Chapter 27 Notes The Sun-Earth-Moon System Tools of Astronomy Astronomers study radiation (light) emitted or reflected by distant objects Visible light, radio waves, X-rays, UV, infrared, microwaves, and gamma rays are all types of
electromagnetic radiation (EMR) All EMR travels at the speed of light Different types of telescopes detect different types of EMR The Electromagnetic Spectrum Telescopes
A telescopes purpose is not to magnify objects, but to collect and focus light. Visible light: Refracting (lenses) Reflecting (mirrors) Radio telescopes:
Space-based Telescopes Earths atmosphere blocks some types of EMR can distort visible light; some telescopes are located above the atmosphere. Here are a few of them: Hubble: visible light
New Horizons (Pluto): 2006 Human space flight International Space Station Spinoff technology More than 1400 different NASA technologies passed on to commercial industries
Exploring the Moon History of the Moon The Moon is about the same age as the Earth (4.5 billion years old) Interior: layered, but no tectonic activity Surface:
Highlands: mountains Maria: impact basins filled with lava Rilles: valleys created by flowing lava Moon Map Moon Map A Mercator map of the Moon
Formation of the Moon Impact Theory: Currently accepted theory based on the Moons geology and computer
simulations Time is based on Astronomy
Day: one complete rotation (plus ~4minutes) Year: one complete orbit around the Sun Month: based on one cycle of lunar phases Seasons: caused by Earths tilt Solstices: summer and winter Equinoxes: equal night spring and fall Suns maximum height is called the zenith.
The zenith varies depending on latitude and time of year Moon Phases Waxing: getting larger Waning: getting smaller
Crescent: less than size Gibbous: greater than size Lunar month vs. sidereal month It takes 27.3 days
for the Moon to make one complete orbit around the Earth It takes 29.5 days for the Moon to complete one cycle of phases
Synchronous orbit The same side of the Moon always faces the Earth The Moon spins one time on its axis each time it goes around
the Earth There is no dark side of the Moon Solar Eclipse Earth passes through Moons shadow We see the Sun blocked Only occurs during new moon phase (why
not every new moon phase?) Lunar Eclipse Moon passes through Earths shadow We see the Moon darkened Only occurs during full moon phase
Idealog. Click through and read the introduction and tutorial before starting the quiz. Take a screenshot of your results and add them to this slide. When done, take a screenshot of your results to paste here.
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