Harper Lee - Central Dauphin School District

Harper Lee - Central Dauphin School District

To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee Table of Contents Harper Lees early years The 1930s Deep South

Harper Lees adult years Civil Rights movement Writing To Kill A Mockingbird Harper Lees Early Years Born Nelle Harper Lee, spring 1926 Grew up in Monroeville, Alabama Youngest of four children Monroeville, Alabama Map Parents Father: Amasa Coleman Lee

Mother: Frances Finch Lee Father: practiced law in Monroeville Father: editor of The Monroe Journal Childhood Personality Childhood friend Capote Harper Lees Family Position in the community

Responsibility for the community Alice Lee Alice Lee Alice Lee has been a Rock of Gibraltar for this commission,'' said Armistead Harper, a 21-year member of the commission. "She has guided this board with her wisdom, fairness and intelligence. When we needed proper guidance for Monroeville, we

got it from Alice Lee, Harper said. Because of her knowledge of the historic background of Monroeville and her legal background, she could recognize problems we would face and find a fair solution. Father and Daughter It was my plan for her to become a member of our law firm but it just

wasnt meant to be. She went to New York to be a writer. Amasa Lee, 1961 Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Peck Harper Lees Adult Years Attended Huntingdon College

Attended the University of Alabama to study law University Years Worked for student publications Editor of RammerJammer Attended Oxford University 1950-1957 Worked for Eastern Airlines in NYC

Pursued writing career full time in NYC Wrote and submitted To Kill a Mockingbird 1957-1959 To Kill A Mockingbird manuscript rejected Research assistant for Truman Capotes In Cold Blood The Writer Emerges!

Published To Kill A Mockingbird Received Pulitzer Prize for novel Novel Goes to the Movies Did not initially attract producers Gregory Peck starred as Atticus Finch Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Additional Writing

Wrote essay LoveIn Other Words for Vogue Wrote essay Christmas To Me for McCalls Wrote essay When Children Discover America for McCalls National Council of Arts Named to the National Council on the Arts in 1966

Johnson Honorary Doctorates University of Alabama Spring Hill College Sewanee: The University of the South University of Notre Dame 1930s Statistics Facts about the 1930s: Population: 123,188,000 in 48 states

Life Expectancy: Male, 58:1; Female, 61:6 Average annual salary: $1,368 Unemployment rises to 25% Car Sales: 2,787,400 Food Prices: Milk, 14 cents a qt.; Bread, 9 cents a loaf Round Steak, 42 cents a pound Lynchings: 21 Social Order Wealthy and educated Working-class whites

Nonworking-class whites African Americans Jim Crow Laws Racial caste system Perpetuated racism The Deep South Social order Jim Crow laws Southern towns

The Deep South Map African American Row Houses Affluent Whites Homes Monroeville Demographics: 1930 Owner families: 1,925 Native white Native parentage

Foreign or mixed parentage Foreign-born white Negro 1,242 1,241 1 3 677 Tenant families: 3,927

Native white Native parentage Foreign or mixed parentage Foreign-born white Negro 1,609 1,604 5 3 2,311

Tenure unknown 459 Farm families 4,426 Non-farm families 1,885 Monroeville Demographics: 1930

Median value (Dollars) All owners 2,359 Native white owners 2,833 Negro owners 0

Rented non-farm homes 1,278 Rental under $15 1,052 $15 to $29 90 $30 to $49

21 $50 to $99 2 $100 and over 2 Not reported

111 Scottsboro Trial On March 25, 1931, a freight train was stopped in Paint Rock, Alabama Nine young African American men arrested Two white women accused men of raping them on the train

The Scottsboro Trial v. Tom Robinsons Trial Scottsboro: Robinson: 1930s event 1930s event Northern Alabama Southern Alabama

The poor white status of accusers was important The poor white status of Mayella was important The Scottsboro Trial v. Tom Robinsons Trial Scottsboro: Robinson: James E. Horton, judge, overturned the guilty jury verdict

Atticus, lawyer, defends the African-American man All-white jury All poor, white jury The jury ignored evidence that the women suffered no injuries, for example The jury ignores evidence that Tom has a useless left

arm, for example Horton Atticus and Tom Civil Rights Movement Influenced Harper Lee Influence on Harper Lee The Law and Jim Crow Civil Rights Movement Events in Alabama

Bus boycott Montgomery, AL Autherine Lucy tries to attend graduate school Univ. of Alabama Martin Luther Kings rise to leadership Timeline of Events

1954: Brown v. Topeka, Kansas Board of Education case 1955: Young African American brutally murdered by whites 1955: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery bus boycott Parks Brown v. Board Video

QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Single click screen to view video Timeline of Events 1956: Autherine Lucy first African American admitted to University of Alabama 1956: Autherine Lucy forced to flee

University of Alabama campus Universitys Board of Trustees barred her from campus 1957: Federal troops sent to Little Rock, Arkansas to protect nine African American students enter first integrated school Letter from a Birmingham Jail An unjust law is a code that a majority inflicts on a minority that is not binding on itself. This is difference made legal. On the other hand, a just law is a code that a majority compels a minority to follow

that it is willing to follow itself. This is sameness made legal. Martin Luther King, 1963 Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Writing To Kill A Mockingbird Themes Viewpoint Characters Major Conflicts

Themes Moral nature of man Innocence to experience How children learn morality Social inequality Vulnerability of innocent Boo Video QuickTime and a

YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Single click screen to view video Point of View First person narrative through Scout When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the elbow. When it healed, and Jems

fears of never being able to play football were assuaged, he was seldom self-conscious about his injury. Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Town Intro Video QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture.

Single click screen to view video Characters Middle-Class Whites The Finches Working-Class Whites Cunningham Family Non-Working Whites

The Ewell Family African Americans Tom Robinson, Calpurnia and Others Major Characters Jean Louise Scout Finch--The narrator and protagonist of the story Atticus Finch--Scout and Jems father, a lawyer in Maycomb

Arthur Boo Radley-- A recluse who never sets foot outside his house Bob Ewell--A drunken, mostly unemployed man Tom Robinson--The black field hand accused of rape

Calpurnia--The Finches black cook, Calpurnia is a stern disciplinarian Mayella Ewell--Bob Ewells abused, lonely, unhappy daughter Jeremy Atticus Jem Finch--Scouts brother and constant playmate Charles Baker Dill

Harris--Jem and Scouts summer neighbor and friend Aunt Alexandra-Atticus sister, a strongwilled woman with a fierce devotion to her family. Alexandra is the perfect Southern lady Minor Characters Link Deas--Tom Robinsons employer Mrs. Henry Lafayette

Dubose--An elderly, illtempered, racist woman who lives near the Finches Miss Maudie Atkinson--The Finches neighbor, a sharp-tongued widow, and an old friend of the family Mr. Dolphus Raymond--A wealthy white man who lives with his black

mistress and mulatto children Mr. Underwood--The publisher of Maycombs newspaper Walter Cunningham-Son of Mr. Walter Cunningham and classmate of Scout Mr. Walter Cunningham--A poor farmer Harper Lee v. Scout Finch

She grew up in the 1930s in a rural Southern Alabama town. She grew up in the 1930s in a rural Southern Alabama town. Her father, Amasa Lee, is an attorney who served in the state

legislature in Alabama. Her father, Atticus Finch, is an attorney who served in the state legislature in Alabama. Her older brother and young neighbor (Truman Capote) are playmates.

Her older brother (Jem) and young neighbor (Dill) are playmates. Harper Lee is an avid reader as a child.

She is six years old when the Scottsboro trials are widely covered in national, state and local newspapers. Scout reads before she enters school and reads the Mobile Register newspaper in first grade.

She is eight years old when the trial of Tom Robinson takes place. Conflicts Person versus society Person versus person Person versus self What did your father see in the window, the crime of rape or the best defense to it? Why dont you tell the truth, child, didnt Bob Ewell beat you up? Atticus Finch questioning Mayella on the witness stand

Mayella Video QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Single click screen to view video Harper Lees Style Allusions

Idioms Colloquial Language Autobiographical Symbolism Allusions nothing to fear but fear itself Battle of Hastings Dracula

John Wesley Let the cup pass from you Rosetta stone Indian-head penny Willam Jennings Bryan Ivanhoe Andrew Jackson

Stonewall Jackson Idioms get Miss Maudies goat walked on eggs set my teeth permanently on edge

break camp when the chips are down he had seen the light looked daggers blue in the face

into the limelight Symbolism The Mockingbird Tom Robinson Boo Radley Mockingbird Video QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor

are needed to see this picture. Single click screen to view video Colloquial Language Hush your mouth! Dont matter who they are, anybody sets foot in this houses yo compny, and dont you let me catch you remarkin on their ways like you was so high and mighty! Calpurnia I scurried to my room and went to bed. Uncle Jack

was a prince of a fellow not to let me down. But I never figured out how Atticus knew I was listening, and it was not until many years later that I realized he wanted me to hear every word he said. Scout It aint honest but its mighty helpful to folks. Secretly, Miss Finch, Im not much of a drinker, but you see they could never, never understand that I live like I do because thats the way I want to live. Mr. Raymond 35th Anniversary of Novel Please spare Mockingbird an

Introduction. As a reader I loathe Introductions. To novels I associate Introductions with long-gone authors and works that are brought back into print after decades of Interment Mockingbird has never been out of print and I am still alive It still says what it has to say; it has managed to survive the years without preamble. Harper Lee Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>>

Harper Lee: An Enigma But I think we can learn a lot about her by reading To Kill A Mockingbird. To think it is more autobiographical than we realize I suspect that she is Scout, that Atticus Finch is her father, and that her dear friend Truman Capote is Dill. That is probably all she wants us to know, and all we need to know. Judith Handschuh

In Conclusion: Harper Lees Legacy To Kill a Mockingbird Gives us new appreciation for our childhood experiences Shows us how ones sense of right and wrong is learned Allows us to experience destructiveness of hatred in society Click Here for Interactive W hiteboards You Can Afford

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