Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program www.rpdp.net Music and Learning Saralyn Lasley RPDP Secondary Literacy Regional Trainer Music speaks what cannot be expressed, soothes the mind and gives it rest, heals the heart and makes it whole. Unknown
Brain Class Mantra There is no learning without memory . Students make meaning by connecting to existing knowledge . Neurons that fire wire together, together.
Practice makes permanent! Quite simply, music is good for you-physically, emotionally, and spiritually. It can strengthen the mind, unlock the creative spirit, and, miraculously, even heal the body. Don Campbell Use music to help develop concentration skills In a University CA at Irvine study, students who listened to Mozarts Sonata for 2 Pianos increased
their visual-spacial intelligence by about 10 percent. Music can either help or hurt concentration. In a recent study, 12 teenagers played the game Memory while they listened to different types of music: rock, rap, classical and no music. Rap was associated with the worst performance, rock group next, no music next, while the highest scores go to those listening to classical. Listening to Music Creating Music Music relaxes the mind and lowers stress levels that inhibit learning Dopamine/optimism
Music acts directly on the body Pulse Blood pressure Electric activity of muscles Builds and strengthens brain cell connections Music inspires emotion Music enhances memory Stored in limpic system Auditory cortex transmits to the frontal lobe/emotions, thought, and past experiences Music is mathematical Spatial reasoning
Patterns Counting Ratios and proportions Sequences Music is a universal language Biological All cultures associate meaning and emotion Specialized areas that stimulate limpic system Writing and singing content songs Can tap into all of the above Appeals to multiple learning styles Logical/mathematical Visual/spacial
Musical/rhythmic Verbal/linguistic interpersonal Humming and Toning Tunes the Brain In the Mozart Effect, Don Campbell lists the benefits of using your voice to enhance mood and memory. All forms of vocalization, including singing, chanting, yodeling, humming, reciting poetry, or simply talk is therapeutic, but nothing rivals toning. When people tone on a regular basis for 5 minutes a day, I have witnessed thousands of people relax into their voices, become more centered
in their bodies, release fear and other emotions, and free themselves from physical pain. I have seen many people apply toning in practical ways, from relaxing before a test to eliminating symptoms of tinnitus or migraine headaches. Toning has been effective in relieving insomnia and other sleep disorders Toning balances brain waves, deepens the breath, reduces the heart rate and imparts a general sense of well-being. Campbell reports that in his experience certain sounds tend to have certain effects on the body and
emotions: Ahhh - immediately evokes a relaxation response, Ee or Ay - is the most stimulating of vowel sounds, helps with concentration, releasing pain and anger, Oh or Om - considered the richest of sounds, can warm skin temperature and relax muscle tension. Try toning for 5 minutes a day for 2 weeks to see if it will help you. Humming - can also make a positive difference in mood and memory. Mozart hummed as he composed. Children hum when they are happy. Adults often hum tunes that go through their minds, lifting their spirits and tuning their mind. Consciously focus on humming during the day. As the sound activates your brain, you
will feel more alive and your brain will feel more tuned in to the moment. The Mozart Effect Researchers at the University of California at Irvine (UCI) demonstrated that listening to Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos (K.448) enhanced visual spatial learning skills. Frances H. Rauscher, PhD and her colleagues conducted a study with 36 undergraduates from the department of psychology who scored 8 to 9 points higher on the spatial IQ test (part of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence scale) after listening to 10 minutes of Mozart. Gordon Shaw, one of the researchers, suggested Mozart's
music may be able to warm up the brain, "We suspect that complex music facilitates certain complex neuronal patterns involved in high brain activities like math and chess. By contrast, simple and repetitive music could have the opposite effect. In a follow up study the researchers tested spatial skill by projecting 16 abstract figures similar to folded pieces of paper on an overhead screen for one minute each. The test looked at ability of participants to tell how the items would look unfolded. Over a 5-day period, one group listened to Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos, another to silence, and a third to mixed sounds, including music by Philip Glass, an
audiotaped story, and a dance piece. The researchers reported that all three groups improved their scores from day one to day two, but the group that listened to Mozart improved their pattern recognition scores 62% compared to 14% for the silence group and 11% for the mixed group. The researchers proposed that Mozart's music strengthened the creative right-brain processing center associated with spatial reasoning. "Listening to music," they concluded, "acts as an exercise for facilitating symmetry operations associated with higher brain function. Campbell writes that in his experience Mozart's
violin concertos, especially numbers 3 and 4 produce even stronger positive effects on learning. Music for the Unborn Music is influential from a very early age. Dr. Thomas Verny in his book The Secret Life of the Unborn Child cites scientific experiments showing that fetuses preferred Mozart and Vivaldi to other composers in early as well as later stages of pregnancy. He reported that fetal heart rates steadied and kicking lessened, while other music, especially rock, "drove most fetuses to distraction," and they "kicked violently" when it was played to their mothers
Light Bulb Take a minute to jot down an idea, a thought or a connection .. Now, share your thoughts with a partner. Brain Class Mantra There is no learning without memory . Students make meaning by connecting to existing knowledge . Neurons that
fire wire together, together. Practice makes permanent! Brain Class Mantra There is no without
. Students make meaning by connecting to existing . Neurons that together, together. Practice makes permanent!
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