Cryogenics - The basics

Cryogenics - The basics

Cryogenics The Basics Lesson 6 Buffer Dewar Operation and Recovery D. Kashy Lesson 6 - Topics Supply from ESR Valve Box 4K source reminder Hall B Distribution can for Helium Supply Buffer dewar flow paths and controls 4K Supercritical Gas and filling the dewar

Cold return and back pressure control Warm return Return gas path to ESR Off normal operation ESR shutdown Quench or Fast Dump of Torus Recent issues What to look for if called in and what to do next Questions Special NOTES

The slides in this presentation are a snapshot in time. They give general principles of operation. The PID control loop settings may not be up to date so the operators must use the relevant spread sheets to verify recent and most proper settings. M:\hallb_eng\CLAS12\Magnets\Operations\Cryogenic Operations ESR Valve Box (part 2) and 10,000 liter Dewar Helium Dewar With HX to cool the 4.5K supply

CTD672 Warm return temperature from All 3 Halls (Important upon CD or Recovery) Small Polishing HX in the VB ESR Valve Box (part 1)

Nitrogen Sub-cooler to send 4atm liquid at 77K (subcooled liquid) 4K supply flow meter (note sometimes reads about double actual flow, normal is ~6-7g/s) 4K Return Line with Cold Return Valve CEV6721B (must be shut upon long ESR outages to facilitate Hall B magnet recovery

Hall B 500 liter Buffer Dewar The buffer dewar supports target operation in Hall B The dewar has multiple relief valves in parallel located on its neck and these are set to 15psig (2atm). The dewar is located on level 2 of the space frame for standard cryotarget operation, but it has long flexible u-tubes that allow it to be moved to level 1 if needed for alternate target operations. Hall B Distribution Box (DBX) No supply valve in the 4K supply in the DBX. Also

notice there is no variable temperature supply valve. This is different than the Solenoid or Torus. Blue line is 4K supply, it feeds Torus, Solenoid and Buffer Dewar Hall B Buffer Dewa Main Control Screen Total Hall supply flow CFI6711B

ESR valves CEV6711B and CEV6721B Return Pressure should read ~1.2-1.3 (broken) TD8210 is after the supply valve so it should read 4.5K (bad calibration) but if it reads 3.6 then liquid is being made at the JT valve EV8210 LL8210 is a superconducting level probe controlled by an AMI 135 controller on Level 1 of the space frame Exhaust temperature TD8211 is a useful control parameter to help keep the utubes cold PI8210 is the buffer dewar pressure and

it is this pressure that drives liquid from the dewar through EV8214 or EV8215 or both The supply valve EV8210 uses Cascaded PID Loops more detail later Hall B Buffer Dewar Recent issue LL8210 was reading around set point of 60% but jumping +/- 5% The AMI level controller was cycled from Update to

Sample and back and this cleared the problem The Level quickly dropped to zero and then recovered. This was caused by high pressure in the dewar. If the dewar is not reading properly it may be the pressure is too high. At 1500mBar it should be OK but at 1600+ it can get flakey. https://logbooks.jlab.org/e

ntry/3590099 Dewar Instrumentation Control Hardware Space Frame Level 1 Beam Left Helium Level Controller Warm Return valve EV8210CD Controller Cold Valve Controllers Temperature sensor Module

Update/Sample switch on level controller when in sample the sensor current is not continuously powered Supply Controls EV8210 primary loop controls on level A loop controls valve min position on exit temperature to assure U-tubes have flow

B loop controls valve max based on dewar pressure to throttle supply valve it dewar is blowing its relief C loop is in Manual mode and set Max of B loop Primary and A loops have long sample times because these control variables change slowly. Back Pressure Control EV8210BP primary loop controls on dewar pressure PI8210 Pressure needs to be above the targets helium circuit pressure to transfer liquid from the dewar to the target (Saclay or HD Ice or other) Liquid Withdrawal Controls Two liquid withdrawal valves allow filling of two separate systems. This was done to allow filling of both a

target reservoir and a superconducting magnet during the original CLAS running. At present we only use EV8214 to fill the Saclay Target, but in the future we may need the second valve to support other loads. Hall B 500 liter Buffer Dewar Possible issues and recovery Upon ESR trip it is possible and even likely that the dewar will be exposed to high pressure and blow its relief valve. To get the relief valve to reseal may require the following: Determine the pressures in other parts of Hall B and get info from cryo as to the ESR plant status. (When will compressor be running, when will pressures recover, when will cold flow be available) When the dewar pressure is depressurized (below 8 psig or ~1500mbar) the leaking relief valve and others that have reseated should be gently warmed using a propane torch (per JLab/Hall B procedures, contact work coordinator if in doubt) IF the pressure is not dropping it may be necessary to shut the supply valve EV8210 by putting it in manual mode.

The Helium level probe may need to have its probe current cycled as discussed earlier in this talk Always check to see there is a return path for dewar helium especially when the 4K cold return valve CEV6721B at ESR is shut. This path is typically through either the Torus and or Solenoid cold and warm returns back to the ambient vaporizer (next slide) There is a cooldown line that can be used but it has not been needed during CLAS12 operations thus far, and if used it could make recovery more difficult so using the cold return U-tube to the DBX is preferred (next slide) Because the dewar holds lots of liquid it can last for days before it goes empty. Typically after the relief valves have been sealed the dewar will recover without changing any PID settings. Hall B Distribution Box (DBX)

No supply valve in the 4K supply in the DBX. Also notice there is no variable temperature supply valve. This is different than the Solenoid or Torus. Blue line is 4K supply, it feeds Torus, Solenoid and Buffer Dewar Warm Return Valve EV8210CD

The warm return valve is a ball valve that is mounted to the dewar. It has an actuator that allows remote actuation, instructions for use are written on paper taped to the actuator This valve has not been opened during CLAS12 operation except during system purification, and except in an emergency or very off normal situation it should remain closed To know that the valve is closed one can look at the flats on the valve stem and see if they are horizontal if they are the valve is closed. If the valve is open then there will likely be ice on the piping at the valve Questions?

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