Aztec Power - Global History 9th

Aztec Power - Global History 9th

Aztec Power How did the Aztecs gain, maintain, and consolidate power? Annotation Directions Underline/highlight the key details in each section.

Mark a CHECK for positive effects and X for negative effects. Circle words you dont know Annotate the text marking G, M, or C for how the Aztecs gained, maintained, or consolidated power. As you read and annotate: Explain how/why these show the following

within the space in the text GAINED POWER (G) MAINTAINED POWER (M) CONSOLIDATED POWER

Aztec City States and Taxes States interact with their subjects in two ways: they exploit people and they provide services. This has been true from the earliest states in Mesopotamia to the nation-states of today. Taxation is one of the primary means by which states exploit their citizens or subjects, and taxes provide the revenue for the services offered by states.

Land Tax: Calpolli paid taxes in the form of cotton mantas, cacao beans, firework, and foodstuffs based on the amount of land they farmed. Farmers kept most of their crop but had to send some of it to the king Rotational Labor: Calpolli members were required to work for the king or nobles. Women spun and wove textiles while men often supplied firewood, swept, and carried water. Public Works Corve: Calpolli gave the labor of their members up to assist with building projects directed by the Aztec government like

building aqueducts or temples. Military Corve: All young males had to serve in the military. Market Tax: Government officials waited in guard huts at the market and took a portion of the goods as tax for being allowed to sell goods in the market.

Aztec Hierarchy/Government Aztec Religion/Sun Sacrifices [The Aztecs believed that] all the time the sun was thirsting from the great internal heat. So he had to be nourished and cooled by offerings

of the red cactus-fruit (which meant human hearts and blood). Only a very few had to be sacrificed to keep the sun moving in the sky, but the sacrifice must never be neglected or the human race would die from the fire caused by a motionless sun.

Short Response Part II: Short Response - How did the Aztec gain, consolidate, and maintain their power?

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