CNN 10 and Sociological Issues today https://www.cnn.com/2018/09/03/cnn10/ten-content-tues/index.html We will watch CNN 10, it is your job to find 1 sociological problem facing society today. 1. Take out a sheet of paper. Label it with your name, block, and todays date 2. Tell me what the issue is 3. Using the sociological imagination and perspective, how would this issue affect society?
Perspective s, Theories, and Sociological Thinking Sociological Imagination ...the vivid awareness of the relationship between private experience and the wider society.C. Wright Mills
Ability to make connections between yourself and the wider world Sociological Perspectives Look at society systematically in a scientific way to identify patterns and connections Sociological Imagination- provides us with the ability to see the relationship between the individual experience and the larger society. Sociological Perspective- allows us find out why people do the things they do.
Levels of Macrosociology Sociological Examination Looks at Society as a whole (large scale) Examines long term effects Microsociology Looks at Society on an individual scale Examines day-to-day interactions Globalization Examines global impacts and connections
Family as a social institution. Is family necessary in keeping society stable and functioning? Microsociology: what day to day interactions between 2 people in a marriage lead to divorce? Theoretical Perspectives
Sociologists develop theories of how societies work in order test them Groups of similar theories can be divided into three main perspectives of looking at society Functional, Conflict, interactionist The Functionalist Perspective Developed by Emile Durkheim---- Macro-Sociological Perspective Society is a large collection of interdependent parts and works through a system of consensus and cooperation Dysfunction is anything that does not work as part of the society
Growth in population = growth of urban and suburban areas = rise in crime. Functions can also be Manifest or Latent Manifest= intended or known consequence of a part of society= Paid College education has a manifest function of higher learning and job readiness Latent = unintended consequence = college education has a latent function of large student debt The Conflict Perspective Developed by Karl Marx - Macro-sociological Perspective Society is understood to be made up of conflicting interest groups who vie for power and privilege
Focuses heavily on inequality and distribution of power and wealth Interactionist Developed by Max Weber- Micro-Sociological Perspective Perspective Worked on by George herbert Mead Focuses on the interactions of individuals within a society Symbolic is anything that has a larger meaning than just itself
I.e: Books why would they be important to people? Is there a meaning behind the love to read? Perspective Definition Believes that sociology should have social change
Macro or Micro Focus Functionalist Society is a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable environment No
Macro Conflict Forces in society promote competition and change Yes Macro
Interactionist How Individuals interact with each other in societies and what roles symbols play in society No Micro
Chicago School Sociologists Jane Addams Surveyed struggles of urban poor and immigrants in Chicago Opened a settlement house Initiated programs to address things like poor working conditions, malnutrition, low wages, poor sanitation. W.E.B. Du Bois Used principles of Chicago School to examine communities Stressed the importance of examining race issues in America Called for Sociologists to be involved in Urban Reform
Work time: Complete the worksheet on examining Society. You may work with a partner or individually but you must complete the front and back. For the section that asks you to create your own perspective, you have creative freedom with that (school appropriate) I.e how would Bane in the Dark Knight Rises perceive Govt, class, education, and the media? How does the movie depict these institutions? What perspective is it using?
Warmup 1. What is a sociological imagination? (1 sentence) 2. Why is it important to ask questions or for hypothesis when we talk about sociology? (1 sentence)
Essential Questions 1. How do sociologists conduct research? 2. How can we apply the different elements of the scientific method to sociology?
Intro to Sociological As aResearch science, the study of Sociology uses the Scientific Method to come up with an issue and test it Uses an objective; systematic way of collecting and analyzing data to test a hypothesis. A hypothesis is an educated guess of the types of results an experiment will produce Sociology
Uses the SCIENTIFIC METHOD to test hypothesis and conduct research Essential Vocabulary Research - investigation into and the study of materials in order to understand facts and
create conclusions Methods - a particular form of procedure for accomplishing something Ethnography - the study and systematic recording of human cultures Suppose a marine biologist observes the behavior and activities of dolphins. She identifies different dolphins within the group and observes them
every day for a month. She records detailed observations about their behaviors. Some of her observations are qualitative and some quantitative. Correlation To determine cause and effect, you need correlation between 2 variables. A correlation exists when change in 1 variable relates to a change in
another. Positive correlation= both variables change in the same direction. Negative correlation = the variables change in opposite directions. As people age, they sleep fewer hours. Spurious correlation = variables are affected by a 3rd variable. Death and hospitals. You dont necessarily go to a hospital to die, you need a serious illness. Elements of an Experiment When examining cause and effect, sociologists discuss independent variables and dependent variables.
Independent Variable: cause change in other variables Dependent variables: variable changed by another (independent Variable) Drug use: level of use = dependent variable Independent variable = school grades, attitudes, social group, exposure Example Smithers thinks that a special juice will increase the productivity of workers. He creates two groups of 50 workers each and assigns each group the same task (in this case, they're supposed to staple a set of
papers). Group A is given the special juice to drink while they work. Group B is not given the special juice. After an hour, Smithers counts how many stacks of papers each group has made. Group A made 1,587 stacks, Group B made 2,113 stacks. A. Independent Variable: Smithers special Juice b. Dependent Variable: Productivity of workers c. Control Group: Group that didnt drink the juice d. What should Smithers' conclusion be? Case Studies: involves researching a single case or example of something using multiple methods
for example researching one school or factory. An ethnography is simply a very in-depth case study. A quantitative survey was carried out to compare attitudes and behaviors of Turkish adolescents in eighth-grade primary school. The survey results showed that socioeconomic status might be a predictor of student attitudes and behaviors and that poverty itself might serve as a measure adolescent health. Survey research involves interviewing or administering questionnaires, or written
surveys to large numbers of people. The investigator analyzes the data obtained from surveys to learn about similarities, differences, and trends. Good: lots of ppl participate Bad: bias involved or distortion money-is-the-leading-cause-of-stress-in-relationships.html A sociologist may also conduct correlational research.
A correlation is a relationship between two variables (or factors that change). These factors can be characteristics, attitudes, behaviors, or events. Correlational research attempts to determine if a relationship exists between the two variables, and the degree of that relationship. Smoking is positively correlated with diseases like lung cancer. The more you smoke the higher the chance of cancer Experimental research attempts to determine
how and why something happens. Experimental research tests the way in which an independent variable (the factor that the scientist manipulates) affects a dependent variable (the factor that the scientist observes). I.E touching people on the escalator Watch crosscultural research, or research designed to reveal variations across different groups of people.
Sensitivity to others' norms, folkways, values, mores, attitudes, customs, and practices necessitates knowledge of other societies and cultures. Sociologists may conduct https://youtu.be/judFMZsaJaA The use of publicly accessible information is known as secondary analysis, and is most common in situations in which collecting new data is impractical or unnecessary. Some sociologists conduct research by
using data that other social scientists have already collected. Ethnographies: are an in-depth study of the way of life of a group of people in their natural setting. Typically very in-depth and longterm. Example: Gang leader for a day What happened? Watch
Practice Case Study: Sabrina Crash Course Take note of the different forms of sociology. Your categories have to be what? You work to do
what with you hypothesis? 1. Pick a topic that interests you 2. Scroll down to featured research and choose 1 link. 3. NOW you may answer the questions to the left. 4. What is the topic?
5. Why is it important to sociology? 6. How does the topic affect sociology? 7. What was the research method used? Would you use the same method? Who was the population? The dependent and independent variables?
Exit Ticket What is Correlation? What is one example of a sociological perspective? DURKHEIMS SUICIDE STUDY DEFINING THE PROBLEM: WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL PATTERNS RELATED TO SUICIDE? WHAT COUNTED AS SUICIDE? WHEN AND WHERE ARE SUICIDE MOST COMMON?
WHAT SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS DO SUICIDE VICTIMS SHARE? TIME OF DAY WHAT IS THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE(S) IN DURKHEIMS STUDY? GEOGRAPHY
RACE GENDER SEASON MEDIA WHAT IS THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE(S) IN DURKHEIMS STUDY?
THE SUiCIDE RATE THIS IS INFLUENCED BY THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES
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