End Times: The Rapture - Grace Bible Church

End Times: The Rapture - Grace Bible Church

FOUR-PART SERIES: THE RAPTURE TRIBULATION MILLENNIAL KINGDOM NEW HEAVENS-NEW EARTH THE RAPTURE OUR GOALS Be encouraged from Gods Prophetic Word Fight eschatological agnosticism & indifference Sharpen our Bible study skills Observation Interpretation Application BACKGROUND Timeline of the Bible *

Overview of OT History * Our Glorious Future * * See handout TI ME LI NE OF THE BI BLE The New J erusalem (J ohn 14: 2-3; Heb. 12: 22-23; Rev. 21: 10-27) J udgment Seat of Christ (1 Cor. 3: 10-15; 2 Cor. 5: 10) New Heaven New Earth Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Rev. 19: 7- 9)

(Rev. 21: 1; I sa. 65: 17) Great White Throne (Rev. 20: 11- 15) 2nd Resurrection Adam Abraham * Gentiles 7-year Tribulation Israel ( Church )

(Deut. 7:6) (Matt. 16:18) Israel 1,000 years Millennium (Dan. 9:24-27) (Isa 2:1-4; 35:1-10; Rev. 20:6) * 1 Corinthians 10:32 distinguishes between gentiles, Israel, and the church ** 1 Corinthians 15:23 refers to order of the First Resurrection, beginning with Christ, the first fruits *** Resurrection of Old Testament Saints (Eze. 37:13-14) and martyred Tribulation saints (Rev. 20:4) (Rev. 20: 13) Lake of Fire (Rev. 19:20;

20:10, 15) Dr. Jim Klubnik Biblical Resources, Inc. An Overview of Old Testament History CREATION JACOB MOVED TO EGYPT EXODUS WILDERNESS WANDERINGS 1876 1446 Genesis

ISRAEL CROSSES CONQUEST JUDGES JORDAN COMPLETED BEGIN ca. 1399 1406 Exodus Lev., Num., Deut. (430 years) (40 years) SAUL RULES 1051

ca. 1350 Joshua Judges & Ruth (ca. 299 years) (7 years) (ca. 19 years) (Job?) SAUL DAVID SOLOMON RULES RULES RULES 1051 1011 KINGDOM DIVIDED 1 Kings 12931

722 971 (209 years) 1 Samuel 2 Samuel & 1 Chron. 1 Kings 1-11 (40 years) (40 years) (40 years)

CONQUERS ISRAEL BABYLON CONQUERS JUDAH ISRAEL JUDAH 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 24 & 2 Chron. 10-36 & 2 Chron. 1-9 Psalms 2 Kings 17 Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon

(345 years) 740-680 Isaiah Amos Hosea Micah BABYLONIAN EXILE (70 years) Pre-exilic prophets 840-760 Obadiah Joel Jonah 586

TEMPLE REBUILT 627-580 Jeremiah Lamentations Habakkuk Zephaniah Nahum Exilic prophets Daniel Ezekiel Jeremiah (Ezra) 515 OLD TESTAMENT

CLOSES ca. 430 (85 years) Post-exilic prophets Haggai Zechariah Malachi (Ezra) Nehemiah Esther Israel at peace Israel persecuted Rev 20:4-6

Isa 2:2-4 Great White Throne judgment Rule of Antichrist Millennial Kingdom 1000 year reign of Christ Eternity Rev 21:1-5 Rev 20:7-15 Rise of Antichrist Rev 19:11-21

Rapture of the Church 1 Thess 4:16-17 Matt 24:21-22 Dan 9:27 Return of Jesus Great Tribulation 7 years New heavens & new earth Church Age THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17

The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? caught up Greek: harpazo Word Concept: sudden strength/force; seize; snatch Key Usages: term appears over 20 times in the GNT 1 Thess. 4:17 2 Cor. 12:2, 4 Phil. 2:6

Heb. 10:34 Rev. 12:15 John 10:28-29 Acts 8:39 Acts 23:10 Matt. 13:19 THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. THE RAPTURE

What is the Rapture? Key Usages: 2 Corinthians 12:2, 4 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago whether in the body I do not know, or out of the body I do not know, God knowssuch a man was caught up to the third heaven. And I know how such a manwhether in the body or apart from the body I do not know, God knows was caught up into Paradise and heard inexpressible words, which a man is not permitted to speak. THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Philippians 2:6 (Christ Jesus)who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be

grasped THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Hebrews 10:34 For you showed sympathy to the prisoners and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and a lasting one. THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Revelation 12:15 And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His throne.

THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: John 10:28-29 And I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Fathers hand. THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Acts 8:39 When they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord snatched Philip away; and the eunuch no longer saw him, but went on his way rejoicing.

THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Acts 23:10 And as a great dissension was developing, the commander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them and ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force, and bring him into the barracks. THE RAPTURE What is the Rapture? Key Usages: Matthew 13:19 When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches

away what has been sown in his heart. This is the one on whom seed was sown beside the road. THE RAPTURE Origination of the term rapture Latin Vulgate (Jerome, late 4th century) Translated harpazo in 1 Thess. 4:17 from Latin verb family rapio (seize; carried away in ones spirit) Simul rapiemun cum illis Together taken with them THE RAPTURE FIVE Aspects of the Rapture RETURN of Christ: in the air; not to earth RESURRECTION: saints from Pentecost to Rapture RAPTURE: living believers caught up into

the Lords presence w/o experiencing physical death. REUNION: with the Lord & other saints REASSURANCE: comfort one another with these words (death is not the victor!) THE RAPTURE IN CHURCH HISTORY Apostolic Fathers/Early Church: taught imminent return of Christ but were mainly post-trib (opposite) Medieval Church (500-1500): Origen & Augustine were amillennialists but pre-mil/pre-trib position held by Albigenses, Lombards, Waldnenses and Dolicinites. THE RAPTURE IN CHURCH HISTORY Reformation Church: pre-mil; pre-trib Thomas Collier (1674) Peter Jurieu (1687) John Askill (1700)

Phillip Doddridge (1738) Morgan Edwards (1744, 1788) John Gill (1748) James Macknight (1763) Thomas Scott (1792) J.N. Darby (1830) THREE VIEWS OF CHRISTS RETURN Premillennialism Rapture; Second Coming prior to onset of Christs earthly kingdom Postmillennialism No Rapture; Second Coming at end of Millennial Kingdom which was brought on by the Church Amillennialism No Rapture; No Millennial Kingdom Single event: Christ Return, Resurrections, Judgment, Eternity

Premillennialism * Final Judgment Second Coming of Christ Rapture Israel Church Great Tribulation Pre-tribulation Eternity Millennium Mid-tribulation Premillennialists typically believe that the Tribulation will precede the second coming of Christ,

and the subsequent establishment of the millennial kingdoma thousand-year reign of Christ on earth. The final judgment follows the millennium, then the eternal state. But, premillennial theologians are divided over the timing of the Rapture in relationship to the Tribulation. Dispensational Premillennialism (DP) espouses two basic features: (1) a distinction between Israel and the Church; (2) a consistent, literal (normal) method of interpretation of the Bible. DPs hold this order of last things: Rapture, Tribulation, Second Coming of Christ, 1000 reign of Christ on earth, Lake of Fire judgment for Satan, etc., & eternal state. Postmillennialism * Second Coming of Christ & Final Judgment The Church Age Tribulation Eternity Millennium

Society gradually improves Postmillennialism arose during the early 19th century CE and holds that view of last things which holds that the kingdom of God is now being extended in the world through the preaching of the gospel and the saving work of the Holy Spirit, that the world eventually is to be Christianized, and that the return of Christ will occur at the close of a long period of righteousness and peace, commonly called the millennium. The theory is based on the perception of a gradual movement towards social perfection. They predicted that a massive religious revival, spiritual awakening and purification would occur. The entire human race is converted to Christianity, including the Jews. A millennium of peace and righteousness follows. After the millennium, Jesus returns to earth, resurrects the dead believers, and conducts the last judgment. The Rapture and Tribulation are largely ignored. Amillennialism * Second Coming of Christ & Final Judgment Satans power is restrained Millennium

Eternity The Church Age Tribulation Amillennialists believe that the promises made to national Israel, David and Abraham, in the OT are fulfilled by Christ and the Church during this agethe entire period of time between the two advents of our Lord. Amillennialists hold that there will not be a literal, future 1000-year reign of Christ on the earth. They believe that the kingdom of God is present in the church age, and at the end of the present age, the eternal state begins without any intervening millennium. Events described in The Olivet Discourse (Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21) and in most of the book of Revelation are seen as occurrences which have already happened, or are symbolic in nature and not to be taken literally. The Antichrist is looked upon figuratively and not as a real person. At the end of the millennial age, Christ returns in judgment of all men. The general resurrection occurs, final judgments takes place for all men and women, and a new Heaven and Earth are established. THE RAPTURE Three Views of Premillennial Rapture Timing Pre-Tribulation Rapture Rapture of Church prior to the 7-year Tribulation

Mid-Tribulation Rapture Church is present for the 1st half of the 7-year Tribulation Rapture of Church at midpoint of the Tribulation but before the Great Tribulation Post-Tribulation Rapture Church is present throughout the Tribulation Rapture & Second Coming are facets of a single event occurring at the conclusion of the Tribulation THREE VI EWS ON THE RAPTURE OF THE CHURCH PRE-TRI BULATI ONAL (LI TERAL VI EW) MI D-TRI BULATI ONAL (PRE-WRATH) POST-TRI BULATI ONAL

Distinguishes between I srael and the Church Church and I srael are mixed during the Tribulation The Church and I srael are identical; go through the Tribulation together I mminent prior to the beginning of the Tribulation Rapture follows 3 + years of Tribulation not imminent Rapture follows 7 years of

Tribulation not imminent Last Trumpet for Believers (1 Cor. 15:52; 1 Thes. 4:16); gathered to be with the Lord Last Trumpet in series of seven I srael; announces J esus future reign (Rev. 10:7) Trumpets at Second Coming (I sa. 27:13; Zech. 9:14; Matt. 24:31) to gather believers on earth Believers rescued from wrath (1 Thes. 1:10; 5:9;

Rom. 5:9; Rev. 3:10) Believers only rescued from Great Wrath Believers rescued from last wrath upon unbelievers Day of the Lord comes like a thief in the night (1 Thes. 5:4) DANIELS 70 WEEKS (see also Matthew 24; Mark 13; Luke 21) Daniel 9:24-27 Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to

seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. 25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26 Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate. DANIELS 70 WEEKS (see also Matthew 24; Mark 13; Luke 21) * Daniel 9:24-27 (TIME/CHARACTERS/GROUPS/ACTIONS) Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy

city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. 25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26 Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate. DANIELS 70 WEEKS (see also Matthew 24; Mark 13; Luke 21) *

Daniel 9:24-27 (TIME/CHARACTERS/GROUPS/ACTIONS) Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place. 25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26 Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate. Daniels Seventy Weeks *

Decree to Rebuild Jerusalem Heaven Jerusalem Rebuilt Messiah Cut Off Church Raptured Church Age 49 years 7 weeks

434 years Christs Return Tribulation 7 years 62 weeks Intercalation 70 Total Weeks 1 week Millennial Kingdom

1,000 years Seventy Weeks Are Determined Dan. 9:24-27 * 69 Weeks Israel 7 Babylon 62 Delay (Ps.110) {Church} 483 years Fullness of the

Gentiles 606 1 Week 1260 42 Days Months 7 years Rom. 11:25 536 Luke 21:24 Times of The Gentiles 444 BC

33 AD Second Coming of Christ Rev. 19:11 KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 1:9-10 9 For they themselves report about us what kind of a reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God, 10 and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, who rescues us from the wrath to come. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES

1 Thessalonians 2:17-19 17 But we, brethren, having been taken away from you for a short whilein person, not in spiritwere all the more eager with great desire to see your face. 18 For we wanted to come to youI, Paul, more than onceand yet Satan hindered us. 19 For who is our hope or joy or crown of exultation? Is it not even you, in the presence of our Lord Jesus at His coming? KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 3:13 13 so that He may establish your hearts without blame in holiness before our God and Father at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all His saints.

KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 Why is Paul writing this section? What two events does the passage describe? What is the order of these two events? What two groups are presented in this passage? Where do these two groups meet the Lord? KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 * 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those

who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will

rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord.

18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that

Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and

remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11 Now as to the times and the epochs, brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you. 2 For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night. 3 While they are saying, Peace and safety! then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape. 4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; 5 for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; 6 so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. 7 For

those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. 8 But since we are of the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. 9 For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him. 11 Therefore encourage one another and build up one another, just as you also are doing. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Thessalonians 5:23 23 Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 Now we request you, brethren, with

regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, 2 that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 Corinthians 15:50-52 Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.

THE RAPTURE TRUMPET The Last Trumpet the final command that Christ provides for His church when He sends the signal to gather us together in the Rapture. Better understood as the trumpet of God in the parallel Rapture description in 1 Thess. 4:16 Commonly mistaken as the 7th trumpet in Rev. 11:15 but Rapture trumpet sounds before wrath of God Rev. 11 trumpet sounds at the end of wrath of God Rapture trumpet is called trump of God Rev. 11 trumpet is from an angel Rapture trumpet is a sole trumpet; not last in a series Rev. 11 trumpet is the last of seven in Revelation Rapture trumpet sounds before resurrection Rev 11 trumpet sounds after resurrection (11:12) Rapture trumpet heralds blessings Rev 11 trumpet heralds judgments

KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES John 14:1-3 Do not let your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. 2 In My Fathers house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. John 14:1-3 compared to 1 Thess. 4:13-18 * John 14:1-3 1 Thess. 4:13-18 John 14:1-3 * 1 Do not let your heart be troubled; believe

in God, believe also in Me. 2 In My Fathers house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. 1 Thess. 4:13-18 13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and

with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words John 14:1-3 compared to 1 Thess. 4:13-18 John 14:1-3 1 Thess. 4:13-18 The Lords return/descent from heaven The Lord will descend w/ a shout The Lord will receive His believers unto Himself

To meet the Lord in the air Believers can be with Him where He is And so shall we ever be with the Lord Presented to calm troubled hearts Comfort one another with these words John 14:1-3 compared to 1 Thess. 4:13-18 John 14:1-3 Trouble (14:1)

1 Thess. 4:13-18 Sorrow (4:13) Believe (14:1) Believe (4:14) God, me (14:1) Jesus, God (4:14) Told you (14:2) Say to you (4:15) Come again (14:3) Coming of the Lord (14:15) Receive you (14:3)

Caught up (14:17) To Myself (14:3) To meet the Lord (14:17) Be where I am (14:3) Ever be with the Lord (14:17) KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES Titus 2:11-13 For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, 12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, 13 looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of

our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 John 2:28 Now, little children, abide in Him, so that when He appears, we may have confidence and not shrink away from Him in shame at His coming. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES 1 John 3:2-3 Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. 3 And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES

1 Timothy 6:14 that you keep the commandment without stain or reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES Revelation 3:10 Because you have kept the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth. Note: the phrase those who dwell on the earth occurs 10 other times in Revelation. EVERY other time it clearly references them as objects of Gods wrath in the Tribulation. KEY RAPTURE PASSAGES Revelation 4:1

After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet speaking with me, said, Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after these things. Rev 4 places the 24 elders (church) in heaven Rev 5 overall plan for Gods wrath/judgment Rev 6 opening of judgment seals = the start of the Tribulation THE RAPTURE OFTHE CHURCH SECOND ADVENT OFJESUSCHRIST Sudden : I n a moment, in the twinkling of an eye (1 Cor. 15: 52

Scheduled: Follows the sevenyear Tribulation A Mystery: not mentioned in the Old Testament Prophesied: foretold in the Old Testament more than First Advent Believers meet the Lord in the air (1 Thes. 4: 17) [comfort] Christ returns to earth (Acts 1: 11) [judgment] Rewards: J udgment Seat of Christ (2 Cor 5: 10); Marriage Supper of Lamb (Rev 19: 7-10). J udgment: Separation of the

sheep and the goats (Matt. 25: 31-46) Church lives in New J erusalem (J ohn 14: 1-3; Rev. 21: 2) Millennial Kingdom is set up on the earth (I sa. 2; Rev. 20: 1-6 The Rapture (1 Thess. 4, etc.) The Second Coming (Rev. 19, etc.) Christ comes for His own Christ comes with His own Christ comes in the air Christ comes to the earth

Christ claims His bride Christ comes with His bride Removal of believers Manifestation of Christ Only His own see Him Every eye shall see Him Tribulation begins Millennial Kingdom begins Saved are delivered from wrath Unsaved experience the wrath of God

No signs precede Rapture Signs precede the Second Coming Focus is the Lord & Church Focus is Israel and Kingdom World is deceived Satan is bound so he cannot deceive Believers depart the earth Unbelievers are taken away from the earth Unbelievers remain on earth Believers remain on the earth

No mention of establishing Kingdom on earth Christians taken to the Fathers house Christ has come to set up His Kingdom on earth Resurrected saints do not see Fathers house Imminent could happen at any moment Cannot occur for at least 7 years Precedes the career of the man of sin Terminates the career of the man of sin THE RAPTURE FIVE Aspects of the Rapture RETURN of Christ: In the air; not to earth RESURRECTION*: Saints from Pentecost

to Rapture RAPTURE: Living believers caught up into the Lords presence w/o experiencing physical death. REUNION: With the Lord & other saints REASSURANCE: comfort one another with these words (death is not the victor!) RESURRECTIONS Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deeds to a resurrection of judgment (John 5:28-29) THE RESURRECTION OFLIFE; THEFIRST RESURRECTION Order Participants Time Scripture

1 Jesus Christ Third Day He has risen (Matt. 28:6; cf. John 20:1-18) The first fruits of those who have fallen asleep (1 Cor. 15:20) 2 Church At the Rapture; Prior to the beginning of Tribulation in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet (1 Cor. 15:50-51; cf. John 14:3; 1Thes. 4:13-18;

3 Old Testament saints At the Second Coming to enter Millennial Kingdom you will come to life, and I will place you on your own land (Dan. 12:1-2; cf. Isa. 26:19; Eze. 37:13-14) 4 Tribulation Martyrs Following the Tribulation; prior to Millennial Kingdom

came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years (Rev. 20:4) 5 Millennial saints Following the Millennium Assumed, but not supported by Scripture THE RESURRECTION OFJUDGMENT; THE SECOND RESURRECTION Participants Unbelievers Time Great White Throne Scripture

rest of the dead (Rev. 20:4-15) Dr. Jim Klubnik Biblical Resources, Inc. The Rapture & Imminency The Doctrine of Imminency (ready to take place, at any moment) First, imminency means that the Rapture could take place at any moment. While other events may take place before the Rapture, no event must precede it. If prior events are required before the Rapture, then the Rapture could not be described as imminent. Thus, if any event were required to occur before the Rapture, then the concept of imminency would be destroyed. Second, since the Rapture is imminent and could happen at any moment, then it follows that one must be prepared for it to occur at any time, without sign or warning. The Rapture & Imminency The Doctrine of Imminency (ready to take place, at any

moment) Third, imminency eliminates any attempt at date-setting. Date-setting is impossible since the Rapture is sign less (it provides no basis for date-setting) and if imminency is really true, the moment a date was fixed then Christ could not come at any moment, destroying imminency. Fourth, a person cannot legitimately say that an imminent event will happen soon. The term soon implies that an event must take place within a short time (after a particular point of time specified or implied). By contrast, an imminent event may take place within a short time, but it does not have to do so in order to be imminent (Renald Showers). The Rapture & Imminency The Doctrine of Imminency (ready to take place, at any moment) Fifth, by an imminent event we mean one which is certain to occur at some time but uncertain as to what time.

The Rapture & Imminency 1 Corinthians 1:7 - awaiting eagerly the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ. Philippians 3:20 - For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. Philippians 4:5 - The Lord is near. 1 Thessalonians 1:10 - to wait for His Son from heaven. 1 Thessalonians 4:17-18 - Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and thus we shall always be with the Lord. Therefore comfort one another with these words. 1 Thessalonians 5:6 - so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. 1 Timothy 6:14 - that you keep the commandment without stain or reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ. The Rapture & Imminency Titus 2:13 - looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 9:28 - so Christ . . . shall appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him. James 5:7-9 - Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. . . . for the coming of the Lord is at hand. . . behold, the Judge is standing right at the door. 1 Peter 1:13 - fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. Jude 21 - waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life. Revelation 3:11; 22:7, 12, 20 I am coming quickly! Revelation 22:17, 20 - And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let the one who hears say, Come. He who testifies to these things says, Yes, I am coming quickly. Amen. Come, Lord Jesus. Amen. WHY I BELIEVE IN A RAPTURE PRE-TRIB God has previously removed the righteous

prior to dispensing His wrath Noah (Genesis 6:9) was removed from the wrath of God (drowning) Enoch (Genesis 9) was raptured prior to the flood Lot and his daughters were rescued prior to Gods judgment on Sodom & Gomorrah (Gen.19:15, 22; 2 Peter 2:7-9) In the future, God will resurrect and take the Two Witnesses unto Himself in the future (Rev. 11:1-12) prior to the Great Tribulation. WHY I BELIEVE IN A RAPTURE PRE-TRIB The Nature of the Tribulation The Bible teaches that the Tribulation (the seven-year, 70th week of Daniel) is a time of preparation for Israel's restoration and regeneration

(Deut. 4:29-30; Jer. 30:4-11; Ezek. 20:22-44; 22:13-22; Dan. 9:24-27). Revelation 3:10 notes that the Tribulation will not be for the church but for those who dwell upon the earth (Rev. 3:10; 6:10; 8:13; 11:10 [twice]; 13:8, 12, 14 [twice]; 17:2, 8), as a time focused on them due their rejection of Christ and His salvation. While the church will experience tribulation in general during this present age (John 16:33), she is never mentioned as participating in Israel's time of trouble, which includes the Great Tribulation, the Day of the Lord, and the Wrath of God. Pretribulationalism gives the best answer to the biblical explanation of the fact that the church is never mentioned in passages that speak about Tribulation events, while Israel is mentioned consistently throughout these passages. In fact, the church (24 elders) is seen in Rev. 4 as already in heaven prior to the onset of the Tribulation. WHY I BELIEVE IN A RAPTURE PRE-TRIB

The Nature of the Church Only a pre-trib rapture position is able to give full biblical import to the New Testament teaching that the church differs significantly from Israel. The church is said to be a mystery (Eph. 3:1-13) by which Jews and Gentiles are now united into one body in Christ (Eph. 2:1122). This explains why the church's translation to heaven is never mentioned in any Old Testament passage that deals with the Second Coming after the Tribulation, and why the church is promised deliverance from the time of God's wrath during the Tribulation (1 Thess. 1:9-10; 5:9; Rev. 3:10). The church alone has the promise that all believers will be taken to the Father's house in heaven (John 14:1-3) at the Rapture, and not to the earth as other views would demand. WHY I BELIEVE IN A RAPTURE PRE-TRIB The return of the Lord in the Rapture has always been

imminent (1 Peter 4:17, e.g.) Since it its possible to know the exact date of the mid- and end-points of the Tribulation (Dan. 9, Matt. 24, 2 Thess. 2, Rev. 6-19), then the mid-trib and post-trib rapture positions do not allow for an imminent return of the Lord. Only the pre-trib rapture position maintains imminency. The many contrasts between the Rapture and the Second Coming requires us to hold the two events as distinct and separate. Only the pre-trib rapture position allows time for the Judgment (Bema) Seat of Christ (1 Cor 3; 2 Cor 5) as well as the initial stages of the Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Rev. 19). Israel at peace Israel persecuted

Rev 20:4-6 Isa 2:2-4 Great White Throne judgment Rule of Antichrist Millennial Kingdom 1000 year reign of Christ Eternity Rev 21:1-5 Rev 20:7-15 Rise of Antichrist

Rev 19:11-21 Rapture of the Church 1 Thess 4:16-17 Matt 24:21-22 Dan 9:27 Return of Jesus Great Tribulation 7 years New heavens & new earth Church Age

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