Geography Terms - Seneca Valley School District

Geography Terms - Seneca Valley School District

Geography Terms World History Island

An area of land completely surrounded by water Lake

A large body of water surrounded by land River A large stream of water that flows into a

lake or ocean or other body of water Delta A triangular deposit of sand and soil that

collects at the mouth of some rivers Mouth The part of a river where its waters flow

into another body of water Channel A narrow deep waterway connecting two

bodies of water OR the deepest part of a river or waterway Valley

Low land between hills or mountains Cape A point of land extending into a body of

water Mountain Range A row of connected mountains

Peninsula Land surrounded by water on all sides but one

Gulf Part of an ocean extending into land and usually larger than a bay

Mountain A land form with high elevation and a pointed or rounded top higher than a hill

Volcano An opening in the earths surface through which steam and ashes and lava are

forced out Strait A narrow waterway connecting two large

bodies of water Tributary A stream or river that flows into a larger

stream or river Desert A dry barren region that may be sandy

without trees Bay Part of an ocean or lake extending into

land and usually smaller than a gulf Plain A broad and flat or gently rolling area

usually low in elevation Archipelago A group of many islands

Oasis A fertile place in the desert where there is water and some vegetation

Canal A waterway dug across land through which ships can pass

Swamp Low wet land that supports grass and trees

Glacier A huge mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain

Harbor A sheltered area of water where ships can anchor safely

Marsh Low land with moist soil and tall grass

Timberline Line on a mountain above which it is too cold for trees to grow

Canyon Deep narrow valley with steep sides Bluff

High steep face or rock or earth Plateau Area of high flat land with steep sides

Foothill Hill area at the base of a mountain

Mesa Flat mountain top with steep sides Waterfall

Steep drop from a high place to a lower place in a stream or river Sea

Body of salt water smaller than an ocean Coast Land along a sea or ocean

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