Grammar of English

Grammar of English

Grammar of English: Introduction Eng 314 Goals Be able to determine the category of each word in a text.

Be able to find the major phrases in a sentence and their functions (again in any text). Be able to comment on a text (including your own writing): Are there many embeddings, many PPs and AdvPs, etc. Be able to justify your answers in a

grammatically sophisticated way. Note This course is unlike many other English classes. You don't have to read a lot but you need to practice! For that reason, you need to come to class as well and

there will be lots of assessment. Possible Honors Projects History of Tree diagramming Order of adjectives (more next time) Comparing the syntax of English and ?? by looking at a translation

Measuring function words: forensic linguistics Create a Grammar Game Some topics; verbs Categories:

Parts of speech Particles: Sentence structure

Chapter 1 What do we know? Linguistic: Phonology Morphology Syntax Semantics/Pragmatics

Phonology (1) a nice person, a treasure (2) an object, an artist (3) ovrite, cham (4) (5)

(6) (7) a union, a university a house, a hospital an uncle an hour

(8) The the Morphology

kleptocracy, cyberspace, antidisestablishmentarianisms floccinaucinihilipilification

Syntax (9) Drunk Gets Ten Months In Cello Case. (10) Eye drops off shelf. (11) British left waffles on Falkland Islands. (12) Teacher strikes idle kids. (13) Speaker A: I just saw someone carrying a monkey and an elephant go into the circus.

Speaker B: Wow, that someone must be pretty strong. (14) Flying planes can be dangerous. Chomskys questions What is the knowledge of language? How do we acquire it (as kids)?

How did the species get to have it? Universal Grammar + Input (Scottish English, Western Navajo, etc) =

I-language E-language Our innate language faculty (or Universal Grammar) enables us to create a set of rules, or grammar, by being exposed to

(rather chaotic) language around us. The set of rules that we acquire enables us to produce sentences that we have never heard before. These sentences can also be infinitely long (if we have the time and energy).

Language acquisition, in this framework, is not imitation but an interaction between Universal Grammar and exposure to a particular language. "Learning is primarily a matter of filling in detail within a structure that is innate" (Chomsky 1975: 39). "A physical organ, say the heart, may vary from one person to the next in size or strength,

but its basic structure and its function within human physiology are common to the species. Individuals in the same speech community may acquire grammars that differ somewhat in scale and subtlety. These variations in structure are limited ..." (1975: 38).

Non-linguistic Knowledge Descriptive-Prescriptive What people do what books say Examples of prescriptive rules split infinitives negative concord

real as adverb; like as conjunct, etc OTHERS?? Chapter 1 What is grammar? What do we know? How come?

Non-linguistic knowledge. Now a little more on hierarchies, p. 4

Recently Viewed Presentations

  •  First Nations and Inuit (Aboriginals) were the original

    First Nations and Inuit (Aboriginals) were the original

    First Nations and Inuit (Aboriginals) were the original peoples living in North America long before Canada was discovered by Europeans. Before colonization, their territories encompassed most of Canada. Colonization began when explorers were sent to discover and settle territory for...
  • Physical Characteristics of Russia and Central Asia

    Physical Characteristics of Russia and Central Asia

    Largest nation in the world (2x size of U.S.) Russia is larger than Pluto. 25% of Russia is located in Europe and 75% is located in Asia (Eurasia) 77% of Russia is located in Siberia. Russia covers 11 different time...
  • Chapter 3 Effects of IT on Strategy and Competition

    Chapter 3 Effects of IT on Strategy and Competition

    Levers Organizational variables, control variables, and cultural variables are the levers managers can use to affect change in their organization. This is a more detailed model than the business diamond and gives specific areas where IS can be used to...
  • Prezentace aplikace PowerPoint

    Prezentace aplikace PowerPoint

    ČINOHERNÍ DIVADLO. s literaturou nejúžeji spojený divadelní žánr postavený především na základě slovesném (mluveném slově) může být doprovázen složkou hudební (písně, scénická hudba) a taneční - ty ale nejsou v díle tou nejpodstatnější částí
  • Whole Numbers; How To Dissect And Solve Word Problems

    Whole Numbers; How To Dissect And Solve Word Problems

    With a chain discount of 20/15/10, what is the net price? Find the net price equivalent rate (multiply the complements) .80 x .85 x .90 = .612 $15,000 x .612 = $9,180 Trade Discount Amount $15,000 - $9,180 = $5,820...
  • Mesoamerican Civilizations

    Mesoamerican Civilizations

    Human Sacrifice Each Aztec city contained a pyramid where they practiced human sacrifice as a way to postpone the end of the world. Destruction of the Aztec The subjugation of the people of the Aztec Empire bred hatred and discontent...
  • Composite Applications 2.0 -

    Composite Applications 2.0 -

    Build applications completely with software. ... Developers need new app models and frameworks. ... Azure stellt eine besondere Art des Hostings dar. Azure ist eine Cloud Plattform, auf der Unternehmen ihre (zum Teil eigens für Azure entwickelte) Software über eine...


    Pd kons. tinggi Hb berkombinasi dgn O2 untuk membentuk Oksihemoglobin (HbO2) dan reaksi bergeser ke kanan Tiap atom Fe dlm mol. Hb mengikat satu mol. O2 Bila kita plot jml Oksihemoglobin yg ada pada tiap kons. O2 diperoleh kurva disosiasi...