete change of perspective in terms of trade with Asia countries in Europe now had to find new ways to arrive in Asia which would lead to the Age of Exploration. A reliance on a new trading system known as the Hanseatic League which involved north European city-states. The rise of new empires in Europe as a result of the new strength of the Hanseatic city-states and the Spanish and Portuguese colonial landholdings.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Diapositive 1 - CanalBlog

    Diapositive 1 - CanalBlog

    PROFESSION CONJOINT NOM DATE COTE Maître Tailleur d'habits Perrine Verger Gabeau Francois 30/10/1784 5e8/60 Ancienne dom Gabillard Madeleine 06/04/1762
  • A0 Vertical Poster - PosterSession

    A0 Vertical Poster - PosterSession

    We hope you find this template useful! This one is set up to yield an A0 (33.11x46.81") Vertical poster. We've put in the headings we usually see in these posters, you can copy and paste and change to your hearts...
  • River Landforms

    River Landforms

    hogback escarpment. is a long sharp ridge of a steeply dipping layer (or layers) of harder igneous or sedimentary rock. Surrounding, weaker rock has been eroded away, leaving a steep ridge of more resistant material.
  • Using Short Range Ensemble Model Data in National Fire ...

    Using Short Range Ensemble Model Data in National Fire ...

    Collection of different model solutions By changing the initial conditions, different forecast solutions are created SPC uses a 15 member ensemble from NCEP Consists of Eta, Eta KF, RSM models 48 km resolution Use of SREF output Ensemble forecasts first...
  • Crime and Court - American Government and Politics

    Crime and Court - American Government and Politics

    Crime and Court American Government Adversary System Adversary System An adversary system is a judicial system in which opposing lawyers present their strongest cases Presumption of Innocence In the United States our legal system is based on the presumption that...
  • What did we learn so far? 1. 2.

    What did we learn so far? 1. 2.

    PNG stands for Portable Network Graphics format To tell the browser which format the image is in, the file name should include one of these extensions: .gif, .png, .jpg, or .jpeg Making an Image Link
  • Puerto Rico Deployable Radar Network Design; Radar Design

    Puerto Rico Deployable Radar Network Design; Radar Design

    Puerto Rico Deployable Radar Network Design; Site Survey and Radar Design Jorge M.Trabal - M.S. Student José G. Colom - Ph.D. ... Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere Sample the lower atmosphere to precisely predict extreme weather events To observe,...
  • Class 18 - NAVSTAR GPS, GLONASS and Galileo

    Class 18 - NAVSTAR GPS, GLONASS and Galileo

    Lecture 22 - NAVSTAR GPS, GLONASS and Galileo 7 April 2009 GISC3325 NAVSTAR GPS NAVigation by Satellite Timing And Ranging (NAVSTAR) NAVSTAR GPS Satellite Orbits Satellite Characteristics All data transmitted by the satellite based on a fundamental frequency generated by...