Introduction to Othello

Introduction to Othello

Introduction to Othello 2014 The English Teachers Pet Important Dramatic Term Tragedya drama of a solemn and dignified quality that typically depicts the development of a conflict between the protagonist and a superior force, such as fate, circumstance, or society, and reaches a mournful or ruinous conclusion. Othello A Shakespearean Tragedy

Othello is a Shakespearean Tragedy It encompasses elements of tragedies such as: It ends with the death of numerous characters including the title character The protagonist is admirable, but flawed, with the audience able to understand and sympathize with the character. The protagonist is capable of both good and evil Free will is insisted upon the protagonist must always be able to back out of a situation or to

redeem themselves but always leads towards their inevitable doom. Important Dramatic Terms Tragic flawa defect in the protagonist that brings about his or her downfall. Hubris: derived from the Greek word hybris, means excessive pride. In Greek tragedy, hubris is often viewed as the flaw that leads to the downfall of the tragic hero. Important Dramatic Terms Tragic

hero: the main character of great importance to his state or culture and who is conventionally of noble birth and high social station, the ruler or an important leader in his society. The moral health of the state is identified with, and dependent upon, that of its ruler, and so the tragic heros story is also that of his state.

Important Dramatic Terms Such heroes are mixed characters, neither thoroughly good or thoroughly evil, yet better or greater than the rest of us in the sense that they are of higher than ordinary moral worth and social significance. Setting Setting (time) Late sixteenth century, during the wars

between Venice and Turkey Setting (place) Venice in Act I; the island of Cyprus thereafter http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blcitaly.htm Cyprus is located east of Italy, in the Mediterranean Sea. It is just south of Turkey. http://geography.about.com/library/cia/nccyprus.htm People in Othello Venetians

Most are noblemen and women (Brabantio, Desdemona, Roderigo) There are also the servants (Emilia) Some are soldiers (Cassio, Iago) Others are part of Venetian government (the Duke) Types of People (contd) Moors Black

(Othello) nomadic people of the northern shores of Africa, originally the inhabitants of Mauretania Converted to Islam in the 8th century Moors (contd) Invaded Spain in 711 and dominated until the 11th century

Had great dynasties up until 1492, when the last of their cities was conquered by Spain Virtually exterminated by Spain during the Inquisition (late 1400s-1820) Moors (contd) Othello is a Moor Discriminated

against because of his race (African/black) Othello has been accepted in some ways because he is a Christian and a military genius Yet his marriage to Desdemona reflects the prevailing negative view toward interracial marriage. Iago

Iago is one of Shakespear es most sinister villains, often considered so because of the unique trust Othello puts in him, which he betrays while maintaining his reputation of honesty and dedication. Shakespeare contrasts Iago with Othellos nobility and integrity. Iago is a malcontent he

has a bitter and cyncial view of the world around him. The name Iago is a shortened version of the Spanish name Santiago or St James. Saint James of Spain was also known as St James

the Moor Killer which seems appropriate within the play. THE CULTURE OF THE TIME The Wifes Status The husband, in the accepted role as head of the household, gives moral and secular

direction to his wife and children, who sit obediently listening. A typical wife receiving her instruction Evil Women In the Elizabethan times there was a long and well established tradition in the Church of what we would now

call misogyny women were distrusted simply because they were women. At the time it was assumed that most women would cheat it was part of their nature. The men in Othello have differing views of women from Othello who idolizes his wife (Desdemona) to Iago who sees love as

"merely a lust of the blood and a permission of the will. The attitudes of the audience at the time are likely to have been varied, too. The Cuckold Any man whose wife cheated on him (without his knowledge) was known as a cuckold. The word derives from

cuckoo the bird known for laying their eggs in anothers nest. It was highly undesirable to be considered a cuckold. All of the community would find out about it and was considered a public humiliation. Cuckolds were often described as having horns a hangover from the days when a cuckold

was forced to parade around his town wearing antlers as a sign of his wifes infidelity. Jealousy Jealousy was viewed as something irrational and linked to the deadly sin of envy. It was viewed as a sudden infection against which there was no prevention or cure. It was thought of as eroding trust and it dissolved the bonds holding together

marriages, families and social frameworks. Being jealous could let in evil and chaos, and it was a state greatly feared by Shakespeares audiences. Consider Characters Task On the following slide are some lines spoken by, or about, various characters in the play. Consider what you think each quotation

reveals about the person speaking/being spoken about, and what they are like as a character. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Iago - describing Othello: loving his own pride and purposes.

Iago - speaking about his relationship with Othello: I follow him to serve my turn upon him. Iago - speaking about himself: I am not what I am. Othello - speaking about himself: My parts, my title and my perfect soul shall manifest me rightly Othello - about Iago: A man he is of honesty and trust. Task~ Todays society Think about the cultural rules that you

live by. Look at the questions to the right and consider the answers. Be sure to make notes.

What rules dictate the behavior of young men and women in relationships today? What are the things nice girls just dont do? What are the things nice boys just dont do? What do you think the consequences are of breaking these rules?

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Chapter 41

    Chapter 41

    Capítulo 42 Recepción sensorial Dr. Robert J. Mayer Epitelio olfatorio Mucosidad Las moléculas receptoras en los cilios se unen a compuestos disueltos en la capa de mucosidad Tipos de olores Camphor Musk Floral Peppermint Ethereal Pungent Putrid Approx. 1000 genes...
  • Chapter 5 Gases - Kent City School District

    Chapter 5 Gases - Kent City School District

    3) Secondary structure arises as a polypeptide chain twists into a helix (coil), loop, or sheet held in place by hydrogen bonds. 4) Tertiary structure arises when loops, helices, and sheets fold up into a domain. In this example, the...
  • C.H. Bennett July 02 Physics of Computing and

    C.H. Bennett July 02 Physics of Computing and

    Breakfast Lobby Interference illustrated by back reflection of most people trying to get from Breakfast to Lobby This 7 qubit molecule was used to factor 15 4 5 Physical systems actively considered for quantum computer implementation Liquid-state NMR NMR spin...
  • Electrical Energy Production - Mrs. Primatesta

    Electrical Energy Production - Mrs. Primatesta

    Electrical Potential Energy and Voltage Grade 9 Science
  • Cosmological Evolution of Blazars: new findings from the

    Cosmological Evolution of Blazars: new findings from the

    PowerPoint Presentation The BAT 3yr Sample Test of Evolution Parametric XLF Best-fit XLF for entire population Separating the populations The MeV Background The LAT view of blazars Some Key Properties Blazar Evolution in LAT Anti-hierarchical growth Galaxy-AGN co-evolution AGN-Cluster Interaction...
  • Computational Social Science - University of Arizona

    Computational Social Science - University of Arizona

    Examples Current state of the field Data-driven social science Computational Social Science seeks to gain meaning into social phenomena from quantitative data-sets Diverges from traditional social science in that it applies mathematical methods to mine social data Social Sciences include:...
  • Programming Language C++ - Murray State University's RacerNet

    Programming Language C++ - Murray State University's RacerNet

    Selection Statement. Iterative (or loop) Statement. C++ provides . break, continue, got. o. and . return. to alter the flow of control. Selection Statements. Selection statements offer a choice between two or more execution. If.
  • Reading in Post Primary - cnocmhuiregranard.ie

    Reading in Post Primary - cnocmhuiregranard.ie

    The list tell me that 'ite ' as a suffix turns a word into an adjective. It adds nothing to the meaning. Putting all my learning together I now know that a multipartite development means a development that has many...