CRITICAL READING AND CRITIQUE CH. 2 WHERE DO WE FIND WRITTEN CRITIQUES IN THE WORLD? Academic writing Research papers Position papers
Book reviews Essay exams Workplace writing Legal briefs and arguments Business plans and proposals Policy briefs CRITICAL READING Critical reading requires you to both summarize and evaluate a presentation Review: what is a summary? A brief restatement in your own words of the content of a passage
Two questions to ask when evaluating a piece of writing: 1. to what extent does the author succeed in his or her purpose? 2. to what extent do you agree with the author? QUESTION 1: TO WHAT EXTENT DOES THE AUTHOR SUCCEED IN THEIR PURPOSE? Locate the authors thesis Identify the selections content and structure Understand the authors purpose
Inform, persuade, or entertain WRITING TO INFORM Types of informative writing: A report on a process A recount of a story Historical background on a topic Provide facts and figures
Informative writing responds to these questions: What (or who) is __________? How does _________ work? What is the controversy or problem about? What happened? How and why did it happen?
What were the results? What are the arguments for and against _________? WRITING TO INFORM Consider these criteria: Accuracy Significance so what? Fair interpretation of information We must distinguish between presentation of facts and evaluation of facts
WRITING TO PERSUADE Writer must begin with an arguable assertion In other words, a thesis Examples: Because they do not speak English, many children in this affluent land are being denied their fundamental right o equal educational opportunity. Bilingual education, which has been stridently promoted by a small group of activists with their own agenda, is detrimental to the very students it is supposed to serve. Which clue words let you know that these are arguable claims?
WRITING TO PERSUADE Assess an argument by asking: Has the author clearly defined key terms? Used information fairly? Argued logically and not fallaciously? QUESTION 2: TO WHAT EXTENT DO YOU AGREE WITH THE AUTHOR? Identifying points of agreement and disagreement Be clear about what you believe and how that relates to what the author believes
Summarize the authors position State and explain your own position Explore the reasons for agreement and disagreement: evaluate assumptions Your reactions to the authors position are based on your assumptions Belief about the world and its operations The author implies and we, the readers, infer
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