hhs.helenaschools.org

hhs.helenaschools.org

Sudan Genocide and Secession Sudan History Africas largest country - about

1/4th the size of the USA British colony until 1956 Islamic military government Dictator: President Omar al- Sudan

North most productive agriculture capital city, Khartoum Arab and Muslim Sudan

Sudan South one of worlds poorest regions predominately farmers and herders few exports

follow traditional religions, a minority Christian ethnically and linguistically diverse North vs South North tried to impose Muslim principles on the entire country including repression of women

1983-2005: North-South War estimated 1.9 million Sudanese dead, mostly civilians more than 4 million fled South Sudan 2 million died from famine peace agreement between the Sudanese government and southern rebels signed in 2005

Genocide in Darfur Genocide in Darfur Darfur: region in western Sudan 2003: After years of discrimination and neglect from

Arab Muslim national government, the regions black Africans rebelled Sudanese government + janjaweed crushed rebellion janjaweed: man or devil on a horse

Sudan Government Forces Genocide in Darfur 480,000 killed 2.8 million in refugee camps, many in neighboring Chad

Genocide in Darfur Dictator Bashir wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes against humanity he is the only sitting president facing genocide charges indicted in 2009 on 7 counts of crimes against

humanity 2010: additional warrant issued for genocide Secession In 2011, the Peace Agreement ended when the South voted in favor of secession from the North

secession: to break away 99% of Southern Sudanese voted to secede Secession Continued fighting with the North border disputes

cultural issues control over oil fields 75% of former Sudans oil fields refineries and pipelines in Sudan reached agreement in 2013 UN has peacekeeping troops in place

Oil and gas production in Sudan Secession Civil War in South Sudan border disputes

started in 2013 between President and rebels killed thousands

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