Do Now - 1/4 & 1/5

Do Now - 1/4 & 1/5

Do Now 1/4 & 1/5 Please turn your winter break assignment (questions from Mankind video) into the back bin. Part 1: What was the best part about winter break? Part 2: Think back to our winter break assignment. What is one word that describes the Roman Empire in Europe? HW: Video Lesson 4.1 The Roman Republic Do Now (15 min) Table Talks: Roman Empire (15 min) Europe Map Completion (20 min) Contextualization

Activity (25 min) Exit Ticket (5 min) Our Goals Objectives SWBAT Contextualize the Roman Republic & Roman Empire within the greater Afroeurasia world between 100 BC and 500 CE in order to understand the significant effect of the fall of Rome on Europe. Essential Questions How was Europe organized socially, culturally, politically, and economically under the Roman Republic

& Empire? How did Europe change with the fall of the Roman Empire? New Procedure: Color Codes! At the board: White background This means you are focused on the board and, if applicable, writing down notes. You should not be having side conversations, and you should raise your hand to speak. Independent Work: Blue Background This means you are working quietly (if not silently) by yourself. Partner/Peer Edit Work: Purple Background This means you are working together with one other person to find the answers to our essential questions for the day. Group Work: Green Background

This means you are working with 3-4 other people in a structured activity, such as a simulation, QFT, or other group activity. Discussion: Black Background This means you are listening and attentive to your peers, and participate and add your own ideas into the class discussion. Table Talks: Recap from Winter Break Partner A: Answers the question using examples, details, and evidence. Partner B: Agrees or disagrees with Partner A; Explains why Partner C: If they disagree, pick a side and defend your stance. If they agree, raise a new question to the group. Partner D: Keep track of time for each speaker and listen to the

group discussion. Rotate role cards for each question! Each speaker will have 30 seconds to speak. 1. Why was Rome such an impressive city (and civilization) for its time? 2. How was Europe connected to the Middle East (Jerusalem) during the Roman Empire? 3. What caused the spread of Christianity into Europe? 4. What was the effect of Emperor Constantines conversion to Christianity in 337 CE?

Europe Map Completion 6 9 7 8 20 4 5 10 12 11 3 1 14 15

16 17 13 2 19 18 Europe Map Completion 11 15 12 10 16 17 14

13 Intro to the Roman Empire Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkV7XPh20ng Contextualizing: Classical Era: 600 BCE to 600 CE Postclassical Era: 600 CE to 1450 CE Daoism Confucianism Legalism Buddhism emerge 1200 CE fall of Maya 32 CE Christianity Emerges

1249 Mongols invade China 0 500 BCE Maya founded in 400 BCE 221 BCE Qin Shi Huangdi reunifies China 500 CE ~300 CE Trans-Sahara

trade routes begin 1000 CE 570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca 1258 Mongols invade Islamic civilization Contextualization Activity Goal: In what global context did the Roman Republic exist? Contextualizing: to put into context context: the circumstances or setting in which something occurs Task: Complete the provided contextualization assignment so that we can

place our (brief) study of Rome and our more significant study of Europe in the Middle Ages into a global context. The fall of the mighty Roman Empire marked a TREMENDOUS change in European society & history. But why? To figure this out, we need to start by figuring out what Roman (first the Republic, then the Empire) was all about. Next class What we will discuss today Focus of our unit study!! Exit Ticket From what you know so far about Rome and its global context, complete one of the following statements: The Roman republic changed Europe by The Roman republic was groundbreaking because

The Roman republic influenced __(not Europe)__ by HW: Video Lesson 4.1 Roman Republic Video Lesson 4.1 Roman Republic The fall of the mighty Roman Empire marked a TREMENDOUS change in European society & history. But why? To figure this out, we need to start by figuring out what Roman (first the Republic, then the Empire) was all about. Next class What we will discuss today Focus of our unit study!! Contextualizing: Classical Era: 600 BCE to 600 CE Postclassical Era: 600 CE to

1450 CE Daoism Confucianism Legalism Buddhism emerge 1200 CE fall of Maya 32 CE Christianity Emerges 1249 Mongols invade China 0 BCE or BC: Before Republic CommonRoman Era, Before

Christ 500 BCE Maya founded in 400 BCE 221 BCE Qin Shi Huangdi reunifies China CE or AD: Common Era, Anno Domini Roman Empire Middle (year of our Lord)Ages (Medieval Europe) 500 CE ~300 CE Trans-Sahara

trade routes begin 1000 CE 570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca 1258 Mongols invade Islamic civilization How was the Roman Republic organized SPICE-ally? Rome began on the Italian peninsula simultaneous to the ancient Greeks highly influenced by ancient Greeks: similar gods, similar architecture, similar culture, writing (Latin)

Strict division between land-owning aristocracy/nobility (known as patricians) and common folk (plebeians); slaves from conquered lands/prisoners (not based on race!) How was the Roman Republic organized SPICE-ally? Politically, Rome organized into a Republic: form of government where citizens elect their leaders Roman Senate: 300 members elected by citizens from aristocracy for life - make laws & levy taxes Two consuls led the executive branch (acted as president) selected by citizen-soldiers Local authorities made local

laws Citizenship = land-owning males How was the Roman Republic organized SPICE-ally? Strong Military: legions (groups of 5,000) conquered much of the Mediterranean world by 500 BCE Expertly trained and disciplined soldiers How was the Roman Republic organized SPICE-ally? After victories of the Punic Wars, leading general gained political power: Julius Caesar Rome became incredibly

powerful but faced challenges governing massive empire (rich & military leaders are too powerful) Caesar named dictator (no more consuls) Senators fear his power & ultimately assassinate Caesar in 44 BCE Contextualizing: Classical Era: 600 BCE to 600 CE Postclassical Era: 600 CE to 1450 CE Daoism Confucianism Legalism Buddhism emerge 1200 CE fall of Maya

32 CE Christianity Emerges 1249 Mongols invade China 0 Roman Republic 500 BCE Maya founded in 400 BCE 221 BCE Qin Shi Huangdi reunifies China Caesar

assassinated Roman Empire Middle Ages (Medieval Europe) 500 CE ~300 CE Trans-Sahara trade routes begin 1000 CE 570 CE: Muhammad is born in Mecca 1258 Mongols invade

Islamic civilization How was the Roman Republic organized SPICE-ally? Assassination marks end of trust in republic system Roman Empire begins

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