Edible Activism!

Edible Activism!

Food and Culture ERIK CHEVRIER SEPTEMBER 12 T H , 2017 Discussion Recap What do eat in a typical day? Where do you acquire food in your daily routine? i.e. home, restaurant, etc.

How much of your daily food to you cook (including leftovers) in a typical day? Where do you typically shop for groceries? Why? Think about the last time you were shopping for food at a grocery store What did you purchase? Why? Do you typically make a list before grocery shopping? If so, do you follow it? What can you remember about your subjective experience at the grocery store? What guides your food purchase decisions most?

Automatic less calculated more impulsive choices? Or Well thought out, planned choices? Foundations of Food and Culture Margaret Mead Why do we overeat? *Published in 1971 Daily abundance of food is one of the main characteristic of affluence in society. Those who have just enough to survive on, feast at festivals and eat meagerly in the long intervals between great events.

Most people in affluent societies arent struggling to obtain food but have to resist eating too much. In affluent societies, cooking is seen as an art. Obesity is looked at negatively in America (as well as other industrialized nations) We can help our children eat in a new style 1 We can give up using food as a punishment and reward as a symbol of duty performed (or neglect) a consolation or an accolade. Where food is so plentiful, food can be food and the focus of our feelings can be directed toward the pleasure of sharing a meal with others. 2 We an recognize the fact that the rule of there square meals a day has become a kind of straightjacket. We would do better to take into

account the variations in individual rhythms in the need for food as well as the different rhythms in the working day for different people. 3 The whole world today is linked through food, the food that some have in superabundance and others urgently need. By freeing our children of the strictures of conscience about their personal consumption of food, the would be freer to think of shared food as a source of well-being for everyone everywhere. Foundations of Food and Culture Roland Barthes Towards a Psychosociology of Contemporary Food Consumption *(published in

1961) Foodstuff (sugar) is more than an item to be consumed, it is bound to certain usages, certain protocols that have to do with more than food. M. Perrot (Le Mode de Vie des Familles Bourgeoys de 1873 - 1953) economic factors played a less important role in the changes that have taken place in the middle-class food habits in the last hundred years than changing tastes, this really means ideas, especially about nutrition. The development of advertising has led to the development of the ideal nature of foodstuff which by no means represents

the actual product. Food is a system of communication, a body of images, a protocol for usages, situations and behaviours. Food sums up and transmits a situation, it constitutes information, it signifies. Food substances, techniques of preparation, habits, all become part of a system of differences in signification. Looking at food advertising, three themes are identified. 1 Food functions as something commemorative. 2 Values concern the anthropological situation they communicate meaning about gender, sexuality, relationships, etc.

3 Food conveys ambiguous values about the psyche and soma health. Food has a constant tendency to transform itself into situation i.e. coffee and snack break. Food will lose in substance and gain in function. Brief Overlook of Semiotics Signs A combination of signifier and signified

Signifier The physical existence of what carries meaning Signified The mental representation that is the meaning Denotative meaning Common sense, obvious meaning Connotative - Interaction of denotative meaning and ones subjective feelings Foundations of Food and Culture

Pierre Bourdieu Distinction: Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste *Published in 1979 Compared the spending habits of teachers, professionals, and industrial and commercial employees in respect to food, presentation and culture. Food is consumed differently between rich and poor, as well as between people of different professions. Food communicates ideas about social class and gender relations food tastes are also shaped by social class, gender relations.

Taste, a class culture turned into nature, that is embodied, helps to shape the class body. Body schema governs the selection of certain foods. Tastes in food cannot be considered in complete independence of the other dimensions of the relationships to the world, to others and ones own body, through which the practical philosophy of each class is enacted. Each lifestyle can only really be constructed in relationship to the other, which is its objective and subjective negation, so that the meaning of behaviour is totally reversed depending on which point of view is adopted and on whether the

common words which have to be used to name the conduct are invested with popular or bourgeois connotations, i.e. freedom & abundance. Emphasis from substance and function to form and manner there is opposition between form and substance. Discussion Write down 5 things that come to your mind about the following food items. What cultural signs are attributed with each food item?

Coffee Salad Bread

Eggs Soup Cake Cheese

Steak Fruit Candy

Pizza Discussion What kind of food etiquette did your family follow at the diner table?

Did you eat together? Did you have family conversations? Did you eat in front of the TV? What were the divisions of labour (i.e. cooking, cleaning dishes, preparation, etc.)?

What kind of rules were set at the table? Language, preventing bodily functions, etc. What other kind of food rituals can you remember partaking in as a child (parties, barbecues, corn roasts, gatherings, etc.)? Videos

Heros Sanctuary Whats wrong with Industrial Food? The World According to Monsanto Monsanto Lobbyist The Concordia Greenhouse

Before next class, please check out! The Concordia Greenhouse

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