Brain Development - North Dakota State University

Brain Development - North Dakota State University

Session 3 Brain Development Cognitive Development = Thinking and Learning Active neuron Objectives Parents and participants will: Gain a basic understanding of brain development in young children

Recognize the role you play in your childs brain development for school and lifelong success Icebreaker ***Please stand up and form a circle.*** Farm animals Types of homes Parts of a car Favorite activities for

preschoolers Zoo animals Bodies of water Types of insects Science of the Brain Limbic System Cortex Midbrain Cerebellum

Brain Stem The Window is Open! Visual (eyes) and auditory (ears) development between birth and 4 years old Language development between birth and 10 years old Physical and motor development between birth and 12 years old Emotional and social development between birth and12 years old

Self-awareness and social interactions develop in the early years as well Picture Your Synapse Neuron cell Nucleus Dendrite Soma Axon Myelin sheath

Node of Ranvier Schwann cell Axon terminal Sources: http://main.zerotothree.org/site/PageServer? pagename=ter_key_brainFAQ Diagram: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_brain_cell How 4-year-olds Think and Learn

They: Learn by doing Can count from five to seven items Can compare sets of items Can name four or more colors accurately Love being read to Like to label and classify the environment Can tell you their name, address and phone number May be able to copy their own names Draw people with basic large body parts (head, arms legs, trunk) Have questions about many things (death, sex, etc.)

Source: The Developing Brain, Birth to Age Eight by Marilee Sprenger How 5-year-olds Think and Learn They: Often exclude other children in play - best friends only Prefer playing in small groups Protect younger children Respect other peoples property Like to feel grown up, and often boast about themselves to younger, less capable children Understand and enjoy both giving and receiving

Play well without adult supervision Need rules that are consistent and enforced for social behavior Source: The Developing Brain, Birth to Age Eight by Marilee Sprenger How 6-year-olds Think and Learn They: Ask many questions See another's point of view (sometimes) Value quantity of work more than quality Are good starters but dont always finish

Can differentiate truth from fantasy Spontaneously group items Believe what they see to be true Give reasons Solve problems Can follow directions to make simple items Mix colors Building Healthy Brains 1) Media and technology 2) Discipline 3) Helmets

4) Drink lots of water/eat healthy foods 5) Read 6) Do 7) Ponder and question to build your brain 8) Brain breaks 9) Neural scaffolding Shifting Gears Do you have anything you would like to

share from last weeks session? Thank you for participating!

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