Eu-net-adb

Eu-net-adb

EU-NET-ADB Studying internet addictive behaviour in middle adolescence Katarzyna Zygmunt-Hernandez Nobodys Children Foundation, Poland 1 Problem of Internet Addictive Behaviour Characteristics: Lack of control over the internet usage Negative consequences of internet on life

Dominating role of internet in the life 2 Adolscents as risk group Internet Addictive Behaviour 3 Previous findings Excessive use of the internet among children in 27 European countries Question: How often have these things happened to you? Source: S. Livingstone et al. (2011), Risks and Safety in the Internet, EU Kids Online study 4

EU-NET-ADB study Project aims: 1 Evaluate the prevalence and determinants of Internet addictive behaviour among European adolescents. 2 Assess qualitatively the development of borderline

addictive Internet use among European adolescents. 3 Increase awareness among the wider public regarding internet addictive behaviour among European adolescents 4

Enhance the knowledge base required for the development of strategies relating to Internet addictive behaviour among youth in Europe. The project is funded by the Safer Internet programme of the European Commission; SI-2010-KEP-4101007 5 Study design N= 14.000 N= 140

6 Partners participating University of Akureyi Iceland Landeszentrale fr Medien und Kommunikation Rheinland-Pfalz & University Medical Center Mainz Germany IVO Addiction Research Institute Netherlands Nobodys Children Foundation Poland University of

Medicine and Pharmacy lasi Romania Protegeles Spain Adolescent Health Unit University of Athens Greece 7 National samples 2038 12 1310 16 2000* 20

Quantitative study sample Qualitative study sample 1604* 20 * Will be completed 2056 20 1813* 20 10 136 128 1495* 20 8

Qualitative Methodology Process of recruitment School-based (10th grade) Cover letters (school, children, parents) Individual labeled questionnaire sets (IAT30) Invitation to clinic or institution for a 30-50 minutes semi-structured interview 9 Qualitative Methodology Interview schedule

PART A: PART B: PART C: PART D: PART E: Warm up Internet use and its evolution Needs met Self-perceived repercussions Personal aims in regard to internet use 10 Qualitative Methodology EU PARTNERS UMC Mainz

AHU First Wave Second Wave Last Wave Interview with 5 participants Interview with 5 participants Interview with 10 participants First stage of analysis

First stage of analysis First stage of analysis translation translation translation In-depth analysis Adaption of interviewstructure In-depth analysis

Adaption of interviewstructure In-depth analysis Final analysis of all interviews 11 Quantitative Methodology Target population All adolescents: aged 15-16 years resident in the territory of every participating country attending school (10th grade) a nationally representative, randomly selected sample of 2000 adolescent per country

12 Quantitative Methodology Administration Self-administered questionnaires handed out in classrooms Anonymous and confidential Duration ca. 45 minutes 13 Quantitative Pilot Study Development of questionnaire 52 items Including IAT and IAS tests

Translation 2 independent transalators Backtranslation Cognitive testing Focus groups in each country Testing language and cultural context Pilot study in schools 1634 Participants in 7 countries

Testing questionnaires and procedure Conclusions Adaptation and amelioration of the questionnaire Estabilishment of the study procedure Choice of IAT test 14 Quantitative Methodology EU-NET-ADB Master Questionnaire Design Socio-demographic data Internet

Addiction Test K. Young Family South oaks gambling screen (SOGS) Time spent online School achievements Internet usage characteristics Parental control Achenbachs Youth Self Report (YSR) 1.Withdrawal

2.Somatic complaints 3.Anxiousness and depression 4.Social problems 5.Thinking problems 6.Attention problems 7.Deliquent behaviour 8.Aggressive behaviour Scale for the assessment of computer game Addiction (AICA-S) Negative experience online (EU-Kids-Online Questions) 15 EU-NET-ADB Timeline

16 Sample structure Gender & Countries N=10136 17 Preliminary Findings How often do adolescents use the internet? <6 days/week 6-7 days/week All youth 39,5% 60,5%

Male 35,9% 64,1% Female 42,9% 57,1% 18 Preliminary Findings How often do adolescents use the internet? 19

Preliminary Findings Adolescent who have profile on Social Networking Sites 20 Preliminary Findings 21 Preliminary Findings Prevalence of internet addictive behaviours Borderline internet addictive behaviours (40-69 points) Internet addictive behaviours (70-100 points)

Spain 19.5% 1.5% Romania 15.0% 1.7% Poland 11.5% 1.3% Netherlands

10.9% 0.9% Greece 9.5% 1.7% Iceland 6.8% 0.8% 22 Preliminary Findings Problematic internet behaviour (Internet Addiction Test40)

23 Preliminary Findings Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction (Scale for the assessment of computer game Addiction AICA-S) Normal use (<7 points) Gaming Abuse (7-13 points) Gaming Addiction (13.5-27 points) All youth 83.3%

13.2% 3.4% Male 78.3% 16.9% 4.7% Female 92.8% 6.4% 0.9%

24 Preliminary Findings Prevelence of computer gaming abuse & addiction (Scale for the assessment of computer game Addiction AICA-S) 25 Thank you for your attention Contact with EU-NET-ADB Consortium: Artemis Tsitsika ([email protected]) Eleni Tzavela ([email protected]) Szymon Wjcik ([email protected]) Find more on: www.eunetadb.med.uoa.gr 26

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