Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) - Chess

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) - Chess

Christopher Brooks,
(CHESS Executive Director)

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)

Edward A, Lee,
(Chair, EECS)

Systems (CPS):
computational resources
with physical systems.
Networked computers have
already changed the way
humans communicate and
manage information.
The change we envision is to
the way humans manage their
physical environment, including
for example transportation,
energy, health, and
environmental quality.
This change requires
computing and networking
technologies to embrace not
just information, but also
physical dynamics. The impact
of this change could
well dwarf that of the
information revolution.
February 21, 2008

The Vision: Reliable
and Evolvable
Systems, Integrated
with Physical
Where CPS Differs from
General-Purpose Software Systems
The software systems problem:
Software systems are sets of interacting sequences of
state transformations with the end objective of
transforming data.

Applications of CyberPhysical Systems (CPS)

The CPS problem:
CPS has the end objective of orchestrating physical
processes. Timeliness, safety, reliability, security, privacy,
and adaptability all take on a different character.

Where CPS Differs from
Embedded Systems
The embedded systems problem:
Embedded software is software on small computers. The
technical problem is one of optimization (coping with
limited resources).

The CPS problem:
Computation and networking integrated with physical
processes. The technical problem is managing time and
concurrency in networked computational systems.

medical devices and systems
assisted living
traffic control and safety
advanced automotive systems,
process control
energy conservation
environmental control
avionics and aviation software
critical infrastructure (power, water)
distributed robotics (telepresence)
weapons systems
distributed sensing
command and control
smart structures
biosystems (morphogenesis,)
communications systems

Potential Applications

integrated medical systems
distributed micro power generation
safe/efficient transportation
military dominance
economic dominance
disaster recovery
energy efficient buildings
alternative energy
pervasive adaptive
more efficient financial networks
distributed service delivery
social networking and games


Past CPS Events
"High Confidence Medical Device Software and Systems (HCMDSS)" Workshop, June 2 - 3,
2005, Philadelphia, PA.
National Workshop on Aviation Software Systems: Design for Certifiably Dependable
Systems, October 5-6, 2006, Alexandria, TX.
NSF Workshop on Cyber-Physical Systems, October 16-17, 2006, Austin, TX.
National Meeting on Beyond SCADA: Networked Embedded Control for Cyber Physical
Systems, November 8 & 9, 2006, Pittsburgh, PA.
National Workshop on High-Confidence Software Platforms for Cyber-Physical Systems
(HCSP-CPS), November 30 December 1, 2006, Alexandria, VA.
NSF Industry Round-Table on Cyber-Physical Systems, May 17, 2007, Arlington, VA.
"Joint Workshop On High-Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems (HCMDSS) and
Medical Device Plug-and-Play (MD PnP) Interoperability", June 25-27, 2007, Boston, MA.
National Workshop on "Composable and Systems Technologies for High Confidence CyberPhysical Systems", July 9-10, 2007, Arlington, VA.

Upcoming CPS Events
CPS Week: St. Louis, April 21, 2008: 3 Conferences:
Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS)
International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks (IPSN)
International Conference on Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control (HSCC)
And workshops, including
From Embedded Systems to Cyber-Physical Systems:
A Review of the State-of-the-Art and Research Needs
NSF Funding?
Special issue of IEEE Transactions

Center for Hybrid and Embedded Software Systems

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