Graduate Medical Education in Montana: Key Issues

Graduate Medical Education in Montana: Key Issues

GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION (GME) IN MONTANA: KEY ISSUES Montana Medical Association March 11, 2016 WHAT DOES FM RESIDENCY TRAINING CONSIST OF? Continuity clinic Individual patient panels Clinical rotations in multiple specialty areas

12 to 13 blocks of 28-30 days per resident per year Approximately 750 per year for Montanas current 72 residents Similar for 3rd and 4th year medical students Conferences Multiple per week WHY DONT WE HAVE MORE RESIDENCIES IN MT? Development costs Physician leadership Program directors and faculty

Limited resources Practicing physician teachers in our communities Accreditation obstacles and complexities MONTANAS GME HISTORY Montana Family Medicine Residency Billings First class matriculated 1995 24 residents / 8 per class Family Medicine Residency of Western Montana

Missoula and Kalispell First class matriculated 2013 30 residents / 10 per class Billings Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Billings First class matriculated 2014 18 residents / 6 per class (expanding to 8 w private funding) HOW DOES MONTANA STACK UP IN GME? High New York: 79

Massachusetts: 76 Pennsylvania: 56 Low Wyoming: 7 Alaska: 5 Idaho: 4 Montana: 2 (increasing to approximately 7 in 2016) WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? Family Medicine February 2015 55% of FM graduates in U.S practice within 100 miles of

their residency Reached 70% in a handful of states (including MT!) Thus, addressing the primary care shortage, particularly in underserved areas, will require an increase in the number of residency positions in those locations. 2010-2012 WWAMI EXPERIENCE 6 Practice In Montana

MONTANA FM RESIDENCY RECRUITING SUCCESS MFMR Residents: MT Med Students: WWAMI Grads: Non-Montanans: TOTAL = 70/105 69% Retention Rate 105

35 21 70 THE INITIAL FMRWM EXPERIENCE At least 5 and perhaps 7 of the 2016 graduating class will remain in Montana 4 in rural communities 1 in the CHC in Helena WHAT INCREASES THE LIKELIHOOD OF A RESIDENT PRACTICING IN THE RURAL AND UNDERSERVED

PARTS OF MONTANA? More exposure to rural medical communities Clear understanding of the unique cultures of rural communities Good quality and comprehensive training

Opportunities for loan repayment / forgiveness Simply placing a larger number of physicians in MT will not solve the rural / underserved workforce issues. HOW ARE MT RESIDENCIES FUNDED?

HISTORY OF HOSPITAL AND STATE FUNDING OF GME APPROXIMATE AMOUNTS Billings Clinic and St Vincent Healthcare Providence St. Patrick

Community Medical Center Kalispell Regional Medical Center State Funding of GME 1996-2015

$4,500,000 2013-2015 $ 720,000 $319,000-$519,000 annually WHERE DOES THE STATE FUNDING RESIDE? Within the MUS budget Connected to DPHHS (state Medicaid contract)

Allows 3:1 federal matching dollars to increase the total state funding from $519,336 to approximately $1.5M per year RETURN ON GME INVESTMENT $1.9 Million generated/yr $218,000 (resident/yr) THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF INVESTMENT IN GME Family Medicine Residency Return on Investment*

Annual economic impact of one new FM physician $1,958,600 Cost to educate one Montana FM physician $ 928,500 (Adjusting for 70% retention rate) ROI in year 1 and every year thereafter

* Source: Family Medicine Residency Return on Investment Study by Larry White 2.11 x THE ECONOMIC BENEFIT OF MFMR GRADUATES 1998-2015 MFMR Graduates in Montana: 70 physicians Total years of medical practice:

537 physician-yrs $1.98 million produced/physician/yr $1,063,260,000 WHAT WOULD ADDITIONAL MT GME FUNDING ACCOMPLISH? Additional state funding would help to increase training in rural areas and increase the number of graduating physicians who practice there.

SUMMARY: KEY POINTS Graduate Medical Education (GME) or residency is the specialty training that occurs after medical school. Physicians are considerably more likely to practice in the vicinity of their residency than their medical school. The creation of residency slots is a key mechanism to increase the number of primary care physicians in MT. Residents are more likely to practice in rural and underserved areas if they train in them. Increased state funding would enhance the ability of the current residencies to provide rural training and more rural graduates.

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