Drafting Your Research Essay - Valencia

Drafting Your Research Essay - Valencia

This This PowerPoint PowerPoint Presentation Presentation is is 2013 2013 by by Robin Robin L. L. Simmons Simmons.. All All Rights Rights Reserved. Reserved. ENC ENC 1102, 1102, Freshman

Freshman Composition Composition IIII Drafting Your Research Essay First First Page Page Concerns Concerns Insert MLA-style page numberingyour last name and the page number, starting on the first page. Include a heading. Give the paper an interesting, correct title. Do not underline your title. Do not add quotation marks around the title.

Capitalize all major words. Avoid funky fonts. The __________ [Insert your subject] would be a boring title for this essay. Wrighter 1 Wanda Wrighter Professor Simmons ENC 1102 October 17, 2011 Franken Food: What People Need to Know About GMOs General General Structure Structure for for the the Essay Essay Narrative

Provocative Question Thesis Statement [separate [separate paragraph] paragraph] Section A [subheading [subheading and and 2 2 body body paragraphs] paragraphs] Section B

[subheading [subheading and and 2 2 body body paragraphs] paragraphs] Section C [subheading [subheading and and 2 2 body body paragraphs] paragraphs] Section D

[subheading [subheading and and 2 2 body body paragraphs] paragraphs] Compose Compose Your Your Four Four Headings Headings Find your preliminary thesis statement and reread it. Has your research caused you to make changes? Now write your official thesis statement. The thesis statement must indicate the three or

four parts of your paper. Compose your four subheadings. Use phrases, not complete sentences. Keep the phrases parallel. Capitalize all major words. Bold and underline the subheadings. Correct Correct Use Use of of Names Names The first time you mention a person, use that persons full name and identity. Dr. Melissa Shusett, a cardiologist at Johns Hopkins, Stan Winston, a reporter for The New York

Times, The second time you mention the person, use that persons last name only. Shusett Winston Body Body Paragraphs Paragraphs All body paragraphs must have at least one quotation from a source. All quotations must have four things: An introductory tag Correct punctuation Accurate wording A parenthetical reference [when

necessary] Parenthetical Parenthetical References References with with Books Books If you do not mention the author in the introductory tag, use the author's last name and the page number in the reference. If you use the author in the introductory tag, include only the page number in the parenthetical reference. The one period that ends the entire sentence follows the reference. No

No author author in in the the introductory introductory tag: tag: According According to to Drug Drug War War Facts, Facts, methadone methadone treatment treatment reduced reduced participants participants heroin heroin use use by by 70%,

70%, their their criminal criminal activity activity by by 57%, 57%, and and increased increased their their full-time full-time employment employment by by 24% 24% (McVay (McVay 197). 197). Author Author in in the

the introductory introductory tag: tag: According According to to Douglas Douglas McVay, McVay, author author of of Drug Drug War War Facts, Facts, methadone methadone treatment treatment reduced reduced participants participants heroin heroin use use by

by 70%, 70%, their their criminal criminal activity activity by by 57%, 57%, and and increased increased their their full-time full-time employment employment by by 24% 24% (197). (197). Parenthetical Parenthetical References

References with with Online Online Sources Sources If you do not mention the author in the introductory tag, use the author's last name. If you use the author in the introductory tag, no parenthetical reference is necessary. If you do not have an author, use an abbreviated title in quotation marks, like this: (Few Successes) The one period that ends the entire sentence follows the parenthetical reference. If the quotation does not have a reference, the

period comes before the closing quotation mark. No No author author in in the the introductory introductory tag: tag: According According to to The The New New York York Times, Times, Matt Matt Hardings Hardings dance dance video video is

is an an almost almost perfect perfect piece piece of of Internet Internet art art (McGrath). (McGrath). Author Author in in the the introductory introductory tag: tag: Charles Charles McGrath, McGrath, aa reporter

reporter for for The The New New York York Times, Times, considers considers Matt Matt Hardings Hardings dance dance video video an an almost almost perfect perfect piece piece of of Internet Internet art. art.

All parenthetical references must flawlessly match the entry on the works cited page. Establish Establish a a flawless flawless match match between between parenthetical parenthetical reference reference and and works works cited cited page

page entry: entry: According to Drug War Facts, methadone treatment reduced participants heroin use by 70%, their criminal activity by 57%, and increased their full-time employment by 24% (McVay 197). McVay, Douglas. Drug War Facts. Toronto: Chelsea House Publishers, 2003. Always document your quotation. Ta-da! One paragraph is done. First, Topic Sentence, Then Summary, Then Introductory Tag,

Then Quotation, Then, if necessary, Documentation, And finally Relevance. Write Write the the Conclusion Conclusion Write one sentence that summarizes the main idea of the paper. Write one sentence of summary for each of your four main points. Remind your reader of the good ideas you covered. End with a thoughtful last statement. You can have an opinion here or address the reader directly. The conclusion must be at least 6

sentences. Final Final Version Version You must put the essay in my hands. You must also submit a copy to SafeAssign. The End.

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