fdf - Ruđer Bošković Institute

fdf - Ruđer Bošković Institute

Benchmark study on uncertainty assessment in numerical predictions of global wave loads in damaged ships J. Parunov, C. Guedes Soares, S. Hirdaris, Y. Lee, S. Liu, A. Papanikolau, J. Prpi-Ori , M. Rodrigues, P. Ruponen ISSC-ITTC Workshop on load uncertainties - Wuxi, China 16/09/2017 Background & Aims Initiated within MARSTRUCT Virtual Institute in December 2016 Challenges: How to incorporate damage effects in seakeeping analysis ? Quantification and modelling of wave load uncertainties (ISSC-ITTC Special Task Committee) . Goals: To conduct the first uncertainty study on numerical prediction of loads on damaged ships; Aquiring valuable information regarding damage modelling in seakeeping analysis of damaged ship; Providing a rational basis for definition of the uncertainty model to be used in structural reliability studies of damaged ships. 2 Benchmark ship Lee, Y., Chan, H.-S., Pu, Y., Incecik, A. and Dow, R. S., 2012., Global wave loads on a damaged ship, Ships and Offshore Structures, 7(3). pp. 237-268. SSC-459, Reliability-Based Performance Assessment of Damaged Ships, Ship Structure Committee, 2011. E. Begovic,A.H. Day, A. Incecik: An experimental study of hull girder loads on an intact and damaged naval ship, Ocean Engineering 133 (2017) 4765 3 Benchmark ship 4 Benchmark ship 5 Benchmark participants NTUA - Newdrift (3D panel code ) (S. Liu, A. Papanikolau) University of Rijeka -WASIM(3D panel code) (J.Prpi-Ori, N. Vitali ) NAPA - Strip method (P. Ruponen, S. Kalske and T. Manderbacka) University of Zagreb - BV HydroSTAR (J. Parunov, M.orak) Lloyds register WAVELOAD-FD software (3D panel frequency domain ship motion analysis) ( Y. Lee) University of Lisbon - Weakly nonlinear (nonlinear Froude-Krylov ) time-domain method with GAMPIT (Generalized Adaptive Mesh Pressure Integration Technique) (M. Rodrigues, C. Guedes Soares) 6 Model visualisation (panelization of wetted surface) 7 Test matrix and model verification Hydrostatic particulars : V (m3) UNIRI 8690 IST ---NAPA 8774 LR 8749 NTUA 8379 UNIZG 8351 LCB (m) 72.4 ----70.1 69.8 70.2 70.6 8 Quantification of uncertainties

Also known as Frequency-Independent Modal Error (FIME) 0.0180 VBM - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR 0.0160 IST y = 1.20x R = 0.89 0.0140 0.0250 0.0120 0.0200 0.0100 0.0150 0.0080 y = 1.04x R = 0.95 0.0060 0.0100 0.0040 0.0050 0.0000 0.00 0.0020 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0020 0.0040 0.0060 0.0080 0.0100 0.0120 0.0140

Results for intact ship X-axis : sqrt (L/g) Y-axis: non-dimensional transfer function PITCH - HEAD WAVES (B=180) HEAVE - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR UNIZG IST NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR 1.40 1.00 1.20 0.80 1.00 0.60 0.80 0.40 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.00 0.00 NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP IST

LR 1.50 UNIZG 0.0250 0.0200 0.0200 0.0150 0.0150 0.0100 0.0100 0.0050 0.0050 0.0000 0.00 1.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.00 NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.50 1.00 NAPA 1.50 UNIRI 2.00 NTUA 2.50

EXP 3.00 LR 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 4.50 5.00 TM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) HBM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) UNIZG 2.00 VBM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) VBM - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG 0.50 UNIZG IST NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR IST 0.0040 0.0120 0.0100 0.0030 0.0080 0.0020 0.0060 0.0040 0.0010 0.0020 0.0000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00

0.0000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 10 FIME for intact ship Pitch Head Seas Intact Ship Heave Head Seas Intact Ship 1.50 1.70 1.50 UNIZG 1.30 NAPA 1.10 UNIRI 0.90 NTUA LR 1.30 UNIZG NAPA 1.10 UNIRI 0.90 NTUA LR 0.70 0.70 0.50 0.50 VBM Head Seas Intact Ship VBM Stern Quartering Seas Intact Ship 1.50 1.50 1.30 1.10 UNIZG 1.30 NAPA 1.10 UNIRI 0.90

UNIZG NAPA UNIRI 0.90 NTUA 0.70 LR 0.50 NTUA 0.70 LR 0.50 TM Stern Quartering Seas Intact Ship HBM Stern Quartering Seas Intact Ship 2.30 1.50 2.10 1.30 1.10 0.90 UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA 0.70 0.50 1.90 1.70 1.50 NAPA 1.30 UNIRI 1.10 NTUA 0.90 LR UNIZG 0.70 0.50 LR 11 Results for damaged ship - symetrical damage DS3 HEAVE - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR PITCH - HEAD WAVES (B=180) IST UNIZG 1.20

1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 1.60 1.40 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.20 0.00 0.00 VBM - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR 0.50 IST UNIZG 0.0200 0.0200 0.0150 0.0150 0.0100 0.0100 0.0050 0.0050 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00

4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.00 HBM- STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) UNIZG 0.0120 0.0100 0.0080 0.0060 0.0040 0.0020 0.0000 0.00 NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR 1.50 UNIRI 2.00 NTUA 2.50 EXP 3.00 LR 3.50 IST 4.00 4.50 5.00 4.50 5.00 4 .12 50 5.00 VBM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) 0.0250 0.0000 0.00 1.00 NAPA 0.50 1.00 NAPA 1.50 UNIRI 2.00

NTUA 2.50 EXP 3.00 LR 3.50 IST 4.00 TM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) IST UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR IST 0.0040 0.0030 0.0020 0.0010 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 FIME for damaged ship - symetrical damage DS3 Heave Head Seas DS3 Pitch Head Seas DS3 1.50 1.50 1.30

UNIZG 1.30 1.10 NAPA 1.10 UNIZG NAPA UNIRI UNIRI 0.90 NTUA 0.90 0.70 LR 0.70 0.50 NTUA LR 0.50 VBM Head Seas DS3 VBM Stern Quartering Seas DS3 1.50 1.50 1.30 UNIZG 1.30 UNIZG 1.10 NAPA 1.10 NAPA UNIRI 0.90 NTUA 0.70 LR 0.50 TM Stern Quartering Seas DS3 8.50 1.30 UNIZG 1.10 NAPA 0.50 LR 0.50

1.50 0.70 NTUA 0.70 HBM Stern Quartering Seas DS3 0.90 UNIRI 0.90 UNIRI NTUA LR 6.50 UNIZG NAPA 4.50 2.50 0.50 UNIRI NTUA LR 13 Results for damaged ship - unsymetrical damage DS2 PITCH - HEAD WAVES (B=180) HEAVE - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR UNIZG IST NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR IST 1.40 1.00 1.20 0.80 1.00 0.60 0.80 0.60 0.40 0.40 0.20 0.00 0.00

0.20 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.00 0.00 VBM - HEAD WAVES (B=180) UNIZG UNIRI NTUA 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 VBM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) EXP 0.0200 UNIZG UNIRI NTUA EXP 0.0200 0.0150 0.0150 0.0100 0.0100 0.0050 0.0000 0.00 0.0050 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00

2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.00 HBM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA EXP LR IST UNIZG 0.0100 0.0080 0.0080 0.0060 0.0060 0.0040 0.0040 0.0020 0.0020 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 4 .14 50 5.00

TM - STERN QUARTERING WAVES (B=45) 0.0100 0.0000 0.00 0.50 4.50 5.00 0.0000 0.00 0.50 1.00 NAPA 1.50 UNIRI 2.00 NTUA 2.50 EXP 3.00 LR 3.50 IST 4.00 FIME for damaged ship - unsymetrical damage DS2 Pitch Head seas DS2 Heave Head seas DS2 1.50 1.50 1.30 UNIZG 1.30 UNIZG 1.10 UNIRI 1.10 UNIRI NTUA 0.90 0.90 0.70 0.70 0.50 0.50 VBM Stern quartering Seas DS2 VBM Head Seas DS2 1.50 1.50

1.30 1.30 UNIZG UNIZG 1.10 1.10 UNIRI 0.90 NTUA 0.70 0.50 UNIRI 0.90 NTUA 0.70 0.50 HBM Stern quartering Seas DS2 TM Stern quartering Seas DS2 1.50 7.50 1.30 6.50 UNIZG 1.10 0.90 NTUA 5.50 UNIZG 4.50 UNIRI 3.50 UNIRI 2.50 0.70 0.50 NTUA 1.50 0.50 NTUA 15 Comparison of FIME 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 Heave Head Seas

Intact DS2 DS3 UNIZG 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR Pitch Head Seas Intact DS3 NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR Heave Stern Quartering Seas Intact DS2 DS3 UNIZG DS2 UNIZG 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR Pitch Stern Quartering Seas Intact DS2 DS3

UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR 16 Comparison of FIME 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 Intact VBM Head Seas DS2 DS3 UNIZG 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 NAPA UNIRI NTUA HBM Stern Quartering Seas 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 LR Intact DS2 DS3 VBM Stern Quartering Seas Intact DS2 DS3 UNIZG 1.8 NAPA UNIRI HBM Beam Seas NTUA

LR Intact 1.6 DS2 1.4 DS3 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR UNIZG NAPA UNIRI NTUA LR 17 Conclusions Provisional results of uncertainty assessment using Frequency Independent Model Error (FIME) indicate: Motion components are in good agreement with experiments for intact and damaged ship, for both head waves (HW) & quartering waves (QW). FIME is always within +/-10% error band. VWBM in HW for intact ship shows good agreement with experiments. FIME of VWBM in HW for damaged ship is note worse compared to the intact ship (surprising!) Even more surprising, FIME of VWBM for QW is improved compared to the intact ship. Strip theory overestimates VWBM amidships for HS for intact and damaged ship. For QS, however, such conclusion is not valid as FIME is not always larger then 1. TM shows large discrepancy compared to the experiments. (It could be meaningful to investigate the effects due to linearised viscous roll damping values.) Experimental uncertainties: carried out the model tests in 2004 and 2005, and that time error bars have not been used (used averaged values). These conclusions may be useful for classification societies, SOLAS and navies as they show that the added mass method for modelling effects of damage leads to the results of the same level of accuracy for damaged as for the intact ship. 18 Aknowledgement Croatian Science Foundation - projects 8722 & 8658 SHOPERA - Energy Efficient Safe SHip OPERAtion, which was partially funded by the EU under contract 605221 and the University of Rijeka (contract no. 13.09.1.1.05) European Commission research project HOLISHIP under the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program with grant agreement no. 689074 University of Zagreb International Mobility Grant and Research Support Grant 19

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