EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES: A HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT 1901-1910 1. Under the American Civil Government, free primary education was introduced to the country 2. First public school were established 3. The Department of public instruction introduced 3-level system of education: 7 years basic elementary education, 4

years secondary education, and 2 years junior college. 4. UP, Phil. School of Arts & Trades, and PNU were established 1911-1920 1. Private school flourished 2. In 1911, the Private School Law Act 2706 was enacted. It made obligatory the recognition and inspection of private schools and colleges to maintain a standard of efficiency in all private schools and colleges.

1921-1930 1. The government prepare and adopt basic textbooks for all schools. 2. In 1925, a study on the development of education in the Philippines was conducted. 3. Industrial and agricultural secondary schools were organized. 4. Military training for males in secondary schools were organized. 5. Military training for males in secondary schools introduced. 1931-1940

Commonwealth Period Passage of the Education Act of 1940 which provided for the complete revision of the republic elementary school system of the country. 1941-1950 1. Filipino teachers were ordered to delete parts of textbooks, which had references to the US and Britain and democratic principles 2. In 1947, the Department of Public was enacted Creating

the Board of Textbooks. 1951-1960 1. Elementary Education Act repealed Commonwealth Act 586, thus restoring Grade 7 which, double-single session was abolished and classes reverted to the Each One Teach One process. 2. All education institutions were

required to have a daily flag ceremony 3. Prescribing the inclusion of a course on the life works and 1961-1970 1. Magna Carta for Public School Teachers was approved to promote and improve the social and economic status of public school teachers. 2. In 1961, Pres. Marcos created

the Presidential Commission to Survey Phil. Educ.(PCSPE). It recommended the overhaul of the educational system. 1971-1980 1. In 1972, Dept. of Education was named Dept. of Education and Culture. 2. Pres. Marcos passed Presidential Decree 1006, declaring teachers as professionals and teaching a

profession. 3. In 1974, the National College Entrance Examination (NLEE) was 1981-1990 1. In 1982, the ministry of Educ., Culture and Sports 2. Program for Decentralized Educ. Development (PRODED) 3. Educ. Dept. ordered the abolition of

youth Civic action Program (YCAP) 4. In 1986, Pres. Aquinos term, MECS was renamed Dept. Of Educ., Culture and Sports (DECS) 5. Public Secondary Education 6. Govt. subsidy to private education known as the Private Educ. Student Financial Assistance (PESFA) 7. Provision of loan assistance to poor 8. Expansion of alternative school systems for tribal minorities and the disabled

9. Launching of Values Education Program 10. Secondary Educ. Devt Proram (SEDP) was launched starting with first year level in SY 1989-1990 11. In 1990, Pres, Aquino formed the Commission on Education (EDCOM) 1990 to 2013 1. In 1991, the Education for all (EFA) program was launched. 2. In 1993, first National Elementary Achievement (NEAT) was

conducted. 3. Implementation of National Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT) 4. In 1944, Pres. Ramos, lengthen the school calendar from 200 to 220 days 5. In 1995, Technical Educ. and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was instituted. 6. Non-formal Educ. Mobile

Program 4. Lingua Franca Educ. Project 7. DECS implemented the Third Elementary Educ. Project. DECS and CHED: THRUSTS UNDER THE MEDIUM TERM PHILIPPINES DEVT PROGRAM OR ANGAT PINOY 2004 According to Functional Literacy Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS) 2.8 million- basically illiterate

- barely able to read, write or even worse 7.8 million- functionally illiterate - unable to participate fully and efficiently in everyday activities that require reasonable skills or capabilities. EDUCATIONAL ACTION PLAN: THE MISSION OF ANGAT PINOY 2004 I. ON BASIC EDUCATION A. DECS formula -Education on literacy (EOI)

1. Non-formal Education Accreditation and equivalency System (Project Ease) For elementary pupils, the system has instituted the dropout intervention program provides young school children with everything that they need for school. For H.S. students, there is Project EASE, which enables dropout H.S. students to return to school whenever they are

ready. 2. Balik Paaralan 3. Instructional program -Accreditation and Equivalency Test(A & T) a) b) c) Language Policy Teaching Math, Science and IT

Testing 4. Computerization of the payroll system and devolving it to the regions. 5. Creating and maintaining a management information system for governance

6. Rethinking and re-planning the IT and its implementation. 7. Getting the 16 regional H.S. 8. Preparing divisions and districts for empowerment 9. Ensuring a liberal education in critical thinking for faculty and administrators; rediscovering the value of reading for

basic education. 10. Alternative Schools for outof-school youth an d returnees including the medium or instruction. 11. Ensuring a cadre of

ESTRADA Governments Medium-term Philippines Development Plan Objectives: 1. Expanding access to basic education 2. Improving the quality an relevance of basic education; improved basic literacy 3. Improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the system and of the schools 4. Institutionalization of early

childhood Care and Development (ECCD) 5. Strengthening local culture, arts and school sports B. CONGRESSIONAL FORMULA. Enabling laws A necessity 1. Creation of the Commission on Preparatory School Education Article XIV, Section 2(1) of the 1987 Constitution provides: The State shall establish, maintain, and support a

complete, adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. 2. Education Initiatives Act Article XIV, Section 1 provides: The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all. II. ON HIGHER EDUCATION

A. CHEDS Thrusts 1. Strengthening public and private HEIs identified as Centers of Excellence (COEs) and Centers of Development (CODs) in nine clusters of disciplines; 2. Accelerating the restructuring and streaming and lining of public higher education sub-system; 3. Imposing a moratorium on the conversion into and creation of SUCs and rationalizing funding allocation for the public higher education institutions; 4. Establishing a viable Quality Assurance system in higher education;

5. Developing innovative programs in higher education and alternative modes of delivery of educational services; 6. Strengthening research and extension function of HEIs; 7. Raising of Maritime Education Standards in compliance with international standards, particularly the 1995

Standards of training , Certification and Watch-keeping for Seafarers; and 8. Raising the global Competitiveness of HEIs. B. Congressional Action 1. Open Tertiary Education Act Article XIV, Section 2(2) provides that: The State shall establish, maintain, and support a complete,

adequate, and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society. Open Tertiary education is a system of delivery or acquiring education other then the graded, structured, and class-attended formal systems, mode

of delivery/acquisition may include but not necessarily limited to, the use of radio, television, print media, audio/video equipment, face to face interaction, observation, etc, at a place and place of study determined by the student himself. (Osmena III, Senate Bill No. 176). The Human Rights

Education Act. 2. Article XIV, Section 3 (2) states that: All educational institutions shall foster love of humanity and respect for human rights - July 4, 1986 Pres. Aquino promulgated Executive Order No. 27 DECS Sec. Lourdes Quisumbing issued order No. 61 S. 1987 What are the Identifiable Problems of the Education

System? 1. Low Budget, High Enrollment 2. Shortage of Faculty Members 3. Reading materials for instruction Factors Affecting Education 1. The Priorities of law and order directed by the police and the

demands of national security as defined by the military siphon off a lot of funds. 2. The automatic debt service takes a huge chunk off our scarce national resources Assignment Read Republic Act 10533 or the Revised basic Education Act of 2013. Make an essay on comparing the old and k to 12 basic education curriculum of the Department of Education Use 1 whole sheet of yellow paper Word count: 200

(a, is, to my and the like are not counted)

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