COS 421 The Reliability of the Bible and Modern Assumptions
COS 421 The Reliability of the Bible and Modern Assumptions Dr. Rodney K. Duke Appalachian State Univ. ADDRESSING BACKGROUNDED ASSUMPTIONS What do we mean by reliable? What is the personal response to that
which is reliable? IF SCRIPTURE IS RELIABLE, WHAT IS IT RELIABLE FOR? 2 TIMOTHY 3:14-17 But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, 15 and how from infancy you have known the holy Scriptures, which are able
[Duke: empowering] to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. 16 All Scripture is God-breathed [Duke: or God breathing] and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, 17 so that the person of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work. 14 Red =
purpose statements POSSIBLE MODERN ASSUMPTION To be reliable, it (e.g. Book of Isaiah) must be written by one person from the first word to the last! Why? The evidence is that much of the Bible is communal literature that was passed down in both oral and written forms and was shaped by the
community of faith for generations. POSSIBLE MODERN ASSUMPTION We will find systematic, propositional truths about God! (E.g. God is omnipotent, omnibenevolent, omnipresent, omniscient, etc.) Why? Psalmists, prophets, and others move from relational experiences with God to general conclusions about the nature of God
(top down), not from placing human abstract definitions onto God (bottom up). Poles of Communication Emotive Addresser | Means------------------------|---------------------Referent Poetic |
Referential Addressee Conative (persuasive) Modern readers tend to want to limit truth and meaning to scientific referential statements. What about: If your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out? Is that referential? Does it have meaning? What poles are emphasized? What is its function?
POSSIBLE MODERN ASSUMPTION Biblical teaching will be logically consistent! Yes, but, consistent to the purposes of the Scripture! Proverbs 26:4,5: 4) Do not answer a fool according to his folly, or you will be like him yourself. 5) Answer a fool according to his folly, or he will be wise in his own eyes. POSSIBLE MODERN ASSUMPTION All biblical narratives/stories must be
historically accurate in all aspects to be true! Why? Even our culture does not make an absolute separation between history and fiction. We have a range of literature with blends: fables, parables, legends, tall tales, dramatic enactments, historical fiction, fictional history.
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