Digital Government I Week 1: Introduction and Overview
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DIGITAL GOVERNMENT I WEEK 2: DELIBERATIVE DEMOCRACY AND ITS DISCONTENTS (PT 1) Jan 20, 2009 Perspectives from comparative politics: democratic transitions literature (80s90s) (democratic development / reversals in Latin America, Africa, East and Southeast Asia; post-Soviet transitions) Some key points:
Multidirectionality and dynamism of democratic change (against either/or classifications); Linkages between domestic and transnational process (waves of democracy debate) General categories, typologies, or trajectories of democratic change Definitions of democracy
(Charles Tilly, Democracy) Defn: A regime is democratic to the degree that political relations between the state and its citizens feature broad, equal, protected and mutually binding consultation. (14) Breadth: extension of rights of participation to steadily larger segments of the population Equality: collapsing / equalizing the categories of citizenship and
forms of participation vis--vis the state Protection: against arbitrary exercise of state power Mutually binding consultation: clear and enforceable obligations on part of state in response to recognized consultative processes Source (Quote): Charles Tilly. Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007: 14. State capacity
(Charles Tilly, Democracy) State capacity: the extent to which interventions of state agents in existing nonstate resources, activities, and interpersonal connections alter existing distributions of those resources, activities, and interpersonal connections as well as relations among those distributions (the efficacy of democratic politics) (e.g. the hollowing out of the state decision-making power moves up, down or outside of the state, taking effective decision-making power out of the space of (democratic) public politics) Source (Quote): Charles Tilly. Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Typologies of democratic regimes Source: Undetermined Dynamics of democratic regimes Source: Undetermined Dynamics of democratic regimes Source: Undetermined
Trajectories/pathways of democratic change Source: Undetermined Information and democratization / dedemocratization Tillys defn: A regime is democratic to the degree that political relations between the state and its citizens feature broad, equal, protected and mutually binding consultation. (14)
Breadth: extension of rights of participation to steadily larger segments of the population Equality: collapsing / equalizing the categories of citizenship and forms of participation vis--vis the state Protection: against arbitrary exercise of state power Mutually binding consultation: clear and enforceable obligations
on part of state in response to recognized consultative processes Source (Quote): Charles Tilly. Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007: 14. Typologies / tensions of deliberative democracy (Gutmann & Thompson) instrumental vs. expressive procedure vs. substance consensual vs. pluralist representative vs. participatory government vs. civil society domestic vs. international/cosmopolitan Three Models of Democratic Deliberation (McAfee) Preference-Based Model
Grounded in economics / social choice theory; deliberation corrects information problems that prevent: 1: transformation and stabilization of individual preferences, and 2: aggregation of individual into collective preference; transformation from self-regarding to otherregarding individual Rational Proceduralist Model Grounded in normative political theory (arguments around justice (e.g. Rawls) and legitimacy (Habermas)); moral claims to be couched in rationalist debate, language and reasons knowable to all (the reason-giving
requirement); the better argument wins, leading to assent and legitimacy of collective decisions. Integrative Model Grounded in American pragmatist social theory (emphasis on what works vs. whats true); collective working through of consequences of collective choice, integrating heterogeneous ~~~ questions and discussion? ~~~ DG 1 Group Assignment 2:
[scribe: moderator: group members: ] Picking ONE of the examples of National Issue Forums, deliberative polling, or citizen juries, analyze the potential advantages and barriers, and describe one or more strategies, for extending this practice into online space. (Your example could be either wholly online, or some sort of in-space / online hybrid). What specific deliberative affordances or limits does your proposed project
enhance or address? (be specific draw on Gutmann & Thompson, McAfee, etc. where useful)
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