Education 173 Cognition and Learning in Educational Settings ...
Education 173 Cognition and Learning in Educational Settings Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development Fall Quarter 2007 What is Development? Learning vs. Development Types of Development
Cognitive Physical Social Emotional Moral 02/13/20 2 Themes in Development Nature vs. Nurture Genetics or experience Continuity vs. Discontinuity Ramp or staircase?
Biological unfolding Like a butterfly Implications: Readiness to learn 02/13/20 3 Jean Piaget Assimilation Means to fit experience to existing cognitive structures Accommodation Means to change cognitive structures in response to experience
In order to make internal (cognitive structures) and external (experience, perception) compatible In response to disequilibrium (incompatibility of knowledge with experience) 02/13/20 4 Piagetian Stages Sensorimotor (Birth to 2) Understanding is rooted in present action Object permanence as early as one year Preoperational (2 to 7) Egocentrism Lack of conservation; Irreversibility
Concrete Operational (7 to 11) Reversibility of operations Classification (multi-way); seriation Formal Operational (11 to Adult) Abstract and hypothetical reasoning 02/13/20 5 Neo-Piagetian Theory The American Challenge Decalage: Uneven development Children can sometimes think abstractly Domain specificity of stages
Sometimes dependent on knowledge e.g., about dinosaurs Processing constraints are relevant Such as working memory Robbie Cases Theory WM increases with age/experience Chunking/automaticity important Control processes important 02/13/20 6 Jerome Bruner Knowledge Representation
Enactive Enactive (motor) Iconic (mental images) Concrete Symbolic (e.g., text, numerals) Iconic Symbolic Abstract Not a Stage Theory Rather, an accumulation of representations Bruners Bold Claim Any content can be taught in meaningful fashion to learners of any age
A bit of a challenge to Piaget 02/13/20 7 Cognitive Changes in Development Executive Control (Metacognition) Improves WM Capacity Increases Automaticity Increases Specific Knowledge Accumulates Source: ww.brown.edu/Research/Memlab/py47/diagrams.html 02/13/20
8 Socioeconomic Status SES Includes Both Family income Parent education levels SES is Descriptive, Not Explanatory What are the proximal causes? Computers, books, games, travel Language? Values? Are Schools & Classrooms Middle Class Institutions? Are Role Models Important for Promoting Social Mobility?
02/13/20 9 Other Influences On Development Home Environment Not the same as SES Presence of books Question asking Encouragement for exploration
Amount of adult-child language Peer Influence Parental Involvement in Schools 02/13/20 10
Mr. Harish Gudari, a staff from PremaVidya project, took class on 'way for good academic performances' and 'personality development'. ... On this occasion jatha was taken out on the main streets of Mysore city till DH office by raising slogans...
GTECH 201 Introduction to ... 05/04 Maps as a means of communication 25 05/05 Anatomy of a thematic map L14 05/09 Lab 14: designing a thematic map 26 05/11 Design of choropleth, dot and proportional symbol maps 27 05/12 Design...
Middle Colonies Class System. Upper Class: Rich Farmers, Doctors, Lawyers, Mill Owners, Owners of large lands rented to tenant farmers. Entrepreneurs: risked their capital by buying land, equipment, and supplies and selling them for a profit
Have participants give a thumb rating for how well each objective was met. If necessary, remind them that this is helpful feedback for you as facilitators and to relay to our session content developers. * 1 min. Speaker's Notes: Before...
Linearity of measurement over a wide dynamic range ensures accurate quantitation of both rare and abundant transcripts. ... LumB + cR. Her2e + dR. ... J Storhoff, C Schaper, B Wallden, S Ferree, S Liu, V Hucthagowder, K Deschryver, V...
GENETICS PRACTICE Watch videos BOZEMAN- Beginner's Guide to Punnett Squares BOZEMAN- Mendelian genetics BOZEMAN- Advanced genetics A Wild type fruit fly (heterozygous for gray body and normal wings) is mated with a black fly with vestigial wings.