Infinitive - Too/Enough - `-ing' F.orm

Infinitive - Too/Enough - `-ing' F.orm

INFINITIVE TOO/ENOUGH `-ING FORM Can you bear not knowing what a bare infinitive is? Two kinds of infinitive Bare infinitive

To-infinitive Two kinds of infinitive Bare infinitive e.g. stay, go To-infinitive e.g. to stay, to go

Use the bare infinitive After modal verbs, e.g. After the verbs `let and `make Use the bare infinitive After modal verbs, e.g. can, must etc.

After the verbs `let and `make Let Bill go home early Make them sit down He said, `I will not go! He refused ___________________

He said, `I will not go! He refused to go Jack will see you. Hell be glad about that Make this one sentence: Jack will be glad ______________

Jack will see you. Hell be glad about that Make this one sentence: Jack will be glad to see you He can operate the computer.

Rewrite the sentence He knows ___________________ He can operate the computer. Rewrite the sentence He knows how to operate the computer

Its very cold so we cant go outside Its too cold____________ Its very cold so we cant go outside Its too cold to go outside

Toms clever. He can solve this problem Make this into one sentence: Tom is clever enough ______________

Toms clever. He can solve this problem Make this into one sentence: Tom is clever enough to solve this problem

This box is very heavy. Tom cannot lift it This box is too heavy _________________ This box is very heavy. Tom

cannot lift it This box is too heavy for Tom to lift Tom is not very strong. He cannot move the box. Use `enough to make one sentence

Tom is not strong ____________________ Tom is not very strong. He cannot move the box. Use `enough to make one sentence

Tom is not strong enough to move the box There is a lot of space. Everyone can come in. There is enough space

_________________________ There is a lot of space. Everyone can come in. There is enough space for everyone to come in

We can use the `-ing form As a noun (either subject or object) Speaking English is easy I suggested speaking English He began collecting stamps After prepositions

This book is about fishing Im tired of doing the same thing every day Im looking forward to meeting him (The `to is a preposition, not part of an infinitive) After preposition + noun (Remember for ERS!!) This story is about a man finding buried treasure

Uses of `ing-form After the verb `go when we talk about activities Lets go running They used to go pig sticking at the weekends After special phrases like: its no use, be busy, its

(not) worth etc. Its no use shouting to him. Hes too far away to hear. Some verbs can be used with EITHER the `ing form OR with the to -infinitive start He started to make a strange noise He started making a strange noise

begin continue like love prefer hate

With some verbs, the meaning with the infinitive is different from the meaning with the infinitive. I forgot to take my medicine I forgot taking my medicine

Some can only be used with the `ing-form

avoid admit

confess deny regret suggest (Careful! Everyone in HK gets this wrong!) enjoy dislike mind

Would you mind answering a few questions? Some verbs and expressions are only used with the to-infinitive decide I decided to take the later train

expect want

would like would prefer Finally, with verbs of seeing, hearing and feeling, there is a difference between the meaning with object + bare infinitive and object plus `ing-form

I saw him crossing the street I saw him cross the street Finally, with verbs of seeing, hearing and feeling, there is a difference between the meaning with object + bare infinitive and object plus `ing-form

I saw him crossing the street (crossing is an action in progress) I saw him cross the street (crossing is a completed action)

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