Communications Technology (CommTech) FY06 Plan and Budget
NIJ Chemical-BiologicalRadiological-Nuclear (CBRN) Protective Ensemble Standard for Law Enforcement Lieutenant Tom Nolan Technologies for Critical Incident Preparedness Conference October 2008 Why Develop CBRN Ensemble Standard for Law Enforcement? Existing standards address CBRN protection for many emergency responders (HAZMAT, fire service, technical rescue, and emergency medical service) No existing standard fully addresses law enforcement needs DHS grant programs limit procurement of CBRN ensembles to those compliant with standards adopted by DHS
Result - procurement of ensembles that are neither designed for nor tested to meet requirements of the law enforcement community Result Law Enforcement Requirements Examples include: Durability Different threats (i.e., human threat) Dexterity (operating firearm) Stealth operations Compatibility with other mission-essential equipment (communications, ballisticresistant armor, helmets, etc.) Why the NIJ?
NIJ's principal authorities are derived from the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (see 42 USC 3721-3723) and Title II of the Homeland Security Act of 2002. Research, development and evaluation arm of the Department of Justice Advances scientific research, development, and evaluation to enhance the criminal justice system to increase public safety Emphasis on State and local practitioner needs Committed to scientific process of open competition, peer-reviewed, published reports and archived data NIJ CBRN Protective Ensemble Standard Effort Special Technical Committee (STC) Advisory Working Group (AWG)
Steering Committee (SC) Special Technical Committee Formed in August 2007 Responsible for developing the performance standard and related documents for CBRN ensembles for law enforcement Membership: Law enforcement practitioners with relevant experience & expertise Stakeholder organizations represented include: NFPA, DHS, DEA, FLETC, FOP, IACP, NSA, NTOA Technical experts from NIST/OLES, DOD, NIOSH, UL, and SEI (engineers, scientists, test labs, conformity assessment bodies, standards development organizations) No manufacturers allowed on the STC Special Technical Committee
Member Organization Member Charles Onesko Organization FBI HMRU Hugh Breslin FLETC Kevin Sommers
FOP (Warren PD) Jerry Craig DEA Patricia Gleason SEI Mike Brown NSA Gordon Gillerman
NIST Heather McArthur Phoenix PD Bruce Teele NFPA Dave McBath IACP (NYSPD)
Bill Haskell NIOSH Ed Allen NTOA (Seminole County SD) Tom Neal ASTM Gene Stark DoD
Tom Nolan NTOA (Upper Merion Township PD) Stephanie Castellani Natick Elaine Stewart-Craig ECBC NBSCAB (Sacramento County SD)
Steve Corrado UL Martin Hutchings *Ed Bailor, Chair Oversight and Guidance Advisory Working Group: Senior-level personnel from NTOA, IACP, FOP, NIST, NSA, NIJ, & DHS Purpose is to review STC work and provide input to the draft documents prior to public comment Steering Committee:
Senior advisors from agencies having jurisdiction over law enforcement equipment Purpose is to provide overall direction of the effort and approve the completed standard and related documents Advisory Working Group (AWG) NIJ: Marc Caplan NIST/OLES: Phil Mattson DHS:
Jim Hagy NFPA: Bob Vondrasek FOP: Tim Richardson NTOA: John Gnagey IACP:
Joel Leson IAB: Bob Ingram NSA: John Thompson Steering Committee NIJ Deputy Director for Science and Technology: Dr. John Morgan DHS Science & Technology Standards Executive: Bert Coursey NIST/OLES Director:
Mark Stolorow NIJ Standard and Supporting Documents 1. Equipment Standard: Defines minimum design and performance requirements and test methods to verify performance 2. Conformity Assessment Requirements: Details the requirements for ensuring that a product or process conforms to particular standards or specifications 3. Selection and Application Guide: Provides information to assist law enforcement agency decision-makers, procurement officials, and end users CBRN Ensemble Standard
Built on related work by Natick, NFPA, and other organizations to minimize time needed to create a new standard for law enforcement Modeled the new standard after existing NFPA CBRN/Hazmat Standards Law enforcement requirements incorporated in ensemble classification levels, ergonomic testing, noise generation criteria, durability requirements, etc.
Standard Defines minimum design and performance requirements and test methods to verify performance 1. Purpose, Scope, and Application 2. References 3. Definitions 4. Design Requirements 5. Performance Requirements 6. Test Methods 7. Labeling and Information Annex: Explanatory Materials Major Features of the Standard Scope: Standard establishes the minimum requirements for ensembles and ensemble elements designed to protect law enforcement
personnel from CBRN hazards: Chemical warfare agents (CWAs) Toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) Biologically derived toxins or pathogens Radiological particulate hazards that may inflict bodily harm, incapacitation, or death Major Features of the Standard (Contd) 4 Law Enforcement Response Levels (LERLs) based on mission requirements, expected mission duration, durability requirements of different operations and activities, and hazards in the CBRN threat environments Design Requirements, such as sizes and integration with mission-specific equipment Performance Requirements and test methods to verify that requirements are met
Law Enforcement Response Levels Law Enforcement Response Level-1 (LERL-1) Conditions unknown or known to be above Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) Requires use of Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) Requires Flame Resistance (FR) Protection Law Enforcement Response Level2 (LERL-2) Conditions unknown or above IDLH Requires use of SCBA
Law Enforcement Response Levels (contd) Law Enforcement Response Level3 (LERL3) Known to be below IDLH Requires use of Air Purifying Respirator (APR) or Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR) Law Enforcement Response Level4 (LERL-4) Known to be below IDLH Requires use of APR or PAPR Design Requirements Protection of the wearers body including the upper and lower torso, legs, arms, head, hands, and feet. Ensemble elements include protective garments, protective gloves, and protective footwear. Designed for a single exposure at incidents involving CBRN agents and hazards.
Can be donned by the wearer without assistance. Designed to minimize noise generated during law enforcement operations. Important Law Enforcement Test Methods Ergonomics: Donning and Doffing Tests Gross Body Mobility Tests Dexterity Tests: Glove Fine and Gross Dexterity Tests Field of View Test Tactical and Perimeter Scenario Tests (developed by STC) Audible Signature: Audible Signature Test (developed by STC) Certification Program Purpose is to demonstrate that products available to law enforcement are tested and evaluated to meet or exceed the
requirements of the standard Third-party certification of manufacturers of CBRN protective ensembles to the requirements of the NIJ standard Initial and periodic evaluation of products and facilities Certification bodies shall be accredited to ISO/IEC Guide 65 by ANSI Test laboratories shall be accredited to ISO 17025 by a recognized laboratory accreditation body Selection and Application Guide Provides information to assist law enforcement agency decisionmakers, procurement officials, and end users Description of the applicable NIJ standard and conformity assessment program in non-technical terms Importance of wearing CBRN protective ensembles Guidance for selecting most appropriate technology Selection, maintenance, and care of equipment
Applicable Codes and Regulations Recommended Training Sample Procurement Language Public Comment and Resolution Standard and Certification Program Requirements were available for public review and comment August 11 through September 24 > 600 comments received on the Standard ~ 30 comments received on the Certification Program Requirements STC met in mid-October to begin addressing comments and incorporating appropriate changes into both documents Remaining Activities STC to complete resolution of comments and modification
of the documents. Steering Committee (NIJ, DHS, NIST/OLES) to approve final drafts date to be determined. Standard ready for publication by NIJ following Steering Committee approval - date to be determined.
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