Important communication talk

Important communication talk

Fermilab Program Overview P.Oddone, PAC Meeting June 22,2011 Program Summary at the three frontiers 2 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Gaps and roles: energy frontier 3 Next two decades: dominated by LHC. Upgrades to machine and detectors Biggest gap: what follows the LHC? Depends on results and at what energy results occur Fermilab strategy: completion of the Tevatron program and physics exploitation and upgrades of LHC. R&D on future machines: ILC if at low energy; muon collider if

at high energy; new high field magnets for extension of LHC or future proton colliders at ultra-LHC energies P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Roles: energy frontier Tevatron LHC Now LHC 2013 LHC Upgrades ILC?? 2016 13 12 11 10 9 Green curve: same rates as 09 8

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 4 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 2019 LHC ILC, CLIC or Muon Collider 2022 Energy frontier: the legendary Tevatron Accelerator Innovations Detector innovations

Analysis Innovations Major discoveries The next generation First major SC synchrotron Industrial production of SC cable (MRI) Electron cooling New RF manipulation techniques Silicon vertex detectors in hadron environment LAr-U238 hadron calorimetry Advanced triggering

Data mining from Petabytes of data Use of neural networks, boosted decision trees Major impact on LHC planning and developing GRID pioneers Top quark Bs mixing Precision W and Top mass Higgs mass prediction Direct Higgs searches Ruled out many exotica Fantastic training ground for next generation

More than 500 Ph.D.s Produced critical personnel for the next steps, especially LHC 5 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Status of the LHC 6 The accelerator is performing extraordinarily well lots of headroom 4 detector collaborations are able to analyze data rapidly CMS+ATLAS already excluding significant areas of supersymmetry, Z. P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011

Range of outcomes from LHC At one extreme, extraordinarily rich (great expectations): It is the Higgs! It is stabilized by suppersymm etry At the other extreme: shows something only at the highest energy and integrated luminosity (no-lose theorem) Hundred of searches prove negative: the Standard Model Rules! 7 Supersymme try gives us the dark matter

particle P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Unitarity saved by increasing WlWl scattering Future Collider R&D 8 Major program in ILC: get three cryomodules (one RF station) completed and tested. Aligned with Project X technology. Will continue beyond 2012 Muon collider feasibility study: going but the ramp-up of the program (doubling) is slow to come. Search for director underway. Coordination of experimental program R&D with ILC and CLIC. Must complete muon cooling experiment MICE

Ni3Sn dipole for LHC (11T) as first part of a program for energy doubling of LHC P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Gaps and roles: cosmic frontier 9 The principal connection to particle physics today: the nature of dark matter and dark energy Gap in the direct search for dark matter: get to zero background technology. Gap in understanding dark energy is establishment of time evolution of the acceleration: new major telescopes (ground and space) Fermilab strategy: establish scalable zero-background technology for dark matter. Commission and exploit DES. Participate in future ground and space telescopes (the

principal agencies are NSF and NASA, not DOE) P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Roles: cosmic frontier DM: ~10 kg DE: SDSS P. Auger Now 10 DM: ~100 kg DE: DES P. Auger Holometer? 2013 DE: LSST WFIRST?? DM: ~1 ton DE: LSST WFIRST?? BigBOSS?? 2016 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011

2019 2022 Gaps and roles: intensity frontier 11 Two principal approaches: 1) proton super-beams to study neutrinos and rare decays and 2) quark factories: in e+e- and LHCb Principal gap is the understanding of neutrinos and the observation of rare decays coupled to new physics processes Fermilab strategy: develop the most powerful set of facilities in the world for the study of neutrinos and rare processes, well beyond the present state of the art. Complementary to LHC and with discovery potential beyond LHC. DOE has the central role. Will define the

role of US facilities in the worlds program. P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 The international context: a map A lot of territory is covered internationally at the state of the art The greatest impact and leadership for the US is in neutrinos and rare processes, where major improvements are possible P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 12 Interplay: LHC nothing Only handle on the

next energy scale LHC Intensity Frontier Lots 13 Intensity Frontier Determine/verify structure of new physics. Anything beyond? P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Program this decade In the intermediate term, a series of world-class experiments exploiting the present complex:

LBNE (700 kW): neutrino oscillations, neutrino mass spectrum, matter-antimatter symmetry, proton decay, SN burst g-2: anomalous magnetic moment of the muon Mu2e: direct muon to electron conversion SeaQuest: nuclear physics Drell-Yan process 14 NOvA: n vs. n, next step in oscillation parameters MicroBooNE: follow MiniBooNE anomaly; LAr TPC MINERvA: n nuclear cross sections/nuclear structure MINOS+ (proposed): n vs. n; anomalous interactions P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Goal for Proton Source Throughput

Tevatron ends LBNE NOvA MINERvA MINOS? MINERvA MINOS MiniBooNE g-2 Mu2e MicroBooNE Timeline for Fermilab Neutrino Experiments in Coming Decade 15 Fermilab Institutional Review, June 6-9, 2011 Program next decade LBNE (2+ MW): the long-base line experiment

Project X: a broad program with megawatts of continuous beam, ideal to lead at the intensity frontier 16 Neutrino mass spectrum (mass hierarchy) Matter-antimatter symmetry Neutrino/antineutrino differences Anomalous interactions Neutrino, long/short base-lines, more than 2 MW to LBNE Kaons where the Standard Model backgrounds are minimal and we are sensitive to many models including supersymmetry Rare muon decay with sensitivity to masses 1000 TeV Symmetry violations through electric dipole moments in nuclei Applications to transmutation, spallation targets, ADS

P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Roles: intensity frontier NOvA MicroBooNE g-2 MINERvA MINOS SeaQuest MINOS MiniBooNE MINERvA SeaQuest Now 17 2013 NOvA g-2 LBNE Mu2e 2016 Project X+LBNE

m, K, nuclear, n Factory ?? 2019 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 2022 Intensity Frontier Today at Fermilab Take Home Message: we have a set of world-class experiments over the next decade BEFORE Project starts operating EXPERIMENT INSTITUTIONS NATIONAL LABORATORIES COLLABORATORS MINOS 29 3 148

MiniBooNE 18 2 84 MINERvA 27 2 127 Peru, Greece, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Russia SeaQuest (NP) 18 4 65 Japan, China

NOVA 28 2 180 Greece U.K, Russia, Germany, Brazil MicroBooNE 13 3 70 g-2 20 2 67 Russia, U.K, Italy, Germany, Japan

Mu2e 22 3 105 Italy, Russia LBNE 58 6 306 U.K, Japan, Italy, India FOREIGN COUNTRIES U.K, Brazil, Poland, Greece More than 1000 additional users in CMS (ROC,LPC,TIER 1), Particle Astro and Accelerator R&D; Intensity Frontier experiments will double in the next few years. 18

P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Implementing the vision: LBNE 19 is a key experiment in the neutrino area and already engages a very broad collaboration LBNE It can start with the 700kW beam developed for NOvA (facilities have to be built towards the DUSEL direction) It would ultimately use over >2000kW in the Project X era P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment

CD 0: January 2010 1300 k m Collaboration: 306 members 58 institutions (6 US labs) and 5 countries (India, Italy, Japan, UK, US) Continue to grow! 21 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 DUSEL Lab Layout 22 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Neutrino physics sensitivities LBNE NOvA (>2MW 0.7MW) (0.7MW) (0.3MW)MW) (0.7MW) (0.7MW) (0.3MW)MW) MINOS (0.3MW)

With Project X 23 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Project X Reference Design 24 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Project X Siting 25 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Project X: new experiments Neutrinos Kaons Muons Nuclei Matterantimatter

asymmetry Neutrino mass spectrum Neutrinoantineutrino differences Anomalous interactions Proton decay SuperNova bursts Physics beyond the Standard Model Minimally flavor violating supersymmetry Elucidation of LHC discoveries Two to three orders of magnitude increase in sensitivity Oscillation in charged leptons Physics beyond

the Standard Model Elucidation of LHC physics Sensitive to energy/mass scales three orders of magnitude beyond LHC New generation of symmetry-test experiments Electric Dipole Moments Three or more orders of magnitude increase in Francium, Radium, Actinium isotopes 26 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011

Energy Applications Transmutation experiments with nuclear waste Spallation target configurations Materials test under high irradiation Neutron fluxes under various configurations relevant to ADS Project X: technology innovation CW Linac Design Multi-MW/high duty factor (continuous wave) proton linac First of a kind, all superconducting

RF design Low beam loss/high reliability 27 SRF Accelerating Modules State-of-the-art performance High Q0/high gradient Low-b spoke resonators Medium-b elliptical resonators U.S. industrial development Fast Chopper Detector Development Revolutionary

concept Programmable bunch patterns at 162 MHz Applications beyond HEP High speed electronics & triggering Rad hard detectors Large Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers Cryo-electronics High power targeting P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Transmutation MW-class CW beams at 1 GeV Technology demonstration Benchmarking

experiments to validate concepts Project X and the big questions Where does mass come from? Why is matter dominant? neutrinos What are the neutrino masses and what do they say? Where are the heavy neutrino partners? muons Why are there three families of quarks and leptons? Do the forces unify? Does nature use supersymmetry or other new symmetries? kaons Are there extra dimensions of space? What is dark matter? What is dark energy? 28 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011

Nuclei (EDMs..) 29 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Additional Information Two presentations from our recent Institutional Review on neutrinos and rare decays also loaded to the PAC website 30 P. Oddone, PAC Meeting , June 22, 2011 Future Neutrino Physics Mitch Soderberg Fermilab Institutional Review June 6-9, 2011 Rare Processes Brendan Casey Fermilab Institutional Review June 6-9, 2011

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