Comparatives and Clauses - Gordon College

Comparatives and Clauses - Gordon College

Mastering NT Greek 27. Comparatives and Clauses By Ted Hildebrandt 2003 Baker Academic Warm-ups Rapping the Lords Prayer father our

the one let be in heaven name let come

make holy your kingdom

will your , your Rapping the Lords Prayer as

the in heaven also

bread our on earth

daily give us today Rapping the Lords Prayer

and forgive us we have forgiven as

also the ones trespasses trespassing us our

Rapping the Lords Prayer and do not lead into but temptation

deliver us us

the evil one from 2-1-2 Paradigms - Chant this 2

1 2

3rd Declension Chantables ,

() () ()

PAI Verb Chant () The "is" verb PAI -- ()

() Imperfect Person Personal Pronoun Chant Singular

Plural Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc. , , (he, she, it) Present Middle/Passive Indicative

, - -, - -, - I am loosed/am being loosed I loose myself/am loosing [for myself] Shape of the Future in Greek I will loose

We will loose You will loose You all will loose () They will loose

S/he/it will loose Chant this one Future Middle Paradigm - -

I will loose (for myself) - - - We will loose (for ourselves) Demonstrative and Relative Pronouns Summary , , = that , ,

, , = this = Relative (who, which) Imperfect Active Paradigm of , , , , I was loosing,

Chant: , , Imperfect Middle/Passive (IM/PI) Chant: , , I was being loosed , ,

Second Aorist Active Chant , , , , , Second Aorist Middle Chant -, -,

-, -, - Aorist Stem Changes -- 8 to know == (I came, went) == (I saw) == (I said) == (I became) == (I knew) == ( I had) == (I took) == (I found) 1st Aorist Active Paradigm

: I loosed --, , , , , Learn: 1st Aorist Middle Paradigm : I loosed for myself -, -, -, -, - Learn: Chanting the Present Particple Chant Present Nom.

Gen. Present Nom. Gen. Active: ptc = participle Middle/Passive

Aorist Participle Chant First Aorist Active 3-1-3 (chant) Nom. Gen. Nom. Gen.

First Aorist Middle Nom. Gen. 2-1-2 (non-chant) Perfect Participle Chant Perfect Active Participles (know these)

3 1 3 Perfect Middle/Passives Participles 2 1 2

Infinitive Endings to Chant (to loose) Present: Second Aorist: First Aorist:

Perfect: Hint: often when seeing an "" on the end of a "" on the end of a on the end of a verb suspect an infinitive. Subjunctive Chant PAS , , , , , () PM/P S , -, , -, -, - Imperative ending soft shoe

Present Imperative -, -, -, - (Active) -, -, -, - (M/Pas) First Aorist Imperative -, -, -, - (Active) -, -, -, - (Mid) -, -, -, - (Pas) Second Aorist endings = present endings + in the passive

5 Bad Boys [email protected], e]leu

3 4 5 (100), (1000) 6 7

8 9 10 Comparatives and Clauses Ch. 27 Comparatives/Superlatives Comparatives/Superlatives In English it is seen in: good / small better / smaller (comparative) best / smallest (superlative)

great, greater, greatest, etc. beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful Comparative compares 2 items; Superlatives compare 3 or more Greek Comparative/Superlative In Greek the comparative may be function as: 1) A regular adjective 2) A superlative (superlative dying out) 3) A elative (intensified adjectival sense: very great) Superlative may function: regular, elative or comparative as well Greek Comparative

Greek uses an or -, -, - ending or -, -, - ending (great) -- (greater) (Mat 11:11), (many), (more) The particle is frequently used in comparative situations "" on the end of a greater than... Comparative as elative () who was seen for very many days (Acts 13:31)

Greek Comparative Comparative as superlative Luk 9:48 ... the least among you ... is greatest Comparative as regular Adj. Mat 12:6 I tell you, [something] greater than the temple is here Greek Comparative Declining comparatives: , , , , ... Other comparatives

(good); (better) (much); (more) (bad); (worse) Greek Superlatives Superlatives made by adding -, -, - or -, -, - (little) (great) (less) (greater) (least) (greatest)

Some other superlatives , -, - (highest); (most) Greek Superlatives As elative: Mk 4:1 a very great crowd gathered before him As Comparative Mat 21:28 . a man had two sons. He came to the first and said

Comparative/Superlatives Comparative endings: - or -, -, - Superlatives endings: -, -, - or -, -, - Conjunctions - Temporal -Structural Markers

until until when when when before Conjunctions - Causal Structural Markers for

because because since since since Conjunctions - Purpose -Structural Markers in order that in order that in order that Conjunctions - Continuative Structural Markers

and, now that that and and then, now Conjunctions - Adversative Structural Markers

but but but -- rare however however, then, therefore Other structural marking particles

so be it, truly therefore behold behold indeed yes, indeed Clause types - Introduction Phrase -- multiple word unit without a verb Clause -- multiple word unit with a verb Clauses can act or substitute for: 1) Substantive (noun): I do not have what I need.

2) Adjective: He bought the ball which was on the floor. 3) Adverb: We will visit when the car is working. Clause Types -- Purpose Clause Purpose Clause -- Tells the goal or reason for the action of the main verb I went to encourage Zach. -- tells goal/purpose for an activity Infinitives play this role Do not think that I came to destroy the law.

Purpose Clause or with the articular infinitive (Mat 23:5) they do [them] to be seen by men With + subjunctive -- he came that he might bear witness concerning the light (Jn 1:7) Result Clause Shows results of main verb. In English the translation is often close but the meaning is quite distinct or + Infinitive

(1 Cor. 13:2) and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains (result of faith) Temporal Clauses Tell when the events of the main verb are taking place (before, after, during ...) The structural indicating conjunctions will trigger this , []. When Jesus had finished these words, he departed (Mat 19:1)

Thinking beyond the box The point of the discussion on clauses was to begin thinking beyond the word level (parsing, word meaning) moving to the phrase and clause level. Language Levels The development is from: words phrases & clauses words/phrases/clause sentences Sentences to paragraphs Finally paragraphs discourses/books/epistles Language Levels

Discourse/Story/Epistle Paragraph 1 Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Paragraph 2 Sentence 3 Loc. Sub. Clause Clause PrepP: Loc PrepP

He wrote in the book which was on the table. Importance of different levels Context determines meaning. These higher levels allow one to establish semantic and syntactic context. Chapter 27 Vocabulary two twelve , , one

one hundred seven Chapter 27 Vocabulary , , no, no one , , no, no one five , three , -, thousand

Vocabulary Review Chapter 27 Vocabulary two twelve , , one one hundred seven Chapter 27 Vocabulary

, , no, no one , , no, no one five , three , -, thousand Chapter 26 Vocabulary , - of him/her/itself , -, - my, mine

, -, garment , , night , , whoever Chapter 26 Vocabulary where? I worship , someone, something , who? which?

here, hither Chapter 25 Vocabulary I raise, erect I destroy I let go, dismiss I give, put now, already

Chapter 25 Vocabulary I set, stand I proclaim I entrust I put, place I say Chapter 24 Vocabulary , -, - beloved

, -, scribe , -, demon I think I glorify, honor Chapter 24 Vocabulary

outside I ask , -, will , -, throne , -, mountain

Chapter 23 Vocabulary I lead, bring I set free if, whether , -, commandment , -, fruit Chapter 23 Vocabulary , -, - faithful , -, -

elder , -, word , -, Sabbath I bear, carry Chapter 22 Vocabulary I ask , - eternal I kill , -,

head I drink Chapter 22 Vocabulary , -, boat , -, fire I keep, guard , -, water I rejoice

Chapter 21 Vocabulary I open I baptize , -, gospel I witness I send Chapter 21 Vocabulary , -, - evil, bad

, -, face , -, sign, miracle , -, mouth I go away Chapter 20 Vocabulary I go up I rule, begin (in mid.) , -, - each, every

I drive out and I, but I Chapter 20 Vocabulary I go down more, rather , -, mother where, since therefore, so that

Chapter 19 Vocabulary I follow before , -, sea, lake I sit , -, time Chapter 19 Vocabulary

and not, nor, neither I fall , , foot I come/go to I pray Chapter 18 Vocabulary genna

righteousness e]a

I see peripate

if, that I eat I live I seek or, either Chapter 17 Vocabulary I call I speak, say

I urge, exhort I fill, complete I do, make Chapter 16 Vocabulary , -, Age, eternity

one another , High priest , -, -, woman

I can, am able Chapter 16 Vocabulary , -, nation ,

-, - as great as , -, city And, and so

, , hand Chapter 15 Vocabulary , other

, -, - -, bread it is necessary , authority

, -, -, - different Chapter 15 Vocabulary yet, still

, eye -, , -, child ,

-, place , , light Chapter 14 Vocabulary

, -, I teach , -, -

I raise, take up blood one's own , -, - good

Chapter 14 Vocabulary I am about to, intend , -, way , , much, many , -, body , -, soul, life Chapter 13 Vocabulary

, , man, husband , -, king , -, power, miracle , -, name , , each, every, all Chapter 13 Vocabulary , , father , , faith, belief

, -, spirit, wind , , flesh, body , -, grace, kindness Chapter 12 Vocabulary I die there until behold

Chapter 12 Vocabulary in order that, that , -, John on the one hand, indeed , -, - whole, entire Chapter 12 Vocabulary when

with Chapter 11 Vocabulary I go away, leave that , -, - Jewish as, just as Chapter 11 Vocabulary , ,

who, which when again , , this Chapter 11 Vocabulary , -, Peter for, about (gen.) above, beyond (acc.)

Chapter 11 Vocabulary for, about (gen.) above, beyond (acc.) Vocabulary Ch. 10 life death

I remain , -, I judge

, -, only, alone , -, - Vocabulary Ch. 10 now

and not, nor I save Paul

then Vocabulary Ch. 9 I answer

I send I become I throw

I come in Vocabulary Ch. 9 I go out

I come/go thus, so

I wish I go Vocabulary Ch. 8

he/she/it land, earth, region , -, I, we

, -, - , day , -, that, so that Vocabulary Ch. 8 so, then, therefore

crowd (with Gen.) beside, with , -,

from (with Dat.) alongside, beside (with Acc.) Vocabulary Ch. 8

you / you (pl) / by, at the hands of (with Gen.) under, below (with Acc.) Vocabulary -- Ch. 7 good , -, - Holy , -, - righteous , -, -

Vocabulary Ch. 7 I am Jewish, a Jew , -, - Great , , Vocabulary -- Ch. 7 dead , -, - no, not , , first , -, - voice

, -, Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Gen.) from (Gen.) through (Acc.) on account of (Acc.) into Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Gen.) out of, from

(Dat.) in (Gen.) on, over (Dat.) on, at, against, on the basis of Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Acc.) on, to, toward, against (Gen.) down, against (Acc.) according to (Gen.) with

Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Acc.) after, behind (Gen.) about, concerning (Acc.) around, near (Acc.) to Ch. 5 -- Vocabulary love , -, truth

, -, sin , -, kingdom , -, writing, Scripture , -, Ch. 5 -- Vocabulary I raise up assembly, church , -, work , -, disciple , -,

Hour , -, Ch. 4 -- Vocabulary I love I write but, and servant, slave , -, I find Ch. 4 -- Vocabulary temple

, -, People , -, law , -, house , -, as, about, how Ch. 3 -- Vocabulary but, yet

apostle, sent one , -, I see for, then I know

Ch. 3 -- Vocabulary Jesus , -, I take, receive I loose heaven , -, I believe Ch. 2 -- Vocabulary brother

, -, I hear, obey glory, fame , -, I have world , -, Ch. 2 -- Vocabulary Lord, sir , -, word , -, Peter

, -, son , -, Pharisee , -, Ch. 1 -- Vocabulary angel, messenger , -, verily, truly man, humankind , -, I God

, -, Ch. 1 -- Vocabulary and, also, even heart , -, I say prophet , -, Christ, Messiah , -, In Order Vocabulary Review

Ch. 1 -- Vocabulary angel, messenger , -, verily, truly man, humankind , -, I God , -, Ch. 1 -- Vocabulary and, also, even heart

, -, I say prophet , -, Christ, Messiah , -, Ch. 2 -- Vocabulary brother , -, I hear, obey glory, fame , -, I have

world , -, Ch. 2 -- Vocabulary Lord, sir , -, word , -, Peter , -, son , -, Pharisee , -,

Ch. 3 -- Vocabulary but, yet apostle, sent one , -, I see for, then

I know Ch. 3 -- Vocabulary Jesus , -, I take, receive I loose heaven , -,

I believe Ch. 4 -- Vocabulary I love I write but, and servant, slave , -, I find Ch. 4 -- Vocabulary temple

, -, People , -, law , -, house , -, as, about, how Ch. 5 -- Vocabulary love , -, truth , -,

sin , -, kingdom , -, writing, Scripture , -, Ch. 5 -- Vocabulary I raise up assembly, church , -, work , -, disciple , -, Hour

, -, Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Gen.) from (Gen.) through (Acc.) on account of (Acc.) into Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Gen.) out of, from (Dat.)

in (Gen.) on, over (Dat.) on, at, against, on the basis of Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Acc.) on, to, toward, against (Gen.) down, against (Acc.) according to (Gen.) with

Chapter 6 Vocabulary (Acc.) after, behind (Gen.) about, concerning (Acc.) around, near (Acc.) to Vocabulary -- Ch. 7 good , -, - Holy , -, -

righteous , -, - Vocabulary Ch. 7 I am Jewish, a Jew , -, - Great , , Vocabulary -- Ch. 7 dead , -, - no, not , , first

, -, - voice , -, Vocabulary Ch. 8 he/she/it land, earth, region

, -, I, we , -, - , day , -, that, so that

Vocabulary Ch. 8 so, then, therefore crowd (with Gen.)

beside, with , -, from (with Dat.) alongside, beside

(with Acc.) Vocabulary Ch. 8 you / you (pl) / by, at the hands of (with Gen.) under, below (with Acc.)

Vocabulary Ch. 9 I answer I send I become

I throw I come in

Vocabulary Ch. 9 I go out I come/go

thus, so I wish I go

Vocabulary Ch. 10 life death

I remain , -, I judge , -,

only, alone , -, - Vocabulary Ch. 10 now and not, nor

I save Paul

then Chapter 11 Vocabulary I go away, leave that , -, - Jewish as, just as

Chapter 11 Vocabulary , , who, which when again , , this Chapter 11 Vocabulary , -, Peter

for, about (gen.) above, beyond (acc.) Chapter 11 Vocabulary for, about (gen.) above, beyond (acc.) Chapter 12 Vocabulary I die there

until behold Chapter 12 Vocabulary in order that, that , -, John on the one hand, indeed , -, - whole, entire

Chapter 12 Vocabulary when with Chapter 13 Vocabulary , , man, husband , -, king , -, power, miracle

, -, name , , each, every, all Chapter 13 Vocabulary , , father , , faith, belief , -, spirit, wind , , flesh, body , -, grace, kindness

Chapter 14 Vocabulary , -, I teach

, -, - I raise, take up blood one's own , -, -

good Chapter 14 Vocabulary I am about to, intend , -, way , , much, many , -, body , -, soul, life

Chapter 15 Vocabulary , other , -, - -, bread

it is necessary , authority , -, -, - different Chapter 15 Vocabulary

yet, still , eye -, , -,

child , -, place , ,

light Chapter 16 Vocabulary , -, Age, eternity one another

, High priest , -, -, woman

I can, am able Chapter 16 Vocabulary , -, nation , -, - as great as

, -, city And, and so ,

, hand Chapter 17 Vocabulary if, that I eat I live

I seek or, either Chapter 17 Vocabulary I call I speak, say I urge, exhort I fill, complete I do, make

Chapter 18 Vocabulary genna

peace Chapter 18 Vocabulary oi]ki

I fear Chapter 19 Vocabulary I follow before , -, sea, lake I sit , -, time

Chapter 19 Vocabulary and not, nor, neither I fall , , foot I come/go to I pray

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