In your dreams- are you: Watching yourself like a movie ...

In your dreams- are you: Watching yourself like a movie ...

Sleep Journal You will record your sleep patterns over the next week. Starting tonight write down: Activities before bed Computer/video game use before bed Caffeinated Drinks per day Time go to bed Time fell asleep Time woke up Any night time awakenings.

How did you feel the next day. Sleep Day Thursday December 5th You can wear pajama bottoms/sweats appropriate please. Bring: pillow, blanket, yoga mat, sleeping bag, stuffed can drop it off here in the morning and pick up later if you like. iPod with headphones is okay just play it

low so you dont bother anyone trying to sleep If you cant sleep please remain silent to allow others to sleep. States of Consciousness Levels of Consciousness Sleep and Dreaming Sleep Disorders

What is the difference between Conscious, Unconscious and Subconscious? Unconscious Many states of physically unable consciousness to awaken Daydreaming,

Subconscious dozing, deep sleep, inner thoughts awareness all and feelings you different aspects of are not totally consciousness aware of

What is Unconsciousness? Physical loss of responsiveness to the environment Causes: disease, trauma, anesthesia Consciousness can be altered by: sleep, hypnosis, medication, meditation and injury Dont write What is a Coma? A Coma is a profound state of unconsciousness.

A comatose person cannot be awakened, fails to respond normally to pain, light or sound, does not have sleep/wake cycles and does not initiate voluntary actions. (More than 6 days). The underlying cause of coma is bilateral damage to the Reticular Activating System in the midbrain which is important in regulating sleep Coma can result from: stroke, trauma, intoxication, hypoxia or induced as a form of preserving higher brain function during healing process

Generally, brain injury is classified as: Severe, with GCS less than 8 Moderate, GCS 9 - 12 Minor, GCS greater than 13. Glasgow Coma Scale What is Sleep? Your bodys own circadian rhythm biological clock You dont have to do anything to allow your normal sleep pattern to emerge..its called a free running

cycle When your parents brought you home from the hospital and trained you to sleep at nightthat is called entrainment When you have sleep deprivation you will make up for it by sleeping more in REM sleep days later. This is called REM Rebound. Many states of consciousness Unconscious physically unable to awaken

Subconscious inner thoughts and feelings you are not totally aware of A comatose person cannot be awakened, fails to respond normally to pain, light or sound

The severity of a coma is measured by the Glasgow Coma Scale. Circadian rhythms are Your natural biological clock Entrainment is

Training your body when to sleep When you dont get enough sleep its called Sleep Deprivation Making up for lost sleep time by sleeping more for a few days is: REM Rebound What exactly happens during sleep? You cycle through various stages when you are sleeping. Types of Sleep: Non REM

NREM is the first type of sleep you enter when you first nod off. Most of our time asleep is spent here, making up for 75% of an adults sleep. NREM is split into 4 stages, with each stage taking you deeper and deeper into sleep. First 4 Sleep Stages NREM (Non Rem)

Twilight Sleep: sensation of falling, peaceful, hazy, Melatonin triggered Fail to immediately respond to outside stimuli Stage 1: Sudden twitches and hypnic jerks (myoclonus reactions) Lose most conscious awareness of the external environment. Stage 2: sleep spindles (bursts), lose all awareness of environment Stage 3: Slow wave sleep sleep walking, bedwetting can be issues Stage 4: Heart beat drops, BP low, H.G.H secreted REM BEGINS

What happens after stages 1-4? You begin REM Sleep (Rapid Eye Movement) Every 90 minutes after falling asleep your eyes jerk back and forth in various directions Your limbs become paralyzed B.P., heart rate increases Through the night you cycle through stages with REM increasing in length then decreasing towards awakening. REM SLEEP

REM sleep in adult humans typically occupies 2025% of total sleep about 90120 minutes of a night's sleep. During a normal night of sleep, humans usually experience about four or five periods of REM sleep; they are quite short at the beginning of the night and longer toward the end. Many animals and some people tend to wake, or experience a period of very light sleep, for a short time immediately after a bout of REM. The relative amount of REM sleep varies considerably with

age, lessening with age. A newborn baby spends more than 80% of total sleep time in REM During REM, the activity of the brain is quite similar to that during waking hours; for this reason, the REM-sleep stage may be called paradoxical sleep Vividly recalled dreams mostly occur during REM sleep How does our body know when to sleep? What is Sleep Deprivation

Sleep time seems to decrease from about 16 to 18 hours for a newborn to 7 or 8 for an adult . What have we learned?

What controls your sleep cycles? Reticular Activating System What controls your temperature? Hypothalmus

What is your free running cycle called? Circadian Rhythm How many stages is Non REM sleep? 4, (5 with twilight sleep) What is REM? Rapid Eye Movement Sleep

How often do you fall into REM Sleep? Every 90 minutes after falling asleep What happens during REM Sleep your eyes jerk back and forth in various directions and your limbs become paralyzed B.P., heart rate increases Have you ever walked in your sleep? How old were you? Do you know someone who talks in their

sleep? How long after they fall asleep do they usually do this? Do you know someone who snores? What are some Sleep Disorders Sleep disorders are called parasomnias Insomnia: inability to fall/maintain sleep Narcolepsy : a sleep disorder that causes excessive sleepiness and

frequent daytime sleep attacks Cataplexy: rare sleep disorder that causes immediate REM sleep when excited or emotional Restless Leg Syndrome is a disorder in which there is an urge or need to move the legs to stop unpleasant sensation Sleep apnea is a condition in

which a person has episodes of blocked breathing during sleep Sleep Talking and Walking Sleep talking is called somniloquy Sleep talking usually occurs in NREM stage 2 Often about 10 to 20

minutes after falling asleep Can also occur with some prescription medication and/or high fever Sleep walking is called somnambulism (Som sleep, ambulate move)

Often occurs 30 minutes into sleep at NREM stage 3 Can also occur due to fever or prescription medication Pattern towards genetic always be aware of latching doors if you have a child. Living with Cataplexy

REM Behavior Disorder Overview DO W O N

What is your most memorable dream? Sleep and Dreaming The theory of why we dream is a Construct. A Constructs is to create something in mind: such as a theory as a result of systematic thought Night Terrors

When do you have nightmares? Occur during REM Sleep most dreams occur during this phase Dreams remembered from other stages are less emotional and sensible Lucid Dreaming: training to be aware of and direct ones dreams to help cure people of nightmares. Incubus: Night Terrors wake during REM happens to young children often after disruption of sleep cycle, (holidays, guests, vacations, etc.)

What do dreams mean? Two (2) popular theories Freud: Royal road to the unconscious Manifest Content remembered parts Latent Content underlying meaning McCarley and Hobson: Activation Synthesis

Theory: during dreams the pons generates bursts of action potentials to the brain You try to create a story line out of it (synthesize) Origins of dreams are either psychological or physiological depending on what theory you

follow Most of your dreams happen between 4 and 7 am. What did we learn?

A construct is A theory that explains something intangible Most dream occur during.. REM sleep Night terrors can occur in children due to: Disruption of sleep patterns

What does Freud think your dreams are about? repressed desires, What would a biologist think your dreams are caused by? spindle bursts in brain, reorganization of thoughts

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