Transport Presented by:Kay Henry of Parent Carers Cornwall Stuart Hall of Wiltshire Parent Carer Council Welcome! Welcome to this Contact Webinar If there is a technical hitch, please do bear with us Those of you joining by pc, laptop, tablet or smart phone should now be able to see this introduction slide
Timings and Questions As there are so many attendees you will all remain muted throughout To ask a question of the presenter, please use the question icon on your GoToWebinar tool bar on your screen This will allow you to type your question in to the text box and submit this to the Webinar administrator We will select as many relevant questions to answer as time allows, if similar questions are received we will condense these where possible
Q&A Further relevant questions, not covered in the time allowed, will be answered and posted on the Contact website along with the recording of this Webinar, details of which will be circulated next week At the end of the Webinar a short questionnaire will launch, please take the time to complete this as this will assist with future online training events In this Webinar Legislation The Duty to Consult
Transport Issues identified by parent carers Challenges and Budget Pressures Different Approaches Your Suggestions Future Developments Transport Guidance What Can You Do Questions Legislation In brief, the law states that
Children under 5 Not automatically entitled Children aged 5 to 16 - Free, suitable, home to school transport to the nearest suitable qualifying school Young People aged 16 to 19 The law requires local authorities to have a Transport Policy Statement Young People aged 19 and over - The LA must make 'such arrangements for the provision of transport, as they consider necessary Appealing decisions - start by making an appeal through the LAs own internal appeals procedures
Children Under 5 Not automatically entitled to transport Legislation gives LAs the discretion to make travel arrangements in some circumstances It might be possible to appeal
Children 5 to 16 Eligible children fall within four categories Children with SEN, a disability or a mobility difficulty Children whose route to school is unsafe Children who live beyond the statutory walking distance
Children from low income families Children with SEN, a disability or a mobility difficulty Children with SEN, a disability or mobility problems which means they cannot reasonably be expected to walk to school, could mean they are eligible for home to school transport.
Children whose route to school is unsafe If the route to school is unsafe, and if the child lives within statutory walking distance of the school and the LA has not made arrangements for the child to attend a nearer qualifying school, the LA must make suitable travel arrangements free of charge.
Children who live beyond the statutory walking distance Children who attend schools beyond the statutory walking distance are eligible for free school transport, provided that the LA has made no suitable arrangements for attendance at a nearer school or boarding accommodation. Children from low income
families A child may qualify for potential eligibility under the 'low income' provisions if they are entitled to free school lunches, or if their parents or carers receive working tax credit at the maximum rate. Young People 16 to 19 The law requires local authorities
to have a Transport Policy Statement setting out home to school/college transport arrangements for particular groups of young people.
Young People 19 and Over The LA must make arrangemen ts for the provision of transport, as they consider
necessary for people over 6th Form age. Appealing Decisions SEND Tribunals do not have jurisdiction to deal with
transport disputes alone. Begin by following your LAs published appeals process. SEND Code of Practice The SEND Code of Practice recognises the importance of transport for children
and young people with SEND. It states that: The Local Offer must include information about arrangements for transport provision. Local authorities must ensure that suitable travel arrangements are made where necessary to facilitate an eligible childs attendance at school. Local authorities must publish a transport policy statement each year setting out the travel arrangements they will make to support young people aged 16-19 and learners with learning difficulties and/or disabilities (LDD) aged up to 25, to access further education.
Transport Policies Good practice says that transport policies should be:o Clear o Easy to understand o Accurate Short Breaks The Breaks for Carers of Disabled Children Regulations 2011 The Chronically Sick and
Disabled Persons Act 1970 The Duty to Consult 1. Public bodies must consult in good time 2. There must be enough information 3. There must be enough time for responses 4. There must be genuine consideration of the responses
The Duty to Consult Challenging School Transport Policies On Contacts website: Information for families Requirements to consult Common reasons to challenge a local school transport policy Further information The Duty to Consult See Contacts website for more information
https://contact.org.uk/advice-and-support/educatio n-learning/transport-to-school-and-college/challengi ng-school-transport-policies/ How to Have Your Say Check your Local Offer. Respond to consultations. If you think there is something wrong with an existing transport policy, make a formal complaint to your local authority.
Contact the education team on Contacts helpline for further advice if you need to: 0808 808 3555 Home to school travel and transport guidance The Government has published statutory guidance which can be viewed via the website: https:// www.gov.uk/government/publications/home-to-school-travel-and-t ransport-guidance Contact has produced a Home to School Factsheet which can be found on their website:
https://contact.org.uk/advice-and-support/resource-library/factshe et-home-to-school-transport-england / Transport Issues Identified by Parent Carers STC, a UK specialist school travel and transport consultancy company, works for local authorities and bus operators, for schools and colleges, and other organisations involved in passenger transport.
2016 cross UK survey Update published in 2018 According to STC, in 2016/17, expenditure on school transport in England has risen to 1.114 billion per year up from 1.062 billion in 2014/15. SEN transport costs have
continued to rise and account for a growing proportion of spend and pupils receiving transport to 732m in England, accounting for twothirds of expenditure and more than 22% of pupils qualifying. The majority of local authorities
responding to STCs survey have and/or are planning to make further changes to tighten entitlement policies for school transport to enable them to manage budgets. This years survey
confirms that further cuts to SEN transport and post 16 transport, and continued increases in charges, are expected. 53 LAs responded to STCs survey, representing 30% of authorities in England, 26% of authorities in
the UK. Respondents included 3 London Boroughs, 14 Metropolitan Boroughs, 15 Shire Counties, 14 Unitary authorities, 4 Scottish authorities and 3 Welsh authorities. STCs report update can be found on their website: http://www.school-transport.com/about-stc/2018-su rvey-results /
School Transport Inquiry Contacts School Transport Inquiry found that 48% and mostly mums said that school travel arrangements for their disabled child meant that they can't work or have had to decrease working hours. 23% said their child's journey to school is stressful which makes it harder for their child to learn. 51% of local school transport policies in
England include unlawful statements. Contacts School Transport Inquiry More information about Contacts Inquiry: https://contact.org.uk/get-involved/campaigns-rese arch/school-transport-inquiry /
What the Inquiry found The full report What Contact wants to achieve What contact is doing More information, help and advice if you have been refused school transport
Different Approaches to Providing Transport o o o o o o o
Travel Training Free Bus Passes Personal Budgets School Run Transport Central Pick Up Points E-Auctions Allocated Person with the LA Focussed on Route Reviews and Route Planning o Purchasing Own Transport Fleet o Joining with Day or Health Services
o Car Sharing Schemes Over to You What are your experiences of creative approaches to providing transport in your area? Do you have any creative suggestions? Future Developments
Transport Guidance Following on from the School Transport Inquiry, Contact is working with the DfE on the review of guidance and are hopeful it will come out for public consultation soon. What Can you Do? What Can You Do In summary
Take an active role with your LA as a positive partner Engage with your parent carers to enable informed conversations with your LA Remember the legislation and duty to consult Identify issues early and have conversations with your LA If all else fails, forums can follow the same complaints process as individual parents When Engaging with Your LA Having engaged with your parent carers, be clear when
having conversations with commissioners and reporting feedback. Do you know for example The range of disabilities, needs and/or health conditions of their children and young people Parental confidence in transport options Parent satisfaction in transport provision What do parents say is working well What do parents say could be done differently or better What suggestions do parents have for doing things differently within the available budget
Q&A The content of this webinar was informed by publications and resources from: IPSEA - Independent Parental Special Education Advice: https://www.ipsea.org.uk/ STC - School Transport Consultancy: http://www.school-transport.com/ Contact: https://contact.org.uk/ Articles by Steve Broach on the Contact website:
https://contact.org.uk/news-and-blogs/using-the-law-to-challe nge-cuts-to-services-webinar-now-on-youtube / Thank You! Thank you for attending with us today A short questionnaire will launch at the end of this webinar Please take the time to complete this it will help us plan future online training events including other topics you would like to see The recording of this Webinar, presentation and questions will be on
the parent participation Resources page of Contacts website next week an email confirming this will be sent to you once this is available
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