CCNA 1 Module 11 TCP/IP Transport and Application Layers

CCNA 1 Module 11 TCP/IP Transport and Application Layers

CCNA 2 v3.1 Module 7 Distance Vector Routing Protocols 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Purpose of This PowerPoint This PowerPoint primarily consists of the Target

Indicators (TIs) of this module in CCNA version 3.1. It was created to give instructors a PowerPoint to take and modify as their own. This PowerPoint is: NOT a study guide for the module final assessment. NOT a study guide for the CCNA certification exam. Please report any mistakes you find in this PowerPoint by using the Academy Connection Help link.

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 2 To Locate Instructional Resource Materials on Academy Connection: Go to the Community FTP Center to locate materials created by the instructor community

Go to the Tools section Go to the Alpha Preview section Go to the Community link under Resources See the resources available on the Class home page for classes you are offering Search http://www.cisco.com Contact your parent academy! 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

3 Objectives 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 4

Distance Vector Updates 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 5 Problem: Routing Loops Routing loops can occur when

inconsistent routing tables are not updated due to slow convergence in a changing network. 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 6 Problem: Counting to Infinity

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 7 Solution: Defining a Maximum for Infinity 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

8 Solution: Split Horizon 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 9

Solution: Route Poisoning 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 10 Solution: Triggered Updates 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

11 Solution: Holddown Timers 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 12

Key Characteristics of RIP 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 13 RIP Commands Using router rip and network commands to Enable RIP

Enabling RIP on an IP-addressed network Monitoring IP packet flow using the show ip protocol command The show ip route command 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 14

Configuring RIP 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 15 Using the ip classless Command 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

16 The show ip protocols Command 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 17

The show ip route Command 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 18 Troubleshooting RIP Update Issues debug ip rip

show ip protocols {summary} show ip route debug ip rip {events} show ip interface brief 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 19

Preventing Routing Updates through an Interface 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 20 Load Balancing with RIP

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 21 Administrative Distance 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 22

Integrating Static Route with RIP A router running RIP can receive a default route via an update from another router running RIP. Another option is for the router to generate the default route itself. The administrator can override a static route with dynamic routing information by

adjusting the administrative distance values. 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 23 Integrating Static Route with RIP Static routes that point out an interface will be advertised by the RIP router that owns the static

route and propagated throughout the internetwork. This is because static routes that point to an interface are considered in the routing table to be connected and thus lose their static nature in the update. If a static route is assigned to an interface that is not defined in a network command, a redistribute static command must be specified in the RIP process before RIP will advertise the route.

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 24 IGRP Features 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 25

IGRP Commands Using router igrp and network commands to enable IGRP Enabling IGRP on an IP-addressed network Monitoring IP packet flow using the show ip protocol command The show ip interfaces command The show ip route command

The debug ip rip command 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 26 IGRP Metrics Bandwidth The lowest bandwidth value in the path Delay The cumulative interface delay along the

path Reliability The reliability on the link towards the destination as determined by the exchange of keepalives Load The load on a link towards the destination based on bits per second 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

27 IGRP Routes: Interior, System, & Exterior 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 28

IGRP Stability Features Holddowns, Split horizons, & Poison-reverse updates 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 29 Configuring IGRP

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 30 Migrating RIP to IGRP 1. Verify existing routing protocol (RIP) on the routers to be converted. 2. Configure IGRP on RouterA and RouterB

3. Enter show ip protocols on RouterA and RouterB 4. Enter show ip route on RouterA and RouterB 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 31

Migrating RIP to IGRP 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 32 Verifying IGRP Configuration Some commands for checking IGRP configuration are

as follows: show interface interface show running-config show running-config interface interface show running-config | begin interface interface show running-config | begin igrp show ip protocols 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

33 Troubleshooting IGRP The following commands are useful when troubleshooting IGRP: show ip protocols {summary} show ip route debug ip igrp events IGRP protocol events

debug ip igrp transactions IGRP protocol transactions ping traceroute 2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 34 Summary

2004, Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 35

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