Confused and Misused Words and Phrases

Confused and Misused Words and Phrases

chomp! chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, 2015 by Robin L. Simmons. Confused Confused and and Misused Misused Words Words and and Phrases Phrases Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. No, youre wrong. The word should be effect, with an e.

Dude, thats advises, with an s, not a c. This presentation advices you on words or phrases that are commonly misused or confused. On On an an objective objective test, test, an an item item evaluating evaluating the the skill skill might might look look like

like this this ...... Theyre/ Theyre/ There/ There/ Their Their Theyre is a contraction for they are. Theyre almost here. There refers to a place or to emphasize focus on something. There should be enough cookies for everyone. Their refers to possession or belonging to. Their party was awesome! Their snacks were delicious. Sample Sample Item Item My friends ate at Titos Taco Palace, so theyre theyre A hoping that their their lunch lunch stays stays down, down, for for their

theirare there are are B C rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. At you need AtIsC, you need word IsC,the the word there, there, the the confused or confused or expletive, expletive, or or misused

at misused at A, A, placeholder, placeholder, B, or B,form. or C? C? form. A.their B.theyre C.there there D.No change is necessary. Recognize Recognize misspelled/correctly misspelled/correctly spelled spelled words words and and phrases. phrases.

X X X X X Alright Alot Rite Should of Suppose to Spelled wrong! All right A lot Right, write Should have Supposed to Spelled

correctly! Recognize Recognize the the distinctions distinctions among among related related words. words. 3 or more; Among my friends Noncount; Amount of butter Adjective; A good essay Evident, unambiguous Among Between Amount Number Good Well Explicit Implicit Know Know these these

differences! differences! 2 only; Between Fred and me Count; Number of cookies Adverb; He writes well. Implied, ambiguous Know Know the the difference difference that that aa single single new new letter letter can can make. make. Before a word beginning with a

consonant [sound] Before A An Before a word beginning with a vowel [sound] Already All ready Completely prepared A thought or conception Idea Ideal The concept of something perfect To suffer the deprivation of Lose Loose

Free from restraint Verb; past tense of are Were Where More More to to learn! learn! A place Know Know the the difference difference that that an an apostrophe apostrophe can can make. make. Possessive pronoun; belonging to it

Its Its Contraction for it is or it has Possessive pronoun; belonging to whom Whose Whos Contraction for who is or who has Possessive pronoun; belonging to you Your Youre Contraction for you are Possessive

Possessive pronouns pronouns never never contain contain an an apostrophe. apostrophe. Contractions Contractions do do contain contain an an apostrophe. apostrophe. Know Know the the difference difference aa change change to to aa single single letter letter can can make. make.

Advice Advise Affect Effect Verb form City, wealth, important Capital Capitol The building for lawmaking To quote A location Rough Cite Site Coarse Course Praise Compliment Complement Goes well with

Set Sit Stationary Stationery Than Then Be seated Noun form Usually a verb Put in place Unchanging Indicates comparison Why Why is is English English so so complicated? complicated? Usually a noun Path, route Paper Next

Dont Dont let let these these homonyms homonyms [sound [sound alike alike words] words] confuse confuse you. you. Agree to or receive Accept Except Plural present of the verb be Are Our Past tense of pass Passed Past Leave out Possessive pronoun; belonging to us

Gone, by Go before Precede Proceed Carry on Chief [person], main Principal Principle Truth or rule Correct, a just claim, a direction Right Write Make letters with an instrument Sight, touch, hearing, smell, taste Sense Since Adverb, conjunction,

or preposition Sight Site Threw Through A location View, glimpse Past tense of throw State of the atmosphere Weather Whether Beyond Introduces an alternative Every Every one one vs. vs. everyone everyone Use everyone as a pronoun to mean all the people in a group. Examples: Do you think everyone will want to come to the party? She wants everyone to leave comments on her blog.

Every one Use every one as a noun to indicate each person. Examples: Every one of the students has a question about the grammar. My boss told every one of the employees himself. My brain is getting full! Relax, dude, were almost there! To, To, Too, Too, Two Two Use to as a preposition. Jonathan drove to the seafood shop. Use to to begin an infinitive. He hoped to buy fresh squid. Use too to show degree. The squid was too expensive to purchase. Use too as a synonym for also.

Make sure to buy ice, too. Use two when you mean the number. Jonathan bought two flounder filets instead. She, too, wants to go to the party. There, There, Their, Their, Theyre Theyre Use there as an expletive, a placeholder to delay the subject. There is a turtle in the road. Use there to indicate place. Across the road is a lake. The turtle hopes to get there before a car hits him. Use their as a possessive pronoun. Most drivers dont see the turtle; their eyes are glued to their cell phones. Use theyre as a contraction for they are. Theyre also distracted by other devices, like the radio and navigation system. Lose Lose Vs. Vs. Loose Loose

The word lose rhymes with snooze. It is a verb meaning: Fail to keep (either physically or in an abstract sense), to misplace, to no longer have: If I lose my glasses once more this week, I am going to glue them to my head. Terry had already lost one family member to cancer. He did not want to lose another. Lose Lose Vs. Vs. Loose Loose Loose Loose, which rhymes with moose, is an adjective meaning not tight, not dense, or free from constraint. Less commonly, it can be used as a verb meaning to unleash Watch your footing on this loose gravel. There is a dangerous man loose on the street. Than Than Vs.

Vs. Then Then Then is mainly an adverb, often used to situate actions in time. For example, you wake up in the morning and then have breakfast. If you wake up late, then you might have to skip breakfast. Than is a conjunction used mainly in making comparisons. My breakfast is better than yours. I make breakfast differently than you do. When When in in doubt, doubt, look look it it up up in in the the dictionary! dictionary! Your brain has registered all of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. If you dont recognize the right answer, get up on your pretty, little legs and get a dictionary!

Excuse me, I need a dictionary! Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose No change is necessary. Your turn! Lets see what you can do! Item Item 1 1 Even though we warned Jake not to eat a hole hole whole AA pie at one sitting, he sat sat at at the the kitchen

kitchen table table and and B proceeded to proceeded toconsume consumeslice sliceafter afterslice. slice. C A. whole A.whole B.set C.preceded D.No change is necessary. Item Item 2 2 Give Jerrod a compliment complimentbecause becausehis hisshoe shoe A

laces complement complementthe thecolors colorsininhis hisplaid plaidshirt. shirt. B His fashion since since isisisgradually sense gradually graduallyimproving. improving. improving. CC A.complement B.compliment C.sense sense D.No change is necessary. Item Item 3 3 If you go by by the the supermarket,

supermarket, buy buyaapackage packageof of A B hotdog buns. Than Than we Then we can can grill grill the the sausage sausage for for C dinner. C.Then Then D.No change is necessary. Item Item 4 4 Heed my advice, advice, and

and dont dont loose looseyour lose your yourreceipt. receipt. receipt. A BB The college bookstore will not accept accept any any excuse excuse C if you need to return those books. A.advise B.lose lose C.except D.No change is necessary. Item Item 5 5 The heard heardofof herd

ofgazelle gazelle gazelleleaped leaped leapedthrough through throughthe theair airasas AA BB the animals tried to elude elude the the cheetah. cheetah. C A. herd A.herd B.threw C.allude D.No change is necessary. Item Item 6 6 Maybe Gerald Maybe

Gerald is is caught caught in in traffic, traffic, or or he he maybe maybe may be A BB flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, dont accept accept any any excuse excuse for for his his tardiness. tardiness. C A.May be B.may may be be C.except D.No change is necessary.

Item Item 7 7 When there there are are fewer fewerstudents studentsininaaclass, class,the the A B professor has less less worries fewer worries worries that that that everyone everyone everyone is isis CC getting individual attention. A.their

B.less C.fewer fewer D.No change is necessary. Item Item 8 8 We were were successful successful baking baking 300 300 cupcakes cupcakes for for A the charity event, but today were were exhausted exhausted after after B spending all night preparing the desserts. desserts. C A.were B.were C.deserts D.No change

changeisisnecessary. necessary. Item Item 9 9 Gregory passed passed his his chemistry chemistry final, final, so so now now he he A wont loose loosehis lose his hisscholarship. scholarship. scholarship.As As Ashe he hewalked walked walkedpast

past past B CC the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.past B.lose lose C.passed D.No change is necessary. Item Item 10 10 Mr. Ramos hopes to except except the accept the bid bid on on the the house. house. A He has agreed to all of the buyers conditions except retiling except retiling the the master

master bathroom bathroom since sinceitit B C would be too much work. A. accept A.accept B.accept C.sense D.No change is necessary. Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confused words. chomp! Go to! chomp! The End. Watch where youre going, fool!

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