Written by: Angelia Greiner Additional Material by: Kelley McConathy The Short Story History Short story versus novel Elements Famous short stories
What Is a Short Story? Possible Definitions: A form of short fictional prose Must be able to be read in one sitting Brings a singular illumination to the
reader, sudden and golden like sunlight cracking through heavy cloud. I went on to say that in my opinion a real" shortstory was closer to poetry than to the novel. Alex Keegan
A Timeline Oral Storytelling Fables 14thth century Chaucers Canterbury Tales Single click on speaker to hear audio clip >>>>
Anecdotes Parables 14thth century Boccaccios Decameron Europe 5 B.C. The Novella
1690s The Fairy Tale Mid-17thth Century The Nouvelle Early 19thth Century The Modern Short Story
Single click on speaker to hear audio clip >>>> History Recap Oral storytelling Fables Anecdotes Parables Oral Storytelling
The telling of a story by word of mouth Repetition of words or phrases Use of nicknames or descriptive phrases for characters Use of rhyme, assonance, and alliteration More entertaining than unified
Examples Fleet-footed Achilles, Cow-eyed Hera, Grey-eyed Athena, wine-darkened sea Beowulf bode in the burg of the Scyldings, leader beloved, and long he ruled in fame with all folk Thereupon Fergus uttered this oath: I swear, necks of
men I would break from necks of men, arms of men from arms of men, scalps of men from scalps of men Fables A brief story illustrating a moral Often include talking animals or
objects The Man and the Serpent A Countrymans son by accident trod upon a Serpent's tail, which turned and bit him so that he died. The father in a rage got his axe, and pursuing the Serpent, cut off part of its tail. So the Serpent in revenge began stinging several of the Farmers cattle and caused him severe loss. Well, the Farmer thought it best to
make it up with the Serpent, and brought food and honey to the mouth of its lair, and said to it: Lets forget and forgive; perhaps you were right to punish my son, and take vengeance on my cattle, but surely I was right in trying to revenge him; now that we are both satisfied why should not we be friends again? No, no, said the Serpent; take away your gifts; you can never forget the death of your son, nor I the loss of my tail.
Injuries may be forgiven, but not forgotten. Single click on speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Anecdotes Short narrative account Usually does not exist alone Anecdote Example
Sometimes I simply can not speak. Especially when the topic is one Ive only thought of, but never verbalized. This most recently happened when I was trying to explain genetic programming to a cute girl. Now, you may question my logic, or even call me a nerdy idiot for bringing up GP or trying to at least, but the words werent coming. So severe were some of the pauses that at times I was aphonic, mute. Id open my mouth, make gesticulations in the air, but nothing. Feh. Ive thought about GP a lot. There was even a period in my life when it was essentially all that was on my mind. But thoughts
form in my mind, in everyones mind, like a big network, and sometimes trying to traverse this network without repeating yourself while hitting every major point is like some crazy Traveling Salesman problem. Your stack overflows and you throw some out-of-memory exception, then thats itverbal blue-screen. Parables Short narrative designed to reveal
Teaches through comparison Do You Know These Parables? The Prodigal Son The Mustard Seed Short Story Versus the Novel Read in one sitting
Not able to read in one sitting One single impression Diverse ideas Few characters, one plot, and one theme Many characters, plots and subplots, and
usually more than one theme Quality 1: Short Story Most can read story in one sitting Quality 2: Short Story Story meant to create one single impression
Quality 3: Short Story Few characters, one plot, and one theme Elements of the Short Story Character Setting Plot Theme
Character Person in a literary work Protagonist Antagonist Deuteragonist Protagonist deuteragonist or sidekick
Batman and Robin The Riddler Mr. Freeze (any arch villain) Antagonist Characterization Creates connection between reader and
character Direct Indirect Direct or Indirect? Mr. Pan was worried about his mother. He had been worried about her when she was in China, and now he was worried about her in New York.
I am not grieving, Lilli said. Of course, you are, Mrs. Pan retorted. I see you are a true woman, and women grieve when they are not wed so that they can have children. You are grieving for your children. Type of Characters Flat or Round? Static or Dynamic?
Setting Location and time period in which a story takes place Point of View The way a story is told and who tells it First Person Third Person Third Person Narrative Objective
Omniscient Limited Plot Sequence of events in story Exposition Climax Resolution Plot
The plot is what happens in the story climax exposition dnouement Conflict Person versus society Person versus self
Person versus person Person versus nature Person versus Society Person conflicts with society
Laws or rules Customs or ways Place in society
Person versus Self Persons own values or beliefs conflict Feels alienated or unsatisfied
Must make crucial decision in life Realizes something about self Person versus Person
Pits the protagonist against someone else Struggles physically or emotionally against another person Person versus Nature
Protagonist threatened by element of nature Connection to the land
Physical forces of nature Theme Definition Underlying meaning of story Universal truth Significant statement about society, human nature, or the human condition Themes
Freedom Guilt Love Convictions Heroes Community Social change Loss Patriotism Communication
Evil Teamwork Acceptance Discrimination Hope
Pride Trust Resourcefulness Alienation Customs Loneliness Challenges Ethical dilemmas
Nature Leadership Values Money Death Other Elements Dialogue Tone
Irony Dialogue Lines spoken by a character or characters Provides characterization Sets mood Advances plot Dialogue Example Come, I said, with decision,
we will go back; your health is precious. You are rich, respected, admired, beloved; you are happy, as once I was. You are a man to be missed. For me it is no matter. We will go back; you will be ill, and I cannot be responsible. Besides, there is Luchesi.
The Cask of Amontillado Edgar Allan Poe Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Tone Authors attitude toward his or her subject My aunt will be down
presently, Mr. Nuttel, said a very selfpossessed young lady of fifteen; in the meantime you must try and put up with me. Irony Verbal Dramatic Situational
You say you bought a diamond necklace to replace mine? . Madame Forestier, deeply moved, took her two hands. Oh, my poor Mathilde! But mine was imitation. It was worth at the very most five hundred francs!... Famous Short Stories Plot: The Most Dangerous Game
Setting: Contents of a Dead Mans Pockets Character: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Jack Finney Richard Connell
Washington Irving Short Stories Go To Hollywood! Plot: The Fugitive Setting: Survivor and The Amazing Race Character: Capt. Jack
Sparrow, Rambo, Rocky, and Indiana Jones The Most Dangerous Game Video QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture.
Single click screen to view video clip Other Famous Short Stories Tone: The Masque of the Red Death Irony: The Gift of the Magi Theme: A Visit to Grandmother O. Henry Video
QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture. Single click screen to view video clip Writers of Note Edgar Allan Poe O. Henry
Ray Bradbury Anton Chekhov Guy de Maupassant The Necklace Video QuickTime and a YUV420 codec decompressor are needed to see this picture.
Single click screen to view video clip In Conclusion: The Short Storys Importance Relevant to our own lives Understanding of our own humanity Entertaining Universal connections
This presentation is dedicated to one of the greatest short story writers of all time. I tell you, we are here on Earth to fart around, and dont let anybody tell you different. Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007) Click Here For Interactive Whiteboards You Can Afford
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