Chapter 3: Ancient Indian Civilizations

Chapter 3: Ancient Indian Civilizations

Aim: How was Sparta a model polis? Do Now - Quiz on section 1 HW: Readings 1,2 on Solon greece homework Hellenic Age .pdf greece-Hellenic Age II.pdf Reminder: Test on chapters 1-4

Monday 11/25 all multiple choice In what part of Greece is Sparta located? Sparta: The Military Ideal By the late 1100s B.C., invaders overran the

Peloponnesus and enslaved the residents, calling them helots. Helots outnumbered Spartans by 10-1. How would this present a pr problem for Sparta?

Reading Life of Lycurgus Answer the following questions in your notebooks. 1.Why was Sparta in a state of confusion? 2.How did Lycurgus attempt to solve the problems Sparta faced? 3. Should achieving equality be a goal of

society? Group work answer questions on the back. Which city-state best represented the ideal polis, Sparta or Athens?

Do Now: Read introduction to Melian Dialogue 1. How did the war between Sparta and Athens affect the smaller city-states? 2. Why did Athens threaten Melos? 3. How did the Melians claim the protection of the laws of nations?

Tomorrow - Quiz chapter 5, section 2 HW: Greece, Chapter 5, sections 3,4 do focus questions Sparta: The Military Ideal A rigid military society developed and Sparta became its capital

A. Spartan Society The Equals, the descendents of the invaders, controlled Sparta A. Spartan Society Half-citizens were free, paid taxes, served in the army but had no political power

A. Spartan Society The lowest group were the Helots, who became Spartas slaves They served as agricultural and domestic slaves, and sometimes military servants

as well. Spartans usually allowed agricultural helots to keep excess produce. B. Government in Sparta Two kings headed the government - one led the army and the other ruled at home

Statue of King Leonidas of Sparta Archidamos III King of Sparta

B. Government in Sparta A Council of Elders proposed laws and judged criminal cases B. Government in Sparta The Assembly accepted or rejected laws proposed by the Council of Elders

The Assembly was made up of male Spartan citizens over the age of thirty. To gain citizenship a man had to pass training courses, and have a certain amount of education. B. Government in Sparta The Assembly elected five ephors, who

ensured the kings stayed within the law C. Spartas Military Society At age 7, boys left home for military training and schooling Boys were taught survival skills. Boys were encouraged to steal what they needed

without getting caught, and, under certain circumstances, to murder helots. At birth unfit boys would be killed. C. Spartas Military Society From ages 18 to 20 they trained for war and began military service at age 20

C. Spartas Military Society They could not engage in trade or business and remained available for military service until age 60 C. Spartas Military Society

Spartan girls received strict physical training and were taught devotion to the city-state Only in Sparta did girls receive public education - in other citystates most women were completely illiterate. Only in Sparta were girls allowed to engage in sport.

Only in Sparta did women possess economic power and influence. II. Athens: The Birth of Democracy A. Athenian Society Citizens formed the top social group but only Athens-born men had full political rights

A. Athenian Society Metics, those born outside Athens, were free and paid taxes but were not citizens A. Athenian Society Slaves were people captured in war and were

at the bottom of society B. Early Government in Athens All male citizens met in an assembly that elected nine archons, rulers who served oneyear terms B. Early Government in Athens

In the late 600s B. C., an archon named Draco created Athenss first written laws His harsh code punished both trivial and serious crimes with death - hence the use of the word draconian to describe tough

legal measures. B. Early Government in Athens Solon, another archon, outlawed slavery for debt and divided citizens into four groups based on wealth rather than birth

B. Early Government in Athens From 546 to 527 BC, Peisistratus ruled Athens as a tyrant Due to a economic crisis, Athens was collapsing in anarchy. A nobleman, Peisistratus, swept into power during this anarchy and set about restoring order. Peisistratus began to build in and around Athens,

reform Athenian religion and religious practices, and devoted his government to cultural reform. He sought out poets and artists in order to make Athens a culturally sophisticated and dynamic society. He launched a full attack on the power of the nobility. He increased the power of the Assembly and the courts associated with the poorest classes.

C. Athenian Democracy In 507 BC, Cleisthenes seized power and created a direct democracy One of Cleisthenes reforms was that any free

man living in Athens or the surrounding area was a citizen. C. Athenian Democracy He divided citizens into 10 tribes and each tribe chose 50 men to serve in the Council of

Five Hundred C. Athenian Democracy The Council proposed laws, but the assembly had final authority

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