불교의 우주론 - cfile208.uf.daum.net

불교의 우주론 - cfile208.uf.daum.net

- Buddhist Cosmology Dr. C. George Boeree Shippensburg University ,

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Brahma -- the supreme deva, who convinced Buddha to teach. Indra -- a major deva, originally the Hindu sk

y god. Praja -- goddess of knowledge. Buddhas m other was considered an incarnation. Mara -- a deva associated with death and hindrances to enligh tenment. It was Mara who tempted Buddha under the bodhi tr ee. ,

Yama -- the king of the 21 hells , Nagas -- great serpents (or dragons, or water creatures). The kin g of the Nagas protected Buddha from a storm. Gandharvas -- angelic beings who provide the gods with music ( )

(ANGKOR WAT)) (Mount Meru ) -

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A p s

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(T)rikaya) 1. Nirmanakaya -- The earthly Buddhas (and Bodhisattvas), especially as personified by Sid dhartha Gautama. In Tibet, the intentional hu man embodiment of a reborn master. ( )

( ) 2. Sambhogakaya -- Buddhas in their heaven s, the result of accumulated merit. Or, in Zen, enlightenment. In Tibetan buddhism, this refer s to the means of achieving the Dharmakaya, i. e. the power of meditation on the various visua lized dieties called yidams which are archetypa

l symbols of different qualities of enlightenme nt. ( ) 3. Dharmakaya -- The teachings of the Budd ha, and the true nature of the Buddha, which is everything. Buddha mind, or Shunyata. In Tibet, they also refer to the body, speech, an

d mind of a master. And they are represented by the mudra, the mantra, and the mandala, res pectively. 1. Vairochana -- center, white, tathagata family, ign orance and wisdom, the primordial Buddha. - ( )

2. Akshobhya -- east, blue, vajra (diamond) famil y, aggression and mirrorlike wisdom. . 3. Ratnasambhava -- south, yellow, ratna (jewel) fa mily, pride and equanimity. . 4. Amitabha -- west, red, padma (lotus) fam

ily, passion and discriminating awareness, gov erns the present age. 5. Amoghasiddhi -- north, green, karma famil y, envy and all-accomplishing wisdom. , ( )

Samantabhadra Krakucchanda Vajrapani Kanakamuni , Ratnapani Kashyapa

Avalokiteshvara (Kuan Yin) Shakyamuni (Siddhartha Gotama) 5. Vishvapani - Maitreya (the future Buddha) 1. 2. 3. 4.

1 Amitabha is the transcendent Buddha of the Western Pure Land. Amitabha rules over this period of time. 2 Avalokiteshwara (Chenrezi, Kwan Yin, K wannon) is the boddhisattva of compassion.

Avalokiteshwara is often represented by a fem ale figure, or an ambiguous one, in the Mahay ana tradition. (See image at right) The Taras are a set of 21 female saviors, born from Avalokiteshvaras tears. Green Tara and White Tara are the best known.

- , ( , ) 3 Maitreya is the future Buddha, who will be born 30,000 years from now. The Chinese mo nk called Pu-tai (Ho-tei in Japanese) - the lau ghing buddha - is considered a pre-incarnation of Maitreya. - ,

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