From Print to Hypertext: Digital Media and New Literary ...

From Print to Hypertext: Digital Media and New Literary ...

From Print to Hypertext: Digital Media and New Literary Genres in Latin(o) America Claire Taylor, University of Liverpool Literary Heritage and Digital Media negotiations of existing literary genres variety of works on a continuum speak back to rich Hispanic tradition of literary experimentation New media genres dont exist in vacuum

Dialogue with pre-digital literary movements: e.g. poesa concretista; caligramas; testimonio; crnica (New) Hybrid Forms... Twitter-poetry Electronic ballads Blog-aforismos Hypertext short stories Blognovela Novela colectiva Hypertext short stories

Hypertext documentaries Anipoemas Microrrelatos..... . Twitter Poetry Growing and popular genre Cf Jason Camlot tickertext1 and tickertext2 (2010)

Gavin Heaton TwitterPoetry (2007-) creative use of Twitters formal aspects, partic. restriction to 140 characters Cf haiku Creative use of digital aspects, partic. possibilities for re-tweetings & linking of Twitter content to other social media platforms Eduardo Navas Eduardo Navas: Poemita

individual micropoems Shared themes: new media technologies themselves; poetic medium; political statements Once upon a time, a cloud became the paradigm of quantification time-worn literary trope classic feature of haiku: reference to the natural environment BUT tag clouds: keyword metadata quantified & visualized

Electronic Ballads Argentine-Spanish author Beln Gache Radical karaoke (2011) re-mixes set phrases and commonplaces allows the reader-user to create re-mixes of voice, sounds, images, and special effects draws on Hispanic heritage of ballads & oral poetry AND on technologically-enabled karaoke

Radical karaoke Radikal Karaoke 3 options: 1. Ex Africa semper aliquid novi 2. Mirad como Kate presume de su anillo 3. We have no past, you have no present Pliny the Elder: Africa always brings us something new Kate Middleton-mania... Intertextual reference to punk...

Radikal Karaoke V6: slaves; trapped in system of corporate capitalism Text: nosotros somos los protagonistas V4: hyponotized by consumerism, slave to technology

User interpellated into the system Blog-Aforismos Navass Minima Moralia Redux (2011-) re-mixes and visualizes Adornos Minima Moralia: Reflexionen aus dem beschdigten Leben (written 1944-47) Adorno: 153 aphorisms Punning on Aristotles treatise on ethics, Magna Moralia Adorno: social practices and institutions, political and

economic structures, the bourgeois era and the fate of the individual Andreas Bernard, Adornos attempt to spell out the alienation of the individual into its minutest ramifications in everyday life Challenging the Libro de Aforismos as Genre Adorno: speak out against alienation awaken the reader to his/her situation: Caught in the political and economic structures constructed by the state in alliance with capital

very genre itself a collection of aphorisms is undermined by the content book of aphorisms is a bourgeois genre conduct literature: how to behave in accordance with societal norms Adorno: unmask the structures underlying social norms Navass Aforismos Boxes of lexia, based on Adornos original Visualization remixed visualization

E.g Aphorism 14 Adorno: Private life however is also marked by this Navas: Private life is certainly marked by this, quite inevitably, given that the concept of private was originally conceived by the very system that now datamines it in the name of the emerging social media market. Just as Adorno critqued the medium of aphorism, so too Navas critiques medium of social media... Aphorisms for the Twenty-First Century Adornos

aphorism Navass remixed aphorism Hypertext Short Fictions Beln Gache, WordToys (2006) tm 14 individual short fictions e.g. Por qu se suicid la seorita Chao?

Story: response to the question posed in the title generated at random by an algorithm sequence of lexia in different coloured fonts principal actors in the story la sociedad china, la seorita Li sus padres recombined along with set phrases & outcomes Beln Gache, WordToys (2006) narrative multi-sequentiality as enabled by new media technologies role of character within new narratology

YET: limits of these potentially liberatory new media technologies always ends on same concluding sentence to the story: Dado que la sociedad se ha tornado en extremo peligrosa, debemos estar alertas para evitar que nos infrinja a nosotros mismos su golpe fatal. Citation from Mao Tse Tung conclusion to the story is already pre-written.... Conclusions Continuing dialogue between print and

digital formats Literary experimentation online Self-reflexive status Role of reader-user in activating the works Often critique of limitations of digital media technologies... Try Them Out for Yourself... See my links saved on delicious: Follow me on Twitter: @Claire_Taylor_M

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