Cinematography - Central Bucks School District

Cinematography - Central Bucks School District

FILMIC TECHNIQUE FRAMING Long shot Close up Medium shot

Framing/Shots: The building blocks of film Long Shot: a shot taken from some distance; shows the full subject and perhaps surrounding scenes

A long shot often scans a wide area, providing information (literal and symbolic) including setting; it establishes parts of the narrative. Framing/Shots cont. Close-Up: The image takes up at

least 80 percent of the frame. Directs the viewers attention, emphasizes facial expressions or gestures, etc. Framing/Shots cont. Medium Shot:

People are seen from the waist up Considered a neutral shot Close to Medium to Long shifts in frame reveal whats hes afraid of/running from

Go to video Looking at Movies DVD, Chap. 4, 2.01end Youtube clip: (1.34 to end): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZBV-3epnw5I& list=PLTUdlUAUJ1XwN64IGeTmLyayW3EjRW6aU &index=2 FOCUS

Soft Sharp Rack Deep

Focus Soft Focus: A director intentionally puts his or her object slightly out of focus to make the image look softer or a little unclear Soft focus Intentional out-offocus portrayal to make the image either

softer or unclear Often used in romantic comedies to lighten the mood Also used in mystery to emphasize uncertainty about a character or situation SHARP Distinguishes

an image with brilliant clarity SHARP Focus (cont.) Rack Focus: When a director shifts the focus from one

object to another in the same shot in order to direct the audiences attention. http://vimeo.com/24761371 Deep focus: when the foreground and background are equally in focus

ANGLES Low High Eye Level Dutch/Canted

Angles Low Angle: Camera shoots subject from below; has the effect of making the subject look larger than normalstrong, powerful or

threatening. Angles (cont.) High Angle: Camera is above the subject; usually has the effect of making the subject look smaller than normalweak,

powerless, trapped. High Angle Eye Level: Accounts for 9095 percent of the shots seen because it is most natural camera is even with the key characters eyes.

Angles (cont.) Angles (cont.) Dutch angleshot that is tilted sideways on the horizontal line (also called Canted angle); used to add

tension to a static frame, it creates a sinister or distorted view of a character. Go to Video Looking at Movies DVD, Chapter 4, whole clip

Youtube clip: .57 to end: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3vQNwn3A4_A&index =3&list=PLTUdlUAUJ1XwN64IGeTmLyayW3EjRW6aU LIGHTING Low key High key

Lighting Low-key: scene is flooded with shadows and darkness; creates suspense/suspicion. Lighting (cont.)

High-key: scene is flooded with light; creates bright and open looking scene. Lighting (cont.) Chiaroscuro: Gradations and subtle variations of lights AND darks within an image

Go to video on lighting https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clBT 7O3A3wI 2.58-4:02 SOUND

Diegetic Nondiegetic Sound Diegetic: sound that can be heard logically by the characters within the film

Teacher flashdrive: Chicago

A character coughing or speaking A dog barking A radio playing TV blaring Traffic Etc. Sound (cont.)

Nondiegetic: sound that could not be heard by characters; sound is given directly to audience by director. Teacher flashdrive clips:

Jaws Stranger Than Fiction can visit for Stranger Than Fiction: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= WDwTQ57YyzI CAMERA MOVEMENT See video clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLHNB ssyuE4

Pan: 1.30 to 2.27 Tilt: 4.00 to 4.45 Zoom (push): 6.28 to 9.12 Dolly shot/tracking: 9:14-10.22 EDITING

Fade Dissolve- will see in Vertigo

Montage- Devil Wears Prada Crosscutting Godfather clip Eye-line match/POV shot Hitchcock clip and Vertigo clip Flashback- Father of the Bride Shot durationShot/reverse shot- Silence of the Lambs clip; Match-on-action: 2001: A Space Odyssey EDITING

Fade Dissolve Saw in A Trip to the Moon will see in Vertigo EDITING

Montage Devil Wears Prada (basic montage) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UD-IVdxdjyQ More on this later! Well develop definition.

Crosscutting Godfather clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CDlBLvc3YE Eye-line match/POV shot Hitchcock clip and Vertigo clip Hitchcock (6.21 to 7:34) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJQE7Kv-9JU Vertigo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-kcczAff40 EDITING Flashback- Father of the Bride clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbRGmOO-Ed0

Shot duration Shot/reverse shot- Hunger Games (begin at .28): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1Ey0a6LJRA Match-on-action: 2001: A Space Odyssey

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mI3s5fA7Zhk Match-on-Action and Graphic Match Cut: In Stanley Kubricks 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), a matchon-action (between pictures 1 and 2) and a graphic match cut (involving all 3 images) enables humanity to rocket from prehistory into outer space. An ape-man (picture 1) rejoices in his

newfound weaponry, a bone, by tossing it into the air (picture 2), at which point it becomes technology of a far more sophisticated kind EDITING Go to Looking at Movies DVD, Chapter 6 8:53-14.52: Way Down East clips/analysis Youtube (whole clip)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUR7JxDvwtU&index= 4&list=PLfDjARsCO-ObSsmHETaxFlCQ7rO7msidZ AND youtube: start of clip to 2.34: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CuxeW1h8Hlg&index= 5&list=PLfDjARsCO-ObSsmHETaxFlCQ7rO7msidZ 21.40: Battleship Potemkin Odessa steps (see teacher) Intertextuality: Untouchables Clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QJpRSf4q-hI MISE-EN-SCENE

Refers to what appears within the frame of a shot, including the costumes, props, acting, lighting and scenery See next slide for model, then group work to select an image and analyze

medium close up of queens face: a feeling of fear and isolation low angle shot: queen looks powerful, dominating the scene. Props- Crown (Smaller than her head-faux authority) Big head

(selfish,vain) not a very good queen as ego is too big for crown Hair=red, high collarparody of Elizabeth I? Make-up (hyperbolic-faux authorityis she taken seriously?) Light on the frog's face, shadow on the queen- Good and Evil MISE-EN-SCENE Go to Looking at Movies DVD: Chapter 3: Setting and Expressionism Youtube link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HvSmokTjWF8

Practice: Philadelphia clip: Andy seeks representation for his wrongful termination suit Chapter 4 in DVD FOCALIZATION

Subjective Authorial Neutral SUBJECTIVE FOCALIZATION: like the 1st person shots are clearly aligned with one characters point of view the audience does not always get all the information because the info is being filtered through a certain

characters perspective eyeline match is often used AUTHORIAL FOCALIZATION: like 3rd person omniscient (all knowing) the director is the author of the film shots that are meaningfully constructed that do not come through a characters perspective a way for the director to convey information directly to

the audience without filtering it through a characters point of view uses devices like the long shot and high angle NEUTRAL FOCALIZATION: like the 3rd person straightforward realistic information provided without interpretive commentary,

opinion, or specific/particular meaning includes devices like the medium shot, even lighting, etc. Focalization Clips

Subjective Focalization: Saving Private Ryan clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQa--gJ4 12M 1.21 to 2.50 Authorial and Subjective Focalization: The Sixth Sense clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vc5B-erc dKE

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