Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Metals Compounds formed between metals and nonmetals tend to be ionic. Metal oxides tend to be basic. Periodic Properties of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Nonmetals These are dull, brittle substances that are poor conductors of heat and electricity. They tend to gain electrons in reactions with metals to acquire a noble gas configuration. Periodic Properties

of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Nonmetals Substances containing only nonmetals are molecular compounds. Most nonmetal oxides are acidic.

Periodic Properties of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Metalloids These have some characteristics of metals and some of nonmetals. For instance, silicon looks shiny, but is

brittle and fairly poor conductor. Periodic Properties of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Group Trends Periodic Properties of the

Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Alkali Metals Alkali metals are soft, metallic solids. The name comes from the Arabic word for ashes. Periodic Properties of the

Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Alkali Metals They are found only in compounds in nature, not in their elemental forms. They have low densities and melting points. They also have low ionization energies. Periodic Properties of the Elements

2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Alkali Metals Their reactions with water are famously exothermic. Periodic Properties of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Alkali Metals Alkali metals (except Li) react with oxygen to

form peroxides. K, Rb, and Cs also form superoxides: K + O2 KO2 They produce bright colors when placed in a flame. Periodic Properties of the Elements 2009, Prentice-Hall, Inc.

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