Coppin State University

Coppin State University

The State Institute of Rehabilitation New Jersey Elizabeth C. Krauss The State Institute of Rehabilitation Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Location Building Summary Location and Occupancy Occupan cy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Outdoor Conditions Summer (0.4%): 94oF DB 74.9oF WB Winter (99.6%): 11oF DB Indoor Conditions Summer: 75oF DB 50% RH Winter: 72oF DB Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Fa c i l i t y Fa a d e

Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Heating Cooling B o i l e r- 1 ( 1 9 7 3 ) : C h i l l e r- 1 ( 1 9 7 3 ) : Natural Gas Electric Centrifugal Output: 5021 MBH Output: 300 tons B o i l e r- 2 ( 1 9 7 3 ) : C h i l l e r- 2 ( 1 9 7 3 ) : Natural Gas Air Cooled Liquid Output: 5021 MBH Output: 15.2 tons C h i l l e r- 2 ( 1 9 7 3 ) : Air Cooled Liquid Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Output: 18.4 tons Decommissioned Chiller (1973): Steam Absorption Overall Evaluation Conclusion Output: 230 tons Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Ro o ft o p U n i t sRT U - 1 RT U - 6 3 9 To n s c o o l i n g 470 MBH heating 11500 CFM 4 7 To n s c o o l i n g 570 MBH heating 14000 CFM RT U - 2 RT U - 7 3 9 To n s c o o l i n g 470 MBH heating 11500 CFM

4 0 To n s c o o l i n g 510 MBH heating 12500 CFM RT U - 3 RT U - 8 4 5 To n s c o o l i n g 470 MBH heating 12000 CFM 3 9 To n s c o o l i n g 510 MBH heating 12500 CFM RT U - 4 RT U - 9 4 5 To n s c o o l i n g 470 MBH heating 12000 CFM 3 9 To n s c o o l i n g 476 MBH heating 12500 CFM Capaciti es RT U - 5 4 7 To n s c o o l i n g 570 MBH heating 14000 CFM To t a l : 3 8 1 To n s c o o l i n g | 4516 MBH CFM | 112,500 Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Heating Boilers-1 Input: 2000 MBH Output: 1600 MBH Boilers-2 Input: 2000 MBH Output: 1600 MBH Boilers-3 Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Input: 2000 MBH Output: 1600 MBH Equipme 8 Cabinet nt Unit Heaters 8 Unit Heaters 1 3 7 Va r i a b l e A i r Vo l u m e U n i t s , h o t water reheat Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption Objectives Mechanical Investigation

Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Building Addition, E l e c t rEle ic i t y ctricity Use Month January February March April May June July August September October November December Annual Elevator Receptacles System Interior MBtu MBtu MBtu MBtu 3.969 3.751 4.291 3.95 4.13 4.111 3.969 4.291 4.111 3.969 4.111 4.13 48.78 87.691 81.63 92.391 87.033 89.462 88.804 87.691 92.391 88.804 87.691 88.804 90.62 1063.01 161.368 90.88 145.333 84.682 172.872 95.912 172.365 90.156 391.538 92.892 593.269 92.169 730.719 90.88 704.895 95.912 567.473 92.169 262.532 90.88 168.067 92.169 165.628 93.899 4236.059 1102.598 Existing Building, Electricity = ( 2 ) * 1 8 9 0 M Wh = 3780 MWh Total MBtu 343.907 315.396 365.466 353.503 578.022 778.352 913.259 897.488 752.557 445.071 353.151 354.277 6450.446 Total: 5,671 MWh = 1890 MWh Building Summary Location and Occupancy Fa c i l i t y a n d Fa a d e Equipment Existing Building Building Addition Electric Consumption

Objectives Operation Cost, Building Addition (134,861) + (120,226) =$255,087 Operation Cost, Existing Building (269,772) + (240,452) =$510,174 Building Electricity Month Btu kWh $/ kWh Cost January 343,907,000.00 100789.2 $0.0688 $6,934.30 February 315,396,000.00 92433.4 $0.0688 $6,359.42 March 365,466,000.00 107107.5 $0.0688 $7,369.00 April 353,503,000.00 103601.5 $0.0688 $7,127.78 May 578,022,000.00 169401.5 $0.0688 $11,654.82 June 778,352,000.00 228112.5 $0.0737 $16,811.89 July 913,259,000.00 267649.8 $0.0737 $19,725.79 August 897,488,000.00 263027.8 $0.0737 $19,385.15 September 752,557,000.00 220552.7 $0.0737 $16,254.73 October 445,071,000.00 130437.4 $0.0688

$8,974.10 November 353,151,000.00 103498.3 $0.0688 December 354,277,000.00 103828.3 Annual 6,450,449,000.00 1890440.0 Building Electricity Month Btu kWh $/ kWh Cost January 687,814,000.00 201578.4 $0.0688 $13,868.59 February 630,792,000.00 184866.9 $0.0688 $12,718.84 March 730,932,000.00 214215.0 $0.0688 $14,737.99 April 707,006,000.00 207203.0 $0.0688 $14,255.57 May 1,156,044,000.00 338803.1 $0.0688 $23,309.65 June 1,556,704,000.00 456224.9 $0.0737 $33,623.78 July 1,826,518,000.00 535299.6 $0.0737 $39,451.58 August 1,794,976,000.00 526055.5 $0.0737 $38,770.29 September 1,505,114,000.00 441105.4 $0.0737

$32,509.47 October 890,142,000.00 260874.9 $0.0688 $17,948.19 $7,120.69 November 706,302,000.00 206996.7 $0.0688 $14,241.37 $0.0688 $7,143.39 December 708,554,000.00 207656.7 $0.0688 $14,286.78 - $134,861.05 Annual 12,900,898,000.00 3780880.0 - $269,722.10 System Natural Gas Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion System Natural Gas Month Btu Therms $/ Therm Cost Month Btu Therms $/ Therm Cost January 2,159,000,000.00 21595.2 $0.5780 $12,482.00 January 4,318,000,000.00 43190.3 $0.5780 $24,964.00 February 1,776,000,000.00 17764.2 $0.5740 $10,196.67 February 3,552,000,000.00 35528.5 $0.5740

$20,393.35 March 1,712,000,000.00 17124.1 $0.5860 $10,034.72 March 3,424,000,000.00 34248.2 $0.5860 $20,069.43 April 1,522,000,000.00 15223.6 $0.6280 $9,560.44 April 3,044,000,000.00 30447.3 $0.6280 $19,120.88 May 1,599,000,000.00 15993.8 $0.6470 $10,348.00 May 3,198,000,000.00 31987.6 $0.6470 $20,696.00 June 1,552,000,000.00 15523.7 $0.6470 $10,043.84 June 3,104,000,000.00 31047.4 $0.6470 $20,087.68 July 1,560,000,000.00 15603.7 $0.5980 $9,331.03 July 3,120,000,000.00 31207.4 $0.5980 $18,662.05 August 1,616,000,000.00 16163.9 $0.5590 $9,035.60 August 3,232,000,000.00 32327.7 $0.5590 $18,071.19

September 1,584,000,000.00 15843.8 $0.5710 $9,046.80 September 3,168,000,000.00 31687.6 $0.5710 $18,093.60 October 1,603,000,000.00 16033.8 $0.5630 $9,027.04 October 3,206,000,000.00 32067.7 $0.5630 $18,054.09 November 1,696,000,000.00 16964.0 $0.5570 $9,448.98 November 3,392,000,000.00 33928.1 $0.5570 $18,897.95 December 1,971,000,000.00 19714.7 $0.5920 $11,671.11 December 3,942,000,000.00 39429.4 $0.5920 $23,342.21 Annual 20,350,000,000.00 203548.6 - $120,226.22 Annual 40,700,000,000.00 407097.2 - $240,452.44 Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Upgrade Objectiv es Plan Combined Heat, Cooling, and Power Increase

Overall Evaluation Conclusion Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency ( E PA ) Decrease Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Heating Pe a k D e m a n d L o a d s Existing Building 2 * (5021 MBH) = 10042 MBH Building Addition 4080 MBH To t a l : 10042 MBH + 4080 MBH 14,122 MBH Demand Boilers (3) 6400 MBH Output (3) 8000 MBH Input 6 , 5 9 8 l b s . / h r. s t e a m ea. Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Wa s t e Heat Combustion Tu r b i n e Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Combustion Turbine Operation Inputs Exhaust Flow (lb./hr) 51890 o Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation

Conclusion Exhaust Temperature ( F) 940 o 0.26 o 440 1.2 cp(BTU/lb.- F) Tex, boiler ( F) Electric Generation (MW) Result Qu = mex x cpex x (Texengine Tex boiler) = 6745700 = 6745.7 MBTU Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Cooling Loads Pe a k D e m a n d L o a d s Existing Building 300 tons + 18.4 tons + 15.2 tons = 333.6 tons Building Addition 448 tons To t a l : Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation 333.6 tons +448.0 tons Conclusion 781.6 ton Demand D o u b l e E ff e c t A b s o r p t i o n C h i l 802 ton capacity 6 8 7 3 l b s . s t e a m / h r. consumption Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e

Air Distribution, Addition Air Distribution, Existing Cooling: D X t o C h i l l e d Wa t e r Heating: Gas Burner to Steam Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Cooling: C h i l l e d Wa t e r Heating: Steam Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Operation, Winter 1.2 MW electricity 6745 MBH Wa s t e H e a t 1255 MBH Nat. Gas 6745 MBH Wa s t e H e a t 8000 MBH Nat. Gas 8000 MBH Nat. Gas Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Operation, Summe r 1.2 MW electricity 6400 MBH, 6598 lbs. steam 6400 MBH, 6598 lbs. steam 6400 MBH, 6598 lbs. steam 1255 MBH Nat. Gas 6598 l b s . / h r. steam 802 tons cooling Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment

Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Month Building Addition, rcentage of D e He matingaLoand dPeMa He ating ximum Load (BTU) January 1786 1786000000 100.00% February 1464 1464000000 81.97% March 1398 1398000000 78.28% April 1231 1231000000 68.92% May 1297 1297000000 72.62% June 1259 1259000000 70.49% July 1262 1262000000 70.66% Month Percentage of Maximum Demand Heating Load (BTU) January 100.00% 7471248000.00 February 81.97% 6124248080.63 March 78.28% 5848154929.45 April 68.92% 5149555592.39

May 72.62% 5425648743.56 June 70.49% 5266686020.16 July 70.66% 5279235708.85 Demand Month Cooling Cooling Load (BTU) Percentage of MaximumDemand Existing Building, Demand 57 57000000 2.30% August 73.46% 5488397187.01 September 72.12% 5387999677.49 August 1312 1312000000 73.46% January September 1288 1288000000 72.12% February 56 56000000 2.26% October 72.84% 5442381661.81 October 1301 1301000000 72.84% March 103 103000000 4.15% November 77.49% 5789589715.57 77.49% April 136 136000000 5.48% December 90.87% 6789381581.19 90.87%

May 964 964000000 38.84% Maximum 100.00% 7471248000.00 100.00% June 1931 1931000000 77.80% July 2482 2482000000 100.00% August 2408 2408000000 97.02% September 1817 1817000000 73.21% October 455 455000000 18.33% November 141 141000000 5.68% December 100 100000000 4.03% Maximum 2482 2482000000 100.00% November December Maximum 1384 1623 1786 1384000000 1623000000 1786000000 Maximum H e a t i n g Lo a d : 7,471,248,000 BTU, Jan. Maximum Cooling Lo a d : 2,978,380,800 BT rcentage of JMonth u l y PeMa Cooling Load ximum Demand (BTU) January 2.30% 68399559.07 February 2.26% 67199566.80 March

4.15% 123599203.22 April 5.48% 163198947.95 May 38.84% 1156792542.79 June 77.80% 2317185062.37 July 100.00% 2978380800.00 August 97.02% 2889581372.44 September 73.21% 2180385944.24 October 18.33% 545996480.26 November 5.68% 169198909.27 December 4.03% 119999226.43 Maximum 100.00% 2482000000.00 Annual Operating Cost Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Annual Operating Cost, Cooling Cooling Heating Plant Month Heating Load Modeled (BTU) Existing (BTU) Sum(BTU) Sum, load (Therms) Input (Therms) January

1786 1786000000 7471248000.00 9257248000.00 92594.58 February 1464 1464000000 6124248080.63 7588248080.63 March 1398 1398000000 5848154929.45 April 1231 1231000000 May 1297 June Sum(BTU) Sum(Therms) % Heating System 57000000 125399559 1254.30 0.00001% February 56000000 123199567 1232.29 0.00001% $54,382.40 March 103000000 226599203 2266.53 0.00002% $0.6470 $52,789.09 April 136000000 299198948 2992.70 0.00003% May 964000000 2120792543 21212.99 0.00023% June 1931000000 4248185062 42491.99 0.00046% $/ Therm Cost 115743.23 $0.5780 $66,899.59 75900.60

94875.75 $0.5740 $54,458.68 January 7246154929.45 72478.85 90598.56 $0.5860 $53,090.76 5149555592.39 6380555592.39 63820.79 79775.99 $0.6280 $50,099.32 1297000000 5425648743.56 6722648743.56 67242.54 84053.17 $0.6470 1259 1259000000 5266686020.16 6525686020.16 65272.44 81590.55 Month Modeled (BTU) July 1262 1262000000 5279235708.85 6541235708.85 65427.98 81784.97 $0.5980 $48,907.41 August 1312 1312000000 5488397187.01 6800397187.01 68020.21 85025.26 $0.5590 $47,529.12 September 1288 1288000000 5387999677.49 6675999677.49 66775.94 83469.92 $0.5710 $47,661.32 October 1301 1301000000 5442381661.81 6743381661.81 67449.92 84312.40

$0.5630 $47,467.88 July 2482000000 5460380800 54616.85 0.00059% November 1384 1384000000 5789589715.57 7173589715.57 71753.03 89691.28 $0.5570 $49,958.04 August 2408000000 5297581372 52988.46 0.00057% December 1623 1623000000 6789381581.19 8412381581.19 84143.90 105179.88 $0.5920 $62,266.49 Total 1786 - $635,510.1037 September 1817000000 3997385944 39983.40 0.00043% October 455000000 1000996480 10012.35 0.00011% November 141000000 310198909 3102.73 0.00003% December 100000000 219999226 2200.52 0.00002% 16605000000 69462526898 86067526898 860880.77 1076100.963 Emissions, Before Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Equipment Boilers

C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e Chiller Air Distribution Operations and Cost Emissions Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Electricity At Power Plant Combustion Byproducts by Fuel Source for Specified Electric Consumption (MWh): 5671 Distribution by Fuel Source, Fuel Type Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Renewables 2325.04 146.84 3059.26 139.85 On Site Combustion Byproducts by Fuel Source for Specified Electric Consumption (MWh): 5671 lbs CO2 lbs SO2 lbs NO2 Fuel Type 2,638,920.48 330,253.59 - 232.50 1,908.98 - 3,952.57 881.07 - Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Renewables MWh Electricity Distribution by Fuel Source, lbs CO2 lbs SO2 0 lbs NO2 MWh 2325.04 146.84 3059.26 5671.00 Total 7,916,761.45 697.51 11,857.70 990,760.76 5,726.94 2,643.20 8907522.213 6424.453 14500.90783 Natural Gas Natural Gas Emissions (lbs/ MWh) Combustion Byproduct Carbon Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Nitrous Oxides Emissions (lbs/ MWh) 1135 0.1 1.7 Emissions, After

MWh 17889 17889 17889 Emissions (lbs/ MWh) Combustion Byproduct Carbon Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Nitrous Oxides Emissions, lbs 20,304,015 1,789 30,411 To t a l 29,211,537 lbs. CO2 NO Emissions (lbs/ MWh) 1135 0.1 1.7 MWh 41120 41120 41120 Emissions, lbs 46,671,200 4,112 69,904 To t a l | 8,213 lbs. SO2 | 44,912 lbs. 46,671,200 lbs. CO2 37% increase CO2 | | 4,112 lbs. SO2 NO | 69,904 lbs. 50% decrease lbs. SO2 | 35% Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation F i r s t C o s t & O ff s e t Electricity Name Boiler 1 Boiler 2 Boiler 3 SAM-1 CT-1 Incentives Fi r s t C o s t , System Capital Cost Equipment Capacity 6400 6400 6400 802 1.2 Unit MBH MBH MBH Tons MW Incentive $/ sf $/ KW $/ kWh $/ ton

$/ MMBH Total Cost - $1,200.00 - $430.00 - $5,100.00 $5,100.00 $5,100.00 Total $32,640.00 $32,640.00 $32,640.00 $344,860.00 $1,440,000.00 $1,882,780.00 Incentive Quanities Electricity Produced, MW Electricity Produced, W Incentive Price ($/ W) Financial Incentive, $ Total Incentive, $ 1 MW >1 MW 1.2 MW 1000000 200000 0.55 0.35 $550,000.00 $70,000.00 $620,000.00 Cost of Operation & Grid Resale Overall Evaluation Conclusion $1,882,780.00-$620,000.000 = $1,262,780 32.9% savings Building Summary Objectives B e f o re Re t ro fi t Mechanical Investigation (255,087, Addition)+(510,174, Existing) = $765,261 Electrical Investigation F i r s t C o s t & O ff s e t Cost of Operation & Grid Resa le Overall Evaluation Conclusion G r i d Re s a l e Costs of Operation Electricity Consumption vs. Production Produced (MWh) (458,418, boilers)+(371,945,CT) = $830,364 10512 Existing Residual (MWh) 1890 Addition Aft e r Re t ro fi t Used (MWh) 4841.2 3780.8 =$340,981 earned $830,364-$340,981 = $489,383 3 6 % d e c re a s e i n o p e r a t i o n a l c o s t s Equipment

Building Summary Objectives Installed Equipment Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation ( 1 ) G a s - fi r e d g e n e r a t o r C o m b u s t i o n Tu r b i n e ( 1 . 2 M ( 1W ) )6 4 0 0 M B h w a s t e - h e a t f u e l e d , f o r c e d d r a f t t e) a6m e tr u r a l - g a s fi r e d , f o r c e d d r a f t s t e a m (s2 4 0b0o inl a e0 r s2 t o n s t e a m a b s o r p t i o n c h i l l e r (b1o)i l 8 Overall Evaluation Altered Equipment Ro o f t o p A i r H a n d l i n g U n i t s D X t o C h i l l e d Wa t e r Gas Burner to Steam Conclusion Perfo rman ce 37% increase CO2 | 50% decrease lbs. SO2 increase NO 3 2 . 9 % fi r s t - c o s t s a v i n g s 36% decrease in operational costs | 35% Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Acknowledgements Thank you to: Robert Gould P. E . D r. L a u r a M i l l e r Also to: Fa m i l y Fr i e n d s Fellow AE students Questions Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Space, Before Mechanical Room Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion

Mechanical Space D o m e s t i c Wa t e r Re h e a t Electricity Production, Plant vs. Site Mechanical Room Machine Equipment Mechanical Space, After Water Softener Hot Water Boiler, 1 Hot Water Boiler, 2 Hot Water Boiler, 3 Hot Water Pump,1 Hot Water Pump,2 Hot Water Pump, 3 Access Requirements Front Back Side Side Area Width Length Width Length Width Length Width Length Width Length Total 5 3 3 3 2 2 2 3 9.167 9.167 9.167 4.5 4.5 4.5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 9.167 9.167 9.167 4.5 4.5 4.5 3 3 3 3 3 3 9.167 9.167 9.167 4.5 4.5 4.5 Total 15 100.503 100.503 100.503 54 54 54 478.509 Machine Equipment Combustion Turbine Steam Absorption Chiller Hot Water Boiler, 1

Hot Water Boiler, 2 Hot Water Boiler, 3 Access Requirements Front Back Side Side Area Width Length Width Length Width Length Width Length Width Length Total 8 9.51 4.5 4.5 4.5 21.91 25.85 14 14 14 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 9.167 9.167 9.167 9.167 3 3 3 3 3 3 9.167 9.167 9.167 9.167 Total 202.28 318.8355 136.002 136.002 136.002 929.122 Building Summary D o m e s t i c Wa t e r R e h e a t Heat Transfer Through Schedule 40 Steel Objectives Through a Pipe of Singular Composition (one material) Q = (k pipe)(Am)(Ti-To) = Mechanical Investigation (ro-ri) Overall Evaluation Conclusion Mechanical Space D o m e s t i c Wa t e r Re h e a t Electricity Production, Plant vs. Site 0.023 Heat Transfer Through Steel "Insulation" Electrical Investigation 269.457 = 11715.53 BTU/hr Through Insulation Only *Q = (k insulation)(Am)(Te-Ti) =

269.457 = (re-ro) 24496.1 0.011 *Assumes that thermal resistance of pipe is negligible compared to thermal resistance of insulation, and that little accuracy will be lost if the pipe wall thickness term is omitted from the denominator Heat Transfer Through an Insulated Pipe Q= (2)(L)(T)(Ti-To) [{ln(ro/ri)/k pipe}+{ln(re/ro)/k insulation }] = 39.226 0.005 = 8088.385 Inputs Building Summary Objectives Mechanical Investigation Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Conclusion Mechanical Space D o m e s t i c Wa t e r Re h e a t Electricity Production, Plant vs. Site Re s u l t s 8.088 MBh heat recovered 358.87 MBh required 2.3% savings Suggestions Change condensate pipe to copper Increase length of apparatus Duplicate apparatus for existing building sanitary line 1.2 MW Electricity, Plant Building Summary Objectives Electricity, Consumed Electricity, Produced At Power Plant Emissions (lbs/ MWh) Combustion Byproducts by Fuel Source for Specified Electric Consumption (MWh): 10512 Mechanical Investigation Fuel Type Distribution by Fuel Source, Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Renewables 4309.79 272.20 5670.78 259.24 lbs CO2 lbs SO2 lbs NO2 4,891,612.08 612,171.70 - 430.98 3,538.56 -

7,326.64 1,633.18 - Combustion Byproduct Carbon Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Nitrous Oxides MWh Electrical Investigation Overall Evaluation Emissions (lbs/ MWh) 1135 0.1 1.7 MWh 18419 18419 18419 Emissions, lbs 20,905,565 1,842 31,312 On Site Combustion Byproducts by Fuel Source for Specified Electric Consumption (MWh): 10512 Fuel Type Conclusion Mechanical Space D o m e s t i c Wa t e r Re h e a t Electricity Production, Plant vs. Site 1.2 MW Electricity, Site Distribution by Fuel Source, MWh Natural Gas Coal Nuclear Renewables 4309.79 272.20 5670.78 10512.00 Total lbs CO2 lbs SO2 lbs NO2 14,674,836.25 1,292.94 21,979.93 1,836,515.10 10,615.69 4,899.55 16511351.35 11908.63 26879.48212 To t a l To t a l 16,511,351 lbs. CO2 NO | 11,909 lbs. SO2 | 26,879 lbs. 20,905,565 lbs. CO2 21% increase CO2 | | 1,842 lbs. SO2 NO | 31,312 lbs. 84% decrease lbs. SO2 | 14%

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