Introduction to the N.C. Department of Labor OSH Division

Introduction to the N.C. Department of Labor OSH Division

Walking - Working Surfaces 29 CFR Part 1910 Subpart D Presented by: ETTA Bureau, (919) 807-2875 This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. - Definitions - General requirements Objectives 29 CFR 1910, Subpart D - Ladders - Step bolts and manhole steps - Stairways

- Dockboards - Scaffolds and rope descent systems - Duty to have fall protection - Fall protection systems and flying object protection - Training requirements This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21 Anchorage - Secure point of attachment for equipment such as lifelines, lanyards, deceleration devices, and

rope descent systems NCDOL Photo Library Guardrail system - Barrier erected along an unprotected or exposed side, edge, or other area of a walking-working surface to prevent employees from falling to a lower level This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21

Handrail - Rail used to provide employees with a handhold for support Hole - Gap or open space in a floor, roof, horizontal walking working surface, or similar surface that is at least 2 inches in its least dimension This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21

Ladder safety system - System designed to eliminate or reduce the possibility of falling from a ladder Carrier Safety sleeve Lanyard Connectors Body harness This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Note: Cages and wells are not ladder safety systems Definitions

1910.21 Opening - Gap or open space in a wall, partition, vertical walking - working surface, or similar surface that is at least 30 inches high and at least 18 inches wide, through which an employee can fall to a lower level This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21

Personal fall arrest system NCDOL Photo Library - System used to arrest an employee in a fall from a walking - working surface NCDOL Photo Library NCDOL Photo Library - Consists of a body harness, anchorage, and connector - Means of connection may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or a suitable combination

of these This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21 Personal fall protection system - System (including all components) an employer uses to provide protection from falling or to safely arrest an employees fall if one occurs Personal fall arrest systems Positioning systems

Travel restraint systems This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21 Platform - Walking - working surface that is elevated above the surrounding area Positioning system - System of equipment and connectors that, when used with a body harness or body belt, allows an employee to be supported on an elevated vertical

surface, such as a wall or window sill, and work with both hands free This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21 Rope descent system - Suspension system that allows an employee to descend in a controlled manner and, as needed, stop at any point during the descent Roof anchorage Support rope

Descent device Carabiner(s) or shackle(s) Chair (seatboard) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Definitions 1910.21 Travel restraint system - Combination of an anchorage, anchorage connector, lanyard (or other means of connection), and body support that an employer uses to eliminate the possibility of an employee going over the edge of a

walking - working surface Warning line - Barrier erected to warn employees that they are approaching an unprotected side or edge, and which designates an area in which work may take place without the use of other means of fall protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. General Requirements 1910.22(a)(1)-(3) Surface conditions - All places of employment, passageways,

storerooms, service rooms, and walking-working surfaces are kept in a clean, orderly, and sanitary condition This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. General Requirements 1910.22(a)(1)-(3) - Floors of each workroom are maintained in a clean and dry condition When wet processes are used, drainage must be maintained and, to the extent feasible, dry standing places, such as false floors, platforms, and mats must be provided

- Maintained free of hazards such as sharp or protruding objects, loose boards, corrosion, leaks, spills, snow, and ice This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. General Requirements 1910.22(a)(1)-(3) Clean, orderly, and sanitary condition? This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

General Requirements 1910.22(b) Loads - Each walking-working surface must be able to support the maximum intended load for that surface Access and egress - Employer must provide, and ensure each employee uses, a safe means of access and egress to and from walking - working surfaces This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

General Requirements 1910.22(d) Inspection, maintenance and repair - Surfaces are inspected regularly and maintained in safe condition - Hazardous conditions are corrected or repaired before an employee uses the surface again If correction or repair cannot be made immediately, hazard must be guarded to prevent employees from using the surface until hazard is corrected or repaired; and - When any correction or repair involves the structural integrity of the walking - working surface, a qualified person performs or supervises correction or repair This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Ladders 1910.23(a) Application - Employer must ensure that each ladder meets requirements of this section - Covers all ladders, except when the ladder is: Used in emergency operations (firefighting, rescue, and tactical law enforcement operations) or training for these operations Designed into or is an integral part of machines or equipment This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Ladders 1910.23(b) General requirements - Must meet the technical and dimensional standards as listed in this section NCDOL Photo Library - Are used only for the purposes for which they were designed

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Ladders - Ladders are inspected before initial use in each work shift, and more frequently as necessary, to identify any visible defects that could cause employee injury 1910.23(b)(9) NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Ladders 1910.23(b)(10) - Any ladder with structural or other defects is immediately tagged Dangerous: Do Not Use or with similar language and removed from service until repaired or replaced This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Ladders - Each employee faces ladder

when climbing up or down it 1910.23(b)(11)-(13) Improper Ladder Use - Each employee uses at least one hand to grasp ladder when climbing up and down it - No employee carries any object or load that could cause them to lose balance and fall while climbing up or down ladder NCDOL Photo Library

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c) Must meet design standards Not loaded beyond maximum intended load - Maximum intended load includes total load (weight and force) of employee and all tools, equipment and materials being carried This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(4)-(6) Used only on stable and level surfaces unless they are secured or stabilized to prevent accidental displacement Single rail ladders are not to be used No ladder is moved, shifted, or extended while an employee is

on it NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(7) Ladders placed in locations such as passageways, doorways, or driveways where they can be displaced by other activities or traffic: - Are secured to prevent accidental displacement; or

- Are guarded by a temporary barricade, such as a row of traffic cones or caution tape, to keep t activities or traffic away from ladder This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(8)-(10) Cap and top step of a stepladder are not used as steps When used on slippery surfaces, are secured and stabilized

Top of a non-self-supporting ladder is placed so that both side rails are supported, unless ladder is equipped with a single support attachment This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(11) When used to gain access to an upper landing surface must have side rails that extend at

least 3 feet above the upper landing surface This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(12) Ladders and ladder sections are not tied or fastened together to provide added length unless they are specifically designed for such use

NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders 1910.23(c)(13) Not placed on boxes, barrels, or other unstable bases to obtain additional height NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Portable Ladders Base placed a distance from the vertical wall equal to one- fourth the working length of the ladder This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders Are capable of supporting 1910.23(d) NCDOL Photo Library their maximum intended load

Meet all design specifications listed in the standard Side rails of through or side- step ladders extend 42 inches above top of access level or landing platform served by ladder This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Mobile Ladder Stands/Platforms1910.23(e) Meet all design specifications as listed in standard

Capable of supporting at least four times intended load Those equipped with wheels or casters are designed with system to impede horizontal movement when an employee is on stand or platform so it does not move when an employee is on it This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Design 1910.23(e)(3) Mobile ladder stand platforms with platform height of 4

to 10 feet have, in the platform area, handrails with a vertical height of at least 36 inches and midrails All ladder stand platforms with a platform height above 10 feet have guardrails and toeboards on the exposed sides and ends of platform Removable gates or non-rigid members, such as chains, may be used on mobile ladder stand platforms instead of handrails and guardrails in special-use applications This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Step Bolts

1910.24(a) Installed on or after January 17, 2017 - In an environment where corrosion may occur is constructed of, or coated with, material that protects against corrosion - Is capable of supporting at least four times the intended load Installed before January 17, 2017 - Is capable of supporting its maximum intended load This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Step Bolts 1910.24(a) Are designed and installed according to the requirements listed in the standard Are uniformly spaced Are inspected at the start of the workshift and maintained in accordance with the standard This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Step Bolts

1910.24(a)(9) Any step bolt that is bent more than 15 degrees from the perpendicular in any direction is removed and replaced with a step bolt that meets the requirements of this section before an employee uses it This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Manhole Steps 1910.24(b) Must be capable of supporting the maximum

intended load Must be inspected at the start of the work shift and is properly maintained Must meet the design specifications as listed in the standard This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Stairways 1910.25(a) Application

- Covers all stairways (including standard, spiral, ship, and alternating tread-type stairs), except for stairs serving floating roof tanks, stairs on scaffolds, stairs designed into machines or equipment, and stairs on self-propelled motorized equipment NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Stairways General requirements - Handrails, stair rail systems, and guardrail systems are provided

as required by the standard 1910.25(b) NCDOL Photo Library > 68 - Vertical clearance above any stair tread to any overhead obstruction is at least 6 feet, 8 inches as measured from leading edge of tread (except for spiral stairs) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Stairways

1910.25(b) - Stairs have uniform riser heights and tread depths between landings - Stairway landings and platforms are at least the width of stair and at least 30 inches in depth, as measured in direction of travel - Spiral, ship, or alternating tread-type stairs are used only when employer can demonstrate that its not feasible to provide standard stairs NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Standard Stairs 1910.25(c) Are installed at angles between 30 to 50 degrees Have a maximum riser height of 9.5 inches (installed after January 17, 2017)* Have a minimum tread depth of 9.5 inches (installed after January 17, 2017)* Have a minimum width of 22 inches between vertical barriers This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Industrial Stairs Angle of stairway rise - Fixed stairs shall be installed at angles to the horizontal of between 30 degrees and 50 degrees NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Spiral Stairs 1910.25(d)

Have minimum clear width of 26 inches Have maximum riser height of 9.5 inches Have minimum headroom above spiral stair treads of at least 6 feet, 6 inches, measured from leading edge of tread Have minimum tread depth of 7.5 inches, measured at a point 12 inches from narrower edge Have uniform tread size This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Ship Stairs 1910.25(e)

Are installed at a slope of 50 to 70 degrees Have open risers with a vertical rise between tread surfaces of 6.5 to 12 inches Have minimum tread depth of 4 inches Have minimum tread width of 18 inches This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Alternating Tread-Type Stairs 1910.25(e) Have a series of treads installed at a slope of

50 to 70 degrees from the horizontal Have a distance between handrails of 17 to 24 inches Have minimum tread depth of 8.5 inches Have open risers if tread depth is less than 9.5 inches Have minimum tread width of 7 inches measured at leading edge of tread This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Stairs, Ramps and Ladders 1910.25(e)

Angles for stairs, ramps and ladders This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Dockboards 1910.26(a)-(b) Capable of supporting maximum intended load Put into initial service on or after January 17, 2017 - Designed, constructed, and maintained to prevent transfer vehicles from running off dockboard edge Exception: When employer demonstrates

there is no hazard of transfer vehicles running off dockboard edge, employer may use dockboards that do not have run-off protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Dockboards 1910.26(c) Portable dockboards are secured by anchoring them in place or using equipment or devices that prevent dockboard from moving out of safe position When employer demonstrates that securing

dockboard is not feasible, employer must ensure there is sufficient contact between dockboard and surface to prevent dockboard from moving out of safe position This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Dockboards 1910.26(d)-(e) Measures, such as wheel chocks or sand shoes, are used to prevent transport vehicle (e.g.; a truck, semi-trailer, trailer, or rail car) on which a dockboard is placed, from moving

while employees are on dockboard Portable dockboards are equipped with handholds or other means to permit safe handling of dockboards This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Scaffolds 1910.27(a) Regardless of use, all scaffolds are now regulated by the Construction Standard for scaffolds

Scaffolds must meet the requirements detailed in 29 CFR Part 1926, Subpart L (Scaffolds) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Rope Descent Systems 1910.27(b)(1)(i) Anchorages - Prior to use, building owner must inform employer in writing, that building owner has identified, tested, certified, and maintained each anchorage so its capable of supporting at least 5,000 pounds, in any

direction, for each employee attached - Information must be based on an annual inspection by qualified person and certification of each anchorage by qualified person as necessary, and at least every 10 years This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Anchorages 1910.27(b)(1)(ii) - Employer must ensure that no employee uses any anchorage before employer has obtained written information from building owner that each anchorage meets requirements of this section Employer must keep information for job duration

Note: Requirements in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section must be implemented no later than November 20, 2017 This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Use of Rope Descent Systems 1910.27(b)(2) No system is used for heights greater than 300 feet above grade unless employer demonstrates that its not feasible to access such heights by any other means or that those means pose a greater hazard than using a rope descent system Rope descent system is used in accordance with instructions, warnings, and design limitations set by

manufacturer or under direction of qualified person Each employee who uses rope descent system is trained in accordance with 1910.30 (Training Requirements) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Use of Rope Descent Systems 1910.27(b)(2) Inspected at start of each workshift that its to be used - Employer must ensure damaged or defective equipment is removed from service immediately and replaced Has proper rigging, including anchorages and tiebacks, with particular emphasis on providing tiebacks when counterweights, cornice hooks, or similar nonpermanent anchorages are used

Each employee uses a separate, independent personal fall arrest system (PFAS) that meets requirements of Subpart I (Personal Protective Equipment) of this part (1910) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Use of Rope Descent Systems 1910.27(b)(2) All components, except seat boards, are capable of sustaining minimum rated load of 5,000 pounds - Seat boards must be capable of supporting a live load of 300 pounds Prompt rescue is provided in event of a fall Ropes are effectively padded or otherwise protected,

where they can contact edges of building, anchorage, obstructions, or other surfaces, to prevent them from being cut or weakened This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Use of Rope Descent Systems 1910.27(b)(2) Ropes are protected from exposure to open flames, hot work, corrosive chemicals, and other destructive conditions Stabilization is provided at specific work location when descents are greater than 130 feet No employee uses a system when hazardous weather

conditions, such as storms or gusty or excessive wind, are present Equipment, such as tools, squeegees, or buckets, is secured by tool lanyard or similar method to prevent it from falling This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Duty to Have Fall Protection and Falling Object Protection 1910.28(a)(1) General

- Employers must provide protection for each employee exposed to fall and falling object hazards. - Employer must ensure that all fall protection and falling object protection required by this section meet the criteria in 1910.29 (Fall Protection Systems and Falling Object Protection Criteria and Practices) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Duty to Have Fall Protection and Falling Object Protection 1910.28(a)(2) This section does not apply:

- To portable ladders - When employers are inspecting, investigating, or assessing workplace conditions or work to be performed prior to the start of work or after all work has been completed. - To fall hazards presented by the exposed perimeters of entertainment stages and the exposed perimeters of rail-station platforms This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Duty to Have Fall Protection and Falling Object Protection 1910.28(a)(2)

- To powered platforms covered by 1910.66(j) - To aerial lifts covered by 1910.67(c)(2)(v) - To telecommunications work covered by 1910.268(n)(7) and (8) - To electric power generation, transmission, and distribution work covered by 1910.269(g)(2)(i) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Protection From Fall Hazards 1910.28(b)(1)(i) Unprotected sides and edges - Employer must ensure that each employee on a walking - working surface with an unprotected side or edge that is 4 feet or more above a lower level is protected from falling by one or more of the following:

Guardrail systems Safety net systems Personal fall protection systems (such as personal fall arrest, travel restraint, or positioning systems) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Unprotected Sides and Edges 1910.28(b)(1)(i) - When employer can demonstrate that it is not feasible or creates a greater hazard to use guardrail, safety net, or personal fall protection systems on residential roofs, employer must develop and implement a fall protection plan This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Unprotected Sides and Edges 1910.28(b)(1)(i) Is this correct? NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Unprotected Sides and Edges 1910.28(b)(1)(i) Is this correct? No Stair rails and standard railing needed NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Unprotected Sides and Edges 1910.28(b)(1)(i) - When the employer can demonstrate that use of fall protection systems is not feasible on working side of a platform used at loading rack, loading dock, or teeming platform, the work may be done without a fall protection system, provided: Work operation for which fall protection is infeasible is in process Access to platform is limited to authorized employees Authorized employees are trained in accordance with 1910.30 (Training Requirements) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Holes 1910.28(b)(3) Employees must be protected from falling through any hole (including skylights) that is 4 feet or more above a lower level by one or more of the following: - Covers - Guardrail systems - Travel restraint systems - Personal fall arrest systems Employees must be protected from tripping into or stepping into or through any hole that is less than 4 feet above a lower level by covers or guardrail systems

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Holes 1910.28(b)(3)(iii) Employees protected from falling into a stairway floor hole by a fixed guardrail system on all exposed sides, except at the stairway entrance For any stairway used less than once per day where traffic across stairway floor hole prevents use of a fixed guardrail system (e.g.; holes located in aisle spaces), employees may be protected from falling into hole by

using hinged floor hole cover and removable guardrail system on all exposed sides, except at entrance to stairway This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Holes 1910.28(b)(3)(iv) Each employee protected from falling into a ladderway floor hole or ladderway platform hole by a guardrail system and toeboards erected on all exposed sides, except at entrance to hole, where a self-closing gate or an offset must be

used This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Holes 1910.28(b)(3)(v) Employees protected from falling through a hatchway and chute-floor hole by: - Hinged floor-hole cover and fixed guardrail system that leaves only one exposed side When hole is not in use, employer must ensure cover is closed or a removable guardrail system is provided on exposed sides

- Removable guardrail system and toeboards on not more than two sides of hole and fixed guardrail system on all other exposed sides Must ensure removable guardrail system is kept in place when hole is not in use - A guardrail system or a travel restraint system when a work operation necessitates passing material through a hatchway or chute floor hole This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Dockboards 1910.28(b)(4)(i)-(ii)

Employer must ensure that each employee on a dockboard is protected from falling 4 feet or more to a lower level by a guardrail system or handrails Guardrail system or handrails are not required when: - Dockboards are being used solely for materials-handling operations using motorized equipment - Employees engaged in these operations are not exposed to fall hazards greater than 10 feet Employees have been trained in accordance with 1910.30 (Training Requirements) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Runways/Similar Walkways

1910.28(b)(5) Employer must ensure each employee on a runway or similar walkway is protected from falling 4 feet or more to a lower level by a guardrail system When employer can demonstrate that its not feasible to have guardrails on both sides of a runway used exclusively for a special purpose, employer may omit the guardrail on one side of runway, provided employer ensures: - Runway is at least 18 inches wide - Each employee is provided with and uses a personal fall arrest system or travel restraint system This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Dangerous Equipment 1910.28(b)(6)(i)(ii) Each employee less than 4 feet above dangerous equipment is protected from falling into or onto dangerous equipment by a guardrail system or a travel restraint system, unless equipment is covered or guarded to eliminate hazard Each employee 4 feet or more above dangerous equipment must be protected from falling by: - Guardrail systems - Safety net systems

- Travel restraint systems - Personal fall arrest systems This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Dangerous Equipment 1910.28(b)(6) NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Openings

1910.28(b)(7) Employer must ensure that each employee on a walking - working surface near an opening is protected from falling by use of: - Guardrail systems - Safety net systems - Travel restraint systems - Personal fall arrest systems This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Repair, Service, & Assembly Pits 1910.28(b)(8)

Use of a fall protection system is not required for a repair pit, service pit, or assembly pit that is less than 10 feet deep, provided the employer: - Limits access within 6 feet of edge of the pit to authorized employees trained in accordance with 1910.30 (Training Requirements) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Repair, Service, & Assembly Pits 1910.28(b)(8)

Applies floor markings at least 6 feet from edge of the pit; or Places a warning line at least 6 feet from edge of the pit as well as stanchions; or Places a combination of floor markings and warning lines at least 6 feet from edge of the pit This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders 1910.28(b)(9)(i)

That extend more than 24 feet above a lower level - Existing fixed ladders Each fixed ladder installed before November 19, 2018 is equipped with a personal fall arrest system, ladder safety system, cage, or well - New fixed ladders Each fixed ladder installed on and after November 19, 2018, is equipped with a personal fall arrest system or a ladder safety system This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders

1910.28(b)(9)(i) - Replacement When a fixed ladder, cage, or well, or any portion of a section thereof, is replaced, a personal fall arrest system or ladder safety system is installed in at least that section of the fixed ladder, cage, or well where replacement is located - Final deadline On and after November 18, 2036, all fixed ladders are equipped with a personal fall arrest system or a ladder safety system This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders

1910.28(b)(9)(i) - Final deadline When a one-section fixed ladder is equipped with a personal fall protection or ladder safety system or a fixed ladder is equipped with a personal fall arrest or ladder safety system on more than one section, employer must ensure: Personal fall arrest system or ladder safety system provides protection throughout entire vertical distance of ladder, including all ladder sections Ladder has rest platforms provided at maximum intervals of 150 feet This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders

1910.28(b)(9)(iii) - Employer must ensure ladder sections having a cage or well Are offset from adjacent sections Have landing platforms provided at maximum intervals of 50 feet - Employer may use a cage or well in combination with a personal fall arrest system or ladder safety system provided that the cage or well does not interfere with operation of the system This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Outdoor Advertising

(Billboards) 1910.28(b)(10) When an employee engaged in outdoor advertising climbs a fixed ladder before November 19, 2018 that is not equipped with a cage, well, personal fall arrest system, or a ladder safety system, employer must ensure the employee: - Receives training and demonstrates physical capability to perform necessary climbs in accordance with 1910.29(h) - Wears a body harness equipped with an 18-inch rest lanyard - Keeps both hands free of tools or material when climbing on ladder - Is protected by a fall protection system upon reaching work position

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Stairways 1910.28(b)(11)(i)-(iii) Employer must ensure: - Each employee exposed to an unprotected side or edge of a stairway landing, that is 4 feet or more above a lower level, is protected by a guardrail or stair rail system - Each flight of stairs, having at least 3 treads and at least 4 risers, is equipped with stair rail systems and handrails per Table D-2 Stairway Handrail Requirements

- Each ship stairs and alternating tread type stairs is equipped with handrails on both sides This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Table D - 2 1910.28(b)(11)(ii) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Scaffolds and Rope Descent Systems 1910.28(b)(12)

Each employee on a scaffold is protected from falling in accordance 29 CFR part 1926, Subpart L Each employee using a rope descent system 4 feet or more above a lower level is protected from falling by a personal fall arrest system This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Work on Low-Slope Roofs 1910.28(b)(13) When work is performed less than 6 feet from roof edge,

employer must ensure each employee is protected from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system When work is performed at least 6 feet but less than 15 feet from the roof edge, employer must ensure each employee is protected from falling by using a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system - Employer may use a designated area when performing work that is both infrequent and temporary This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Work on Low-Slope Roofs

1910.28(b)(13) When work is performed 15 feet or more from roof edge, employer must: - Protect each employee from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, travel restraint system, or personal fall arrest system or a designated area Employer is not required to provide any fall protection, provided work is both infrequent and temporary - Implement and enforce a work rule prohibiting employees from going within 15 feet of roof edge without using fall protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Slaughtering Facility Platforms 1910.28(b)(14)(i) Employer must protect each employee on unprotected working side of a slaughtering facility platform that is 4 feet or more above a lower level from falling by using: - Guardrail systems, or - Travel restraint systems This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Slaughtering Facility Platforms 1910.28(b)(14)(ii)

When employer can demonstrate use of a guardrail or travel restraint system is not feasible, work may be done without those systems provided: - Work operation for which fall protection is infeasible is in process - Access to platform is limited to authorized employees, and - Authorized employees are trained in accordance with 1910.30 (Training Requirements) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Surfaces Not Otherwise Addressed 1910.28(b)(15) Employer must ensure each employee on a

walking - working surface 4 feet or more above a lower level is protected from falling by: - Guardrail systems, - Safety net systems, or - Personal fall protection systems (such as personal fall arrest, travel restraint, or positioning systems) This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Protection From Falling Objects 1910.28(c) When an employee is exposed to falling objects, employer must ensure that each employee

wears head protection In addition, employer must protect employees from falling objects by implementing one or more of the following: - Erecting toeboards, screens, or guardrail systems - Erecting canopy structures, or - Barricading the area This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fall Protection Systems and Falling 1910.29(a) Object Protection General requirements - Ensure each fall protection system and falling object

protection meets OSHA standard requirements, and - Provide and install all fall protection systems and falling object protection and comply with other OSHA standard requirements before any employee begins work that necessitates fall or falling object protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(1) Top edge height of top rails, or equivalent guardrail system members, are 42 inches, plus or minus 3 inches, above the walking - working surface

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(2) Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members or solid panels are installed between walking - working surface and top edge of guardrail system when there is not a wall or parapet that is at least 21 inches high as follows: - Midrails are installed at a height midway between top edge of the guardrail system and walking - working surface - Screens and mesh extend from walking - working surface to top rail and along the entire opening between top rail supports

- Intermediate vertical members (such as balusters) are installed no more than 19 inches apart; and - Other equivalent intermediate members (such as additional midrails and architectural panels) are installed so that openings are not more than 19 inches wide This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(3)-(4) Guardrail systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 200 pounds applied in a downward or outward direction within 2 inches of top edge, at any point along

the top rail When the 200-pound test load is applied in a downward direction, top rail of guardrail system must not deflect to a height of less than 39 inches above walking - working surface This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(5)-(6) Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, and other equivalent intermediate members are capable of withstanding,

without failure, a force of at least 150 pounds applied in any downward or outward direction at any point along the intermediate member Guardrail systems are smooth-surfaced to protect employees from injury, such as punctures or lacerations, and to prevent catching or snagging of clothing This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(7)-(9) Ends of top rails and midrails do not overhang

the terminal posts, except where overhang does not pose a projection hazard for employees Steel banding and plastic banding are not used for top rails or midrails Top rails and midrails are at least 0.25-inches in diameter or in thickness This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(10) When guardrail systems are used at hoist areas, a

removable guardrail section, consisting of a top rail and midrail, are placed across the access opening between guardrail sections when employees are not performing hoisting operations Employer may use chains or gates instead of a removable guardrail section at hoist areas if employer demonstrates the chains or gates provide a level of safety equivalent to guardrails This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. What is the requirement here? NCDOL Photo Library

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(11)-(12) When guardrail systems are used around holes, they are installed on all unprotected sides or edges of hole For guardrail systems used around holes through which materials may be passed: - When materials are being passed through the hole, not more than two sides of guardrail system are removed; and - When materials are not being passed through the hole, it

must be guarded by a guardrail system along all unprotected sides or edges or closed over with a cover This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Guardrail Systems 1910.29(b)(13) When guardrail systems are used around holes that serve as points of access (such as ladderways), the guardrail system opening: - Has a self-closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and midrail or equivalent intermediate member that meets requirements in paragraph (b) of this section; or

- Is offset to prevent an employee from walking or falling into hole This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Safety Net Systems 1910.29(c) Employer must ensure each safety net system meets the requirements in 29 CFR part 1926, Subpart M. Safety nets are not commonly used in General Industry applications

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Designated Areas 1910.29(d)(1) When employer uses a designated area, employer must ensure: - Employees remain within designated area while work operations are underway; and - Perimeter of designated area is delineated with a warning line consisting of a rope, wire, tape, or chain that meets requirements of this section

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Designated Areas 1910.29(d)(2) Employer must ensure each warning line: - Has a minimum breaking strength of 200 pounds - Is installed so its lowest point, including sag, is not less than 34 inches and not more than 39 inches above the surface - Is supported in such a manner that pulling on one section of the line will not result in slack being taken up in adjacent sections causing the line to fall below the limits specified in this section

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Designated Areas 1910.29(d)(2) - Is clearly visible from a distance of 25 feet away, and anywhere within the designated area - Is erected as close to the work area as the task permits; and - Is erected not less than 6 feet from the roof edge for work that is both temporary and infrequent, or not less than 15 feet for other work This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Designated Areas 1910.29(d)(3) When mobile mechanical equipment is used to perform work that is both temporary and infrequent in a designated area, employer must ensure the warning line is erected not less than 6 feet from unprotected side or edge that is parallel to the direction in which the mechanical equipment is operated, and not less than 10 feet from unprotected side or edge that is perpendicular to direction in which mechanical equipment is operated This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Covers 1910.29(e) Employer must ensure each cover for a hole in a walking - working surface: - Is capable of supporting without failure, at least twice the maximum intended load that may be imposed on cover at any one time; and - Is secured to prevent accidental displacement This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Handrails/Stair Rail System 1910.29(f)(1) Height criteria - Handrails are not less than 30 inches and not more than 38 inches, as measured from leading edge of stair tread to top surface of handrail - Height of stair rail systems meets the following: Height of stair rail systems installed before January 17, 2017 is not less than 30 inches from leading edge of stair tread to top surface of the top rail; and Height of stair rail systems installed on or after January 17, 2017 is not less than 42 inches from leading edge of stair tread to top surface of top rail This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Handrails/Stair Rail System 1910.29(f)(1)-(2) - Top rail of a stair rail system may serve as a handrail only when: Height of stair rail system is not less than 36 inches and not more than 38 inches as measured at leading edge of stair tread to top surface of top rail; and Top rail of stair rail system meets other handrail requirements in this section Finger clearance - Minimum clearance between handrails and any other

object is 2.25 inches This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Handrails/Stair Rail System 1910.29(f)(3) Surfaces - Handrails and stair rail systems are smooth-surfaced to protect employees from injury, such as punctures or lacerations, and to prevent catching or snagging of clothing NCDOL Photo Library

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Handrails/Stair Rail System 1910.29(f)(4)-(5) Openings in stair rails - No opening in a stair rail system exceeds 19 inches at its least dimension Handhold - Handrails have shape and dimension necessary so that employees can grasp handrail firmly This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Handrails/Stair Rail System 1910.29(f)(6)-(7) Projection hazards - Ends of handrails and stair rail systems do not present any projection hazards Strength criteria - Handrails and top rails of stair rail systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 200 pounds applied in any downward or outward direction within 2 inches o of any point along top edge of rail

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Cages, Wells and Platforms 1910.29(g)(1)-(4) Used with fixed ladders - Cages and wells installed on fixed ladders are designed, constructed, and maintained to permit easy access to, and egress from, the ladder that they enclose - Cages and wells are continuous throughout the length of the fixed ladder, except for access, egress, and other transfer points - Cages and wells are designed, constructed, and maintained to contain employees in the event of a fall,

and to direct them to a lower landing; and - Platforms used with fixed ladders provide a horizontal surface of at least 24 inches by 30 inches This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fixed Ladders NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Outdoor Advertising 1910.29(h)

Applies only to employers engaged in outdoor advertising operations. Employers must ensure that each employee who climbs a fixed ladder without fall protection: - Is physically capable, as demonstrated through observations of actual climbing activities or by a physical examination, to perform duties that may be assigned, including climbing fixed ladders without fall protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Outdoor Advertising

1910.29(h)(2)-(4) - Has successfully completed a training or apprenticeship program that includes hands-on training on safe climbing of ladders and is retrained as necessary to maintain necessary skills - Has the skill to climb ladders safely, as demonstrated through formal classroom training or on-the-job training, and performance observation; and - Performs climbing duties as a part of routine work activity This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Ladder Safety Systems 1910.29(i)(1)-(3)

Each ladder safety system allows employee to climb up and down using both hands and does not require that the employee continuously hold, push, or pull any part of the system while climbing Connection between carrier or lifeline and point of attachment to body harness or belt does not exceed 9 inches Mountings for rigid carriers are attached at each end of the carrier, with intermediate mountings spaced, as necessary, along entire length of carrier so system has strength to stop employee falls This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Ladder Safety Systems 1910.29(i)(4)-(6) Mountings for flexible carriers are attached at each end of carrier and cable guides for flexible carriers are installed at least 25 feet apart but not more than 40 feet apart along entire length of carrier Design and installation of mountings and cable guides does not reduce design strength of the ladder; and Ladder safety systems and their support systems are capable of withstanding, without failure, a drop test consisting of an 18-inch drop of a 500-pound weight

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Personal Fall Protection Systems 1910.29(j) Body belts, harnesses, and other components used in personal fall arrest systems, work positioning systems, and travel restraint systems must meet requirements of 1910.140, Subpart I Personal Protective Equipment NCDOL Photo Library This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Protection From Falling Objects 1910.29(k)(1) Employers must ensure toeboards used for falling object protection: - Are erected along exposed edge of overhead walking working surface for a length that is sufficient to protect employees below - Have a minimum vertical height of 3.5 inches as measured from top edge of the toeboard to level of walking-working surface - Do not have more than a 0.25-inch clearance or opening above the walking - working surface - Are solid or do not have any opening that exceeds 1 inch at its greatest dimension This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Protection From Falling Objects 1910.29(k)(1) Have a minimum height of 2.5 inches when used around vehicle repair, service, or assembly pits - Toeboards may be omitted around vehicle repair, service, or assembly pits when the employer can demonstrate that a toeboard would prevent access to a vehicle that is over the pit Are capable of withstanding, without failure, a force of at least 50 pounds applied in any downward or outward direction at any point along toeboard This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Protection From Falling Objects 1910.29(k)(2) Employer must assure: - Where tools, equipment, or materials are piled higher than the top of the toeboard, paneling or screening is installed from toeboard to midrail of guardrail system and for a length that is sufficient to protect employees below If items are piled higher than the midrail, employer also must install paneling or screening to top rail and for a length that is sufficient to protect employees below; and

- All openings in guardrail systems are small enough to prevent objects from falling through opening This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Training Requirements 1910.30(a)(1)-(3) Fall hazards - Before any employee is exposed to a fall hazard, employer must provide training for each employee who uses personal fall protection systems or who is required to be trained as specified elsewhere in this subpart - Employers must ensure employees are trained in requirements on or before May 17, 2017

- Employer must ensure each employee is trained by a qualified person This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fall Hazards 1910.30(a)(3) Employer must train each employee in at least the following topics: - Nature of fall hazards in the work area and how to recognize them - Procedures to be followed to minimize those hazards - Correct procedures for installing, inspecting, operating, maintaining, and disassembling the

personal fall protection systems that employee uses This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Fall Hazards 1910.30(a)(3) - Correct use of personal fall protection systems and equipment specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, including, but not limited to: Proper hook-up Anchoring Tie-off techniques Methods of equipment inspection and storage, as specified by the manufacturer.

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Equipment Hazards 1910.30(b)(1)-(2) Employer must train each employee on or before May 17, 2017 in the proper care, inspection, storage, and use of equipment covered by this subpart before an employee uses equipment Employer must train each employee who uses a dockboard to properly place and secure it to prevent unintentional movement

This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Equipment Hazards 1910.30(b)(3)-(4) Employer must train each employee who uses a rope descent system in proper rigging and use of equipment in accordance with 1910.27 Employer must train each employee who uses a designated area in proper set-up and use of area This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of

Labor for safety and health training. Retraining 1910.30(c) When employee does not have the understanding and skill required by this section Situations requiring retraining include: - When changes in workplace render previous training obsolete or inadequate - When changes in types of fall protection systems or equipment to be used render previous training obsolete or inadequate; or - When inadequacies in an affected employee's knowledge or use of fall protection systems or equipment indicate that employee no longer has requisite understanding or skill

necessary to use equipment or perform job safely This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Training Requirements 1910.30(c) Training must be understandable - Employer must provide information and training to each employee in a manner that employee understands This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training. Summary

29 CFR 1910, Subpart D In this course, we discussed: - Definitions - General requirements - Ladders - Step bolts and manhole steps - Stairways - Dockboards - Scaffolds and rope descent systems - Duty to have fall protection This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

Thank You For Attending! Final Questions? This presentation was created by the N.C. Department of Labor for safety and health training.

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