ΕΠΛ001: ΕΙΣΑΓΩΓΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΛΡΟΦΟΡΙΚΗΣ

ΕΠΛ001: ΕΙΣΑΓΩΓΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΛΡΟΦΟΡΙΚΗΣ

003: . - 2

. , . . . :

3 : , , , . :

(Hardware) Hardware) ) (Hardware) Software) ). 4 (Hardware):Hardware):): , , , , , , ,

, , , . 5 (Hardware):Software):): :

, (Microsoft Word), Microsoft Word), ), (Microsoft Word), Photoshop), . ), . : (Hardware):.., 6 : :

(Microsoft Word), / ) (Microsoft Word), ) /: (Microsoft Word), . ) 7

4,8,42,1 9

73 8

(Microsoft Word), ) , . H (Microsoft Word), /)

, 9 , , , , . : 10

. , . !

6 (Microsoft Word), ). : 11 12

H : . : 13

! : , , , , . 14 15 16 2500 ..: ,

(Microsoft Word), ) 17 1641 ..: Pascal . : Le) ibniz , , , 18 18 : Jacquard

(Microsoft Word), p), . unched), card), s). . 19 1823: Babbage) , . : , : , , -, .

20 19 : Ada Augusta Byron Babbage (Microsoft Word), ). 1890: Holle) rith , , . 21 1936: Alan Turing

. Turing 22

Turing test? Live examp), . le: http), . ://alice.p), . and), orabots.com http://xkcd.com/329 23 1939: Atanasoff Be) rry Iowa ABC, (Microsoft Word), ).

24 : Alan Turing ACE (Microsoft Word), Automatic Compute) r Engine) ) 25,000 / . 1946: ENIAC, 25m 2.5m . 1m 30 18,000

25 26 1950: Pennsylvania: EDVAC, o Eckert-von Neumann (Microsoft Word), , ). 27

von Neumann (Microsoft Word), !) 4 & (Microsoft Word), )

/ 28 1947: . 1959-1965: / . 1956-1975: . /. 70: . -. O Se) ymour Cray CRAY-1, 1976. 80:

29 1983: Apple) Lisa, . 30 1989: (Microsoft Word), CERN) . 1989-1992: http,

, . 31 (Hardware) 1946-1953)

(Hardware) 1 0). : . . 32 (Hardware) 1946-1953) ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer)

25m 2.5m 1m 30 18,000 $ 500 000 (Hardware):~ $ 6 000 000) pe):e):d ~ 100 Kz (~357 /)z (~357 /)z (Hardware):~357 /) , , , . 33

(Hardware) 1952-1963) . (Microsoft Word), , )

34 (Hardware) 19461953) (Microsoft Word), assembly - ). (Microsoft Word), .., FORTRAN, COBOL, ) /. assembly assembly

. 35 (Hardware) 19521963) 1 Mhz TRADIC (Microsoft Word), TRAnsistor Digital Comp), . uter)

1954 Bell, . 36 (Hardware) 1962-1975)

(Integrated (Hardware) Small-Scale) nte) gration, Circuit) SSI). chip), . . (Microsoft Word), Me) dium-Scale) Inte) gration, MSI). : chip), . . , , , (Microsoft Word), chip)

37 (Hardware) 19621975) : (Hardware) ): (Hardware) .., ) (Microsoft Word), .. ,

, .) . (Microsoft Word), .., ), . 38 (Hardware) 1962-1975) , ,

. : / . 39 (Hardware) 1972 90) ! chip!

(Hardware) Large) -Scale) Inte) gration, LSI). chip), . . (Microsoft Word), Ve) ry Large) -scale) Inte) gration, VLSI). 40 (Hardware) 1972 90)

. 80: (Microsoft Word), Personal Comp), . uters, PC) . UNIX, MS-DOS 1984: Macintosh PC, 41

(Hardware) 1972 90 90) Microsoft: Wind), ows Microsoft (Microsoft Word), .., MS Excel, MS Word), , MS Access) . : ethernet . (Hardware) World Wide) We) b):

42 (Hardware) 90 - ) Windows Mac OS Ubuntu , ,

Linux 43 (Hardware) 90 - ) : .

, (Microsoft Word), Smartp), . hones) (Microsoft Word), Smart Ap), . p), . liances) . 44 :

(Microsoft Word), ) : /. .. : , (Microsoft Word), Drivers), , . . .., : Microsoft Word), (Microsoft Word), ), . 45

: (Microsoft Word), ) . ..: , , , . .

. 46 ( / ) ( )

( ) 47 (Microsoft Word), , , )

, . (Microsoft Word), .., Cruise) 48 On-line banking

(Microsoft Word), ) - 49

(Microsoft Word), .., ) ,

50 (Microsoft Word), d), istance learning) (Microsoft Word), simulators) . (Microsoft Word), , ) , (Microsoft Word), vid), eo on d), emand), )

! 51 () ; : 1. . 2. . 3. . 4. .

: , , ; 52 . : &

& - 53 . : & &

& ; 54 55 : I think there is a world), market for maybe five comp), . uters. Thomas Watson, IBM, 1943. There is no reason anyone would), want a

comp), . uter in their home. Ken Olson, DEC, 1977.

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